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Ist Primecoin „the next big thing“ nach Bitcoin?
Primecoin is an innovative cryptocurrency, a form of digital currency secured by cryptography and issued through a decentralized mining market. Derived from Satoshi Nakamoto's Bitcoin, Primecoin introduces an unique form of proof-of-work based on searching for prime numbers.
Discussion about Primecoin and its infra. Primecoin is a very innovative cryptocurrency, being the 1st non Hash-Cash PoW crypto, naturally scarce (not artificially), with very fast confirmations (1min), elastic readjusting reward & a useful mining (byproducts are primes). Primecoin is sustainable (miners are guaranteed to have revenues), and decentralized (ASIC/FPGA are not particularly advantaged). Sidechain for decentralized data applications (e.g. Storj) currently in development.
Let’s start a campaign to get BC on BTC-e based on its lightning speed to move coins for arbitrage between exchanges. BCE-e already lists Bitcoin, Litecoin, Peercoin, Namecoin, Primecoin, and Terracoin, Why not Blackcoin; we have the volume.
CoinPayments.net shutting down March 31, because they can't afford to "register with FinCEN and most of the 50 states as a MSB". They were offering a payment service to pay besides Bitcoin with altcoins (from Anoncoin, Dogecoin over Megacoin, NXT to PrimeCoin, Zetacoin and many many more)
I have a store credit for $633 at the bitcoin store. I want to build a pc for mining primecoin (CPU only - no GPU's needed!!! This is for you guys!!) I = n00b
The comments from /primecoin were awesome. Now I am still an idiot of course. • processor - they recommended this processor AMD FX-6300 • motherboard - from /primecoin:
"As for motherboard, anything with socket AM3+ and a few PCIe x16 slots would be a good choice. I'd recommend getting one with onboard graphics unless you plan to ssh into it. This makes it so that you don't need a GPU for setup, and it can make things easier to troubleshoot while mining."
"If the machine is only for mining then don't bother with a case (build a quick open air rack) or much of a hard drive (you can go for linux off of a USB stick if you don't need to solo mine. "
Ok then. • Memory/primecoin says I can go with 2GB if I only want to mine.
For memory either get a couple GB of the cheapest stuff you can find, or tons of pretty good stuff. The decision here is whether or not you want to support mining coins with the "momentum" algorithm (e.g. Protoshares). If not then you can really minimize memory."
Maybe this is where I have to decide I am building a monster or a computer. Suppose I wanted to put an OS on this thing and try to be able to live a normal life as well. I want mad ram, and I want a hard drive. Suggestions? $633 is a guideline.
to Cryptocurrencies: LTC, the most famou Written by the CoinEx Institution, this series of jocular and easy to understand articles will show you everything you need to know about major cryptocurrencies, making you fully prepared before jumping into crypto! The LTC we are going to talk about today is Litecoin, one famous “altcoin”. Why is it called “altcoin”? That’s because it is a copy of BTC, sharing the same technical implementation principle. Legend even has it that “if the Bitcoin is gold, then Litecoin is silver.” However, what makes LTC stand out from many other altcoins? Let’s take a closer look. In early years, the popularity of BTC brought about a large number of “copycats”, which sprang up like mushrooms. Only a few of them have survived. As of now, there are at least 30 altcoins around the world, such as the Litecoin, Primecoin, Biocoin, Ripple, ZCC Coin, and Megacoin. Among them LTC took the lead as the most famous altcoin. The creator of LTC is Charlie Lee, a talent who graduated from MIT and used to work at Google. Inspired by BTC, he designed LTC in 2011. Although LTC technically has the same implementation principle as BTC, both its creation and transfer are based on an open source encryption protocol, free from custody of any central authority; however, it is different from BTC in that it enables efficient “mining” and faster transaction confirmation even with consumer-grade hardware (2.5 minutes on average). It is said that the LTC network is expected to produce 84 million monetary units. An “altcoin” as it is, LTC has its own mission and purpose, which is to improve BTC. Moreover, LTC is considered as “the cryptocurrency that has most successfully improved Bitcoin algorithm.” Compared with BTC, LTC has three significant features:
The LTC network can process one block every 2.5 minutes (instead of 10 minutes), so it can provide faster transaction confirmation;
The LTC network is expected to produce 84 million LCT, four times the amount of BTC;
LTC uses the scrypt encryption algorithm first proposed by Colin Percival in its proof-of-work algorithm, which makes it easier to mine LTC on ordinary computers than BTC.
In other words, compared with the cryptocurrency system of BTC, LTC has faster transaction confirmation, higher network transaction capacity and efficiency. Therefore, LTC was able to stand out from many “copycats”. Some BTC players once said: “If you can’t afford Bitcoin, try Litecoin.” The BTC rush has attracted many, and its counterparts, i.e. these “altcoins” represented by LTC, have gone viral as well. According to data from overseas media, the low price of LTC has made China the largest market for LTC transactions. CoinEx, a world-renowned digital asset trading service platform, supports LTC trading, attracting numerous investors to gain wealth. Charlie Lee, founder of LTC, once liquidated LTC in December 2017, “a crazy action” as it was known in the field. He suggested on social media that he had sold and donated all his own LTC yet without providing more details on the quantity and price of the sale. At that time, LTC took on a clear upward momentum as its price once soared to $ 375 before Charlie Lee’s liquidation, an increase of 7000% compared to the beginning of the year. Some investors have wondered if it was because Charlie Lee had lost confidence in the future of LTC that he decided to quit. After his liquidation, both LTC and BTC slumped in 2018, sending the cryptocurrency market to a recession. After the liquidation of LTC, Charlie Lee suggested in an interview that he “regrets selling all Litecoin” because the selling price at that time was lower than the highest level in history in the short run, but he still believed that was a correct decision in the long run. He also mentioned that he would leave this industry after LTC’s success. In what direction will LTC go in the future? Stay tuned. If you have any idea, please follow CoinEx and let us know. About CoinEx As a global and professional cryptocurrency exchange service provider, CoinEx was founded in December 2017 with Bitmain-led investment and has obtained a legal license in Estonia. It is a subsidiary brand of the ViaBTC Group, which owns the fifth largest BTC mining pool, which is also the largest of BCH mining, in the world. CoinEx supports perpetual contract, spot, margin trading and other derivatives trading, and its service reaches global users in nearly 100 countries/regions with various languages available, such as Chinese, English, Korean and Russian. Website: https://www.coinex.com/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/coinexcom Telegram: https://t.me/CoinExOfficialENG
I interlaced everything between Vitalik and Tuur to make it easier to read.
1/ People often ask me why I’m so “against” Ethereum. Why do I go out of my way to point out flaws or make analogies that put it in a bad light?
2/ First, ETH’s architecture & culture is opposite that of Bitcoin, and yet claims to offer same solutions: decentralization, immutability, SoV, asset issuance, smart contracts, … Second, ETH is considered a crypto ‘blue chip’, thus colors perception of uninformed newcomers.
Agree! I personally find Ethereum culture far saner, though I am a bit biased :)
3/ I've followed Ethereum since 2014 & feel a responsibility to share my concerns. IMO contrary to its marketing, ETH is at best a science experiment. It’s now valued at $13B, which I think is still too high.
Not an argument
4/ I agree with Ethereum developer Vlad Zamfir that it’s not money, not safe, and not scalable. https://twitter.com/VladZamfistatus/838006311598030848 … @VladZamfir Eth isn't money, so there is no monetary policy. There is currently fixed block issuance with an exponential difficulty increase (the bomb).
I'm pretty sure Vlad would say the exact same thing about Bitcoin
5/ To me the first red flag came up when in our weekly hangout we asked the ETH founders about to how they were going to scale the network. (We’re now 4.5 years later, and sharding is still a pipe dream.)
The core principles have been known for years, the core design for nearly a year, and details for months, with implementations on the way. So sharding is definitely not at the pipe dream stage at this point.
6/ Despite strong optimism that on-chain scaling of Ethereum was around the corner (just another engineering job), this promise hasn’t been delivered on to date.
Sure, sharding is not yet finished. Though more incremental stuff has been going well, eg. uncle rates are at near record lows despite very high chain usage.
7/ Recently, a team of reputable developers decided to peer review a widely anticipated Casper / sharding white paper, concluding that it does not live up to its own claims.
Unmerciful peer review of Vlad Zamfir & co's white paper to scale Ethereum: "the authors do NOT prove that the CBC Casper family of protocols is Byzantine fault tolerant in either practice or theory".
8/ On the 2nd layer front, devs are now trying to scale Ethereum via scale via state channels (ETH’s version of Lightning), but it is unclear whether main-chain issued ERC20 type tokens will be portable to this environment.
Umm... you can definitely use Raiden with arbitrary ERC20s. That's why the interface currently uses WETH (the ERC20-fied version of ether) and not ETH
9/ Compare this to how the Bitcoin Lightning Network project evolved:
elizabeth stark @starkness: For lnd: First public code released: January 2016 Alpha: January 2017 Beta: March 2018…
10/ Bitcoin’s Lightning Network is now live, and is growing at rapid clip.
Jameson Lopp @lopp: Lightning Network: January 2018 vs December 2018
Sure, though as far as I understand there's still a low probability of finding routes for nontrivial amounts, and there's capital lockup griefing vectors, and privacy issues.... FWIW I personally never thought lightning is unworkable, it's just a design that inherently runs into ten thousand small issues that will likely take a very long time to get past.
11/ In 2017, more Ethereum scaling buzz was created, this time the panacea was “Plasma”.
12/ However, upon closer examination it was the recycling of some stale ideas, and the project went nowhere:
Peter Todd @peterktodd These ideas were all considered in the Treechains design process, and ultimately rejected as insecure.
Just because Peter Todd rejected something as "insecure" doesn't mean that it is. In general, the ethereum research community is quite convinced that the fundamental Plasma design is fine, and as far as I understand there are formal proofs on the way. The only insecurity that can't be avoided is mass exit vulns, and channel-based systems have those too.
13/ The elephant in the room is the transition to proof-of-stake, an “environmentally friendly” way to secure the chain. (If this was the plan all along, why create a proof-of-work chain first?)
@TuurDemeester "Changing from proof of work to proof of stake changes the economics of the system, all the rules change and it will impact everything."
Umm... we created a proof of work chain first because we did not have a satisfactory proof of stake algo initially?
14/ For the uninitiated, here’s a good write-up that highlights some of the fundamental design problems of proof-of-stake. Like I said, this is science experiment territory.
Yes, we know about weak subjectivity, see https://blog.ethereum.org/2014/11/25/proof-stake-learned-love-weak-subjectivity/. It's really not that bad, especially given that users need to update their clients once in a while anyway, oh and by the way even if the weak subjectivity assumption is broken an attacker still needs to gather up that pile of old keys making up 51% of the stake. And also to defend against that there's Universal Hash Time.
16/ Keep in mind that Proof of Stake (PoS) is not a new concept at all. Proof-of-Work actually was one of the big innovations that made Bitcoin possible, after PoS was deemed impractical because of censorship vulnerability.
Oh I definitely agree that proof of work was superior for bootstrap, and I liked it back then especially because it actually managed to be reasonably egalitarian around 2009-2012 before ASICs fully took over. But at the present time it doesn't really have that nice attribute.
17/ Over the years, this has become a pattern in Ethereum’s culture: recycling old ideas while not properly referring to past research and having poor peer review standards. This is not how science progresses.Tuur Demeester added,
I try to credit people whenever I can; half my blog and ethresear.ch posts have a "special thanks" section right at the top. Sometimes we end up re-inventing stuff, and sometimes we end up hearing about stuff, forgetting it, and later re-inventing it; that's life as an autodidact. And if you feel you've been unfairly not credited for something, always feel free to comment, people have done this and I've edited.
18/ One of my big concerns is that sophistry and marketing hype is a serious part of Ethereum’s success so far, and that overly inflated expectations have lead to an inflated market cap.
Ok, go on.
19/ Let’s illustrate with an example.
20/ A few days ago, I shared a critical tweet that made the argument that Ethereum’s value proposition is in essence utopian.
@TuurDemeester Ethereum-ism sounds a bit like Marxism to me:
What works today (PoW) is 'just a phase', the ideal & unproven future is to come: Proof-of-Stake.…
22/ My first point, about Ethereum developers rejecting Proof-of-Work, has been illustrated many times over By Vitalik and others. (See earlier in this tweetstorm for more about how PoS is unproven.)
Vitalik Non-giver of Ether @VitalikButerin: I don't believe in proof of work!
See above for links as to why I think proof of stake is great.
23/ My second point addresses Ethereum’s romance with the vague and dangerous notion of ‘social consensus’, where disruptive hard-forks are used to ‘upgrade’ or ‘optimize’ the system, which inevitably leads to increased centralization. More here:
See my rebuttal to Tuur's rebuttal :)
24/ My third point addresses PoS’ promise of perpetual income to ETHizens. Vitalik is no stranger to embracing free lunch ideas, e.g. during his 2014 ETH announcement speech, where he described a coin with a 20% inflation tax as having “no cost” to users.
Yeah, I haven't really emphasized perpetual income to stakers as a selling point in years. I actually favor rewards being as low as possible while still being high enough for security.
25/ In his response to my tweet, Vitalik adopted my format to “play the same game” in criticizing Bitcoin. My criticisms weren't addressed, and his response was riddled with errors. Yet his followers gave it +1,000 upvotes!
Vitalik Non-giver of Ether @VitalikButerin: - What works today (L1) is just a phase, ideal and unproven future (usable L2) is to come - Utopian concept of progress: we're already so confident we're finished we ain't needin no hard forks…
Ok, let's hear about what the errors are...
26/ Rebuttal: - BTC layer 1 is not “just a phase”, it always will be its definitive bedrock for transaction settlement. - Soft forking digital protocols has been the norm for over 3 decades—hard-forks are the deviation! - Satoshi never suggested hyperbitcoinization as a goal.
Sure, but (i) the use of layer 1 for consumer payments is definitely, in bitcoin ideology, "just a phase", (ii) I don't think you can make analogies between consensus protocols and other kinds of protocols, and between soft forking consensus protocols and protocol changes in other protocols, that easily, (iii) plenty of people do believe that hyperbitcoinization as a goal. Oh by the way: https://twitter.com/tuurdemeestestatus/545993119599460353
27/ This kind of sophistry is exhausting and completely counter-productive, but it can be very convincing for an uninformed retail public.
Ok, go on.
28/ Let me share a few more inconvenient truths.
29/ In order to “guarantee” the transition to PoS’ utopia of perpetual income (staking coins earns interest), a “difficulty bomb” was embedded in the protocol, which supposedly would force miners to accept the transition.
The intended goal of the difficulty bomb was to prevent the protocol from ossifying, by ensuring that it has to hard fork eventually to reset the difficulty bomb, at which point the status quo bias in favor of not changing other protocol rules at the same time would be weaker. Though forcing a switch to PoS was definitely a key goal.
30/ Of course, nothing came of this, because anything in the ETH protocol can be hard-forked away. Another broken promise.
33/ The modular approach to Bitcoin seems to be much better at compartmentalizing risk, and thus reducing attack surfaces. I’ve written about modular scaling here...
To be fair, risk is reduced because Bitcoin does less.
34/ Another huge issue that Ethereum has is with scaling. By putting “everything on the blockchain” (which stores everything forever) and dubbing it “the world computer”, you are going to end up with a very slow and clogged up system.
We never advocated "putting everything on the blockchain". The phrase "world computer" was never meant to be interpreted as "everyone's personal desktop", but rather as a common platform specifically for the parts of applications that require consensus on shared state. As evidence of this, notice how Whisper and Swarm were part of the vision as complements to Ethereum right from the start.
35/ By now the Ethereum bloat is so bad that cheaply running an individual node is practically impossible for a lay person. ETH developers are also imploring people to not deploy more smart contract apps on its blockchain.
Tuur Demeester @TuurDemeester: But... deploying d-apps on the "Ethereum Virtual Machine" is exactly what everyone was encouraged to do for the past 4 years. Looks like on-chain scaling wasn't such a great idea after all.
Umm.... I just spun up a node from scratch last week. On a consumer laptop.
36/ As a result, and despite the claims that running a node in “warp” mode is easy and as good as a full node, Ethereum is becoming increasingly centralized.
37/ Another hollow claim: in 2016, Ethereum was promoted as being censorship resistant…
Tuur Demeester @TuurDemeester: Pre TheDAO #Ethereum presentation: "uncensorable, code is law, bottom up". http://ow.ly/qW49302Pp92
Yes, the DAO fork did violate the notion of absolute immutability. However, the "forking the DAO will lead to doom and gloom" crowd was very wrong in one key way: it did NOT work as a precedent justifying all sorts of further state interventions. The community clearly drew a line in the sand by firmly rejecting EIP 867, and EIP 999 seems to now also be going nowhere. So it seems like there's some evidence that the social contract of "moderately but not infinitely strong immutability" actually can be stable.
38/ Yet later that year, after only 6% of ETH holders had cast a vote, ETH core devs decided to endorse a hard-fork that clawed back the funds from a smart contract that held 4.5% of all ETH in circulation. More here: ...
Hudson Jameson @hudsonjameson: The "semi-closed" Ethereum 1.x meeting from last Friday was an experiment. The All Core Dev meeting this Friday will be recorded as usual.
Suppose I were to tomorrow sign up to work directly for Kim Jong Un. What concretely would happen to the Ethereum protocol? I suspect very little; I am mostly involved in the Serenity work, and the other researchers have proven very capable of both pushing the spec forward even without me and catching any mistakes with my work. So I don't think any argument involving me applies. And we ended up deciding not to do more semi-closed meetings.
40/ Another red flag to me is the apparent lack of relevant expertise in the ETH development community. (Check the responses…)
I personally am confident in the talents of our core researchers, and our community of academic partners. Most recently the latter group includes people from Starkware, Stanford CBR, IC3, and other groups.
I have no idea who described Lucius Meredith's work as being important for the Serenity roadmap.... oh and by the way, RChain is NOT an "Ethereum scaling company"
42/ Perhaps the recently added Gandalf of Ethereum, with his “Fellowship of Ethereum Magicians” [sic] can save the day, but imo that seems unlikely...
Honestly, I don't see why Ethereum Gandalf needs to save the day, because I don't see what is in danger and needs to be saved...
43/ This is becoming a long tweetstorm, so let’s wrap up with a few closing comments.
44/ Do I have a conflict of interest? ETH is a publicly available asset with no real barriers to entry, so I could easily get a stake. Also, having met Vitalik & other ETH founders several times in 2013-’14, it would have been doable for me to become part of the in-crowd.
Agree there. And BTW I generally think financial conflicts of interest are somewhat overrated; social conflicts/tribal biases are the bigger problem much of the time. Though those two kinds of misalignments do frequently overlap and reinforce each other so they're difficult to fully disentangle.
45/ Actually, I was initially excited about Ethereum’s smart contract work - this was before one of its many pivots.
Tuur Demeester @TuurDemeester: Ethereum is probably the first programming language I will teach myself - who wouldn't want the ability to program smart BTC contracts?
Ethereum was never about "smart BTC contracts"..... even "Ethereum as a Mastercoin-style meta-protocol" was intended to be built on top of Primecoin.
46/ Also, I have done my share of soul searching about whether I could be suffering from survivor’s bias.
47/ Here’s why Ethereum is dubious to me: rather than creating an open source project & testnet to work on these interesting computer science problems, its founders instead did a securities offering, involving many thousands of clueless retail investors.
48/ Investing in the Ethereum ICO was akin to buying shares in a startup that had “invent time travel” as part of its business plan. Imo it was a reckless security offering, and it set the tone for the terrible capital misallocation of the 2017 ICO boom.
Nothing in the ethereum roadmap requires time-travel-like technical advancements or anything remotely close to that. Proof: we basically have all the fundamental technical advancements we need at this point.
49/ In my view, Ethereum is the Yahoo of our day - an unscalable “blue chip” cryptocurrency:
Tuur Demeester @TuurDemeester: 1/ The DotCom bubble shows that the market isn't very good at valuing early stage technology. I'll use Google vs. Yahoo to illustrate.
XPM Community, Help restore XPM to it's well-deserved glory! Consider using Zapple.com as your platform for distributing and popularizing Primecoin. Miners and traders - We need you! Buyers are waiting! Support the "Prime Bitcoin" Cheers, S / EWMCI.info
Hi all, I was excited about the possibility of combining BOINC projects with cryptocurrency, which could result in magnitudes more computational power being contributed to important mathematical and scientific problems through the built-in economic incentivisation mechanisms of cryptocurrencies. I have been developing cryptocurrencies since 2013, and I think it may in fact be possible to do this. The first project of this kind was called Primecoin ( http://primecoin.io/ ) which economically incentivizes finding long Cunningham Chains. For several years, this project found some of the largest known cunningham chains. It would be exciting to see if cryptocurrency incentivisation can also be applied to BOINC project. For it to work, there are 2 requirements: 1) The mathematical problem must be divisible into smaller subproblems that can allow contributors of computational power to "prove" that they in fact contributed computational power to the BOINC project. 2) The solution to the smaller subproblems must be "easy to verify" by anyone. This means that it shouldn't take longer than a minute for a typical computer to verify that someone in fact did the "computational work" needed to get the solution to the smaller subproblem. (basically, the same concept as "proof of work" found in Bitcoin) Note: There is already a project called "Gridcoin" that contributes computational power directly to BOINC. However, Gridcoin requires a central party to verify that the computational work was actually done, so it is not a truly distributed cryptocurrency. This is why the 2 above requirements are important. Cryptocurrency can be combined with any mathematical or scientific problem, not just strictly pre-existing BOINC projects. If anybody has ideas, I'd love to hear your thoughts :)
A brief history of the 2013 market peak; why some alts really do die; and what would've happened if you'd given in to FOMO
This piece is a follow-up to my earlier piece, which looked at what would’ve happened if you’d purchased alt-coins shortly after the bottom of the 2013-2015 bear market. A lot of the constructive criticism that I received was that I was too bullish on alt-coins, and that the timing was too convenient. Although it’s fair to say that I am bullish on crypto in general and alt-coins in particular (with several major caveats for both), I agree that it’s important to not just focus on historical analyses where it’s fairly clear that you could have earned money. So, today’s research question is whether you’d still be underwater if you’d bought in to the market at or near the 2013 all-time high. All information cited herein comes from the historical charts available at CoinMarketCap. TL;DR: This worst-case scenario analysis shows that $300 invested equally across 15 of the 40 coins in existence near the market’s peak in 2013 would be worth only $429.95 today—gains which are entirely attributable to Bitcoin, Litecoin, and Ripple. This is basic, but it can be dangerous to buy high. This is especially true of alt-coins, but even the top three coins in our sample saw fairly lackluster results when bought at the top of the market. Finally, nothing in this post should be taken as investment advice. This is only intended as historical analysis. Past performance does not guarantee future returns. A Brief History of the 2013 Market Peak According to CoinMarketCap, the 2013 bull market peaked on December 4, 2013, at ~$15.87 billion in market capitalization.* Thereafter, the market crashed dramatically not once, but twice. In the first crash, which occurred between December 5-8, 2013, overall market cap fell by ~39% to ~$9.66 billion. Then, after a brief recovery to ~$13.57 billion on December 10th, the market fell precipitously, to ~$5.7 billion on December 18, 2013. Thus, over the course of only two weeks, from December 4-18, 2013, the market lost ~64% of its value. Although this was by no means the end of the 2013-2015 bear market--which lasted for approximately 17 months and saw an additional decline of ~45% from the December 18, 2013 low--this was the end of the beginning. What If I Bought Crypto Right as the 2013 Market Peaked? Generally, the first rule of trading is** that you want to buy low and sell high. As a result of their fear of missing out (“FOMO”), however, many people find themselves accidentally buying high. Today, I’m going to look at what would have happened to someone who bought their crypto right as the market was peaking. Ideally, I would run this experiment from December 4, 2013, but due to the limited data available from CoinMarketCap, I’m forced to choose between November 24th, December 1st, December 8th, and December 15th. Of those dates, I have selected December 1, 2013, because it represents the worst possible scenario for which I have data. On that date, total crypto market cap, which had hit a new high of ~$15.4 billion the day before, swung wildly between a high of ~$14.83 billion and a low of ~$12.18 billion. Unfortunately, it’s unclear exactly when CoinMarketCap’s snapshot was taken. That said, it’s clear that our hypothetical FOMO trader is about to lose his shirt over the next few weeks, so let’s dive into the specifics. On December 1, 2013, there were 40 coins listed on CoinMarketCap. I won’t list them all here, but of those 40, all but 11 are still listed as active on CoinMarketCap. The truly dead (or “inactive”) coins are BBQCoin (BQC; rank 16), Devcoin (DVC; rank 19), Tickets (TIX; rank 22), Copperlark (CLR; rank 24), StableCoin (SBC; rank 25), Luckycoin (LKY—ironic, I realize; rank 31), Franko (FRK; rank 34), Bytecoin (BTE; rank 35), Junkcoin (JKE—how apt; rank 36), CraftCoin (CRC; rank 39), and Colossuscoin (COL; rank 40).*** Now, since this post is already incredibly long, instead of testing all 40 coins, let’s take a decently-sized sample of five coins each from the top, middle, and bottom of the stack, and look at what happens. For the middle, although the temptation is to take decent alts, let’s fight that and take the group with the highest failure rate: ranks 21-25. So, here’s out pool:
Top Five: Bitcoin, Litecoin, Ripple, Peercoin, and Namecoin
Middle Five: Yacoin, Tickets, Ixcoin, Copperlark, and Stablecoin (ranks 21-25)
Bottom Five: Junkcoin, Argentum, Elacoin, CraftCoin, and Colossuscoin (ranks 36-40)
Now, here are how our sample of coins has performed as of when I write this:****
Bitcoin: Up from $1,083.14 to $6,957.99—a ~6.42x increase
Litecoin: Up from $39.77 to $117.43—a ~2.95x increase
Ripple: Up from $0.047034 to $0.527721—an ~11.22x increase
Peercoin: Down from $7.58 to $1.62—a ~78.6% loss
Namecoin: Down from $9.94 to $1.52—an 84.7% loss
So, if our hypothetical FOMO trader had invested $100 in our top-five sample near the 2013 peak, it would currently be worth $411.80 (the profitable coins) + $3.06 (PPC) + $4.27 (NMC) = $419.13—a 4.19x increase. Now for the two coins in the middle five that didn’t completely die:
Yacoin: Down from $0.311704 to $0.001025—a ~99.7% loss (Note: Since a $20 investment would only be worth a little over six cents, I’m calling this a total loss)
Ixcoin: Down from $0.146275 to 0.111126—a ~24% loss
So, if our hypothetical FOMO trader had invested $100 in our middle-five sample near the 2013 peak, it would currently be worth ~$15.19—an ~84.8% loss. Finally, here are the two coins from the bottom five that didn’t completely die:
Elacoin: Down from $10.95 to $0.212289—a ~98% loss (Note: since this is only worth about $0.39, I’m calling this a total loss)
Argentum: Down from $0.793038 to $0.117466—an ~85.2% loss.
So, excluding everything buy Argentum, if our hypothetical FOMO trader had invested $100 in our bottom-five sample near the 2013 peak, it would currently be worth ~$2.96—a ~97% loss. Putting it all together, $300 invested in this sample of 15 coins as close to the peak of the 2013 market as the data will let me get, would be worth $429.95—a disappointing, but not-unexpected ~30.2% increase over five years. That said, I’m honestly somewhat amazed our FOMO trader made anything at all on this basket of coins, considering how many of them failed. In any case, all of his gains came from the top-three coins from 2013: Bitcoin, Litecoin, and Ripple. Conclusions What’s the lesson here, what’s the takeaway?***** Most importantly, I think the above analysis shows that it can be very dangerous to buy alt-coins when the market is at or near an all-time high—a conclusion that appears to be true regardless of where the alt is positioned in the market. That said, there are a few caveats: (1) this sample was intentionally bad, in order to reflect a worst-case scenario; (2) even buying the top-three coins at the all-time high didn’t net our FOMO trader particularly large gains when compared to someone who bought these same coins after the crash. Therefore, I think that the most important lesson here is not to buy high in the first place. Investing solely because of FOMO will probably cause you to lose money, unless you have invested equally in a broad range of cryptocurrencies, like the trader in our hypothetical. Even then, however, our FOMO trader probably would have done better investing in an S&P Index fund over the same period. Endnotes *This is a correction to my earlier piece, in which I stated that the cryptocurrency market peaked on November 30, 2013, at a total market capitalization of ~$15.2 billion. I made this error due to having failed to narrow the date range of the chart so I could properly zoon in. That said, the exact details of the market peak don’t affect the conclusions from my last piece, which considered trades made after the market had bottomed out. ** …you do not talk about trading. Wait, that’s the wrong rulebook. *** Since I already typed it out, here’s the list of remaining active coins, in descending order: Bitcoin (BTC), Litecoin (LTC), Ripple (XRP), Peercoin (PPC), Namecoin (NMC), Megacoin (MEC), Feathercoin (FTC), WorldCoin (WDC), Primecoin (XPM), Freicoin (FRC), Novacoin (NVC), Zetacoin (ZET), Infinitecoin (IFC), Terracoin (TRC), Crypto Bullion (CBX), Anoncoin (ANC), Digitalcoin (DGC), GoldCoin (GLD), Yacoin (YAC), Ixcoin (IXC), Fastcoin (FST), BitBar (BTB), Mincoin (MNC), Tagcoin (TAG), FlorinCoin (FLO), I0Coin (I0C), Phoenixcoin (PXC), Argentum (ARG), Elacoin (ELC) **** I know that we could have sold them sooner, and probably for more money, but let’s just assume that our hypothetical FOMO trader was a founding member of the #hodlgang. ;-) ***** Don’t mess with Maui when he’s on a breakaway! You’re welcome. ;-) Disclosures: I have previous held Litecoin, and currently hold approximately $140 of Ripple. I do not believe this influenced my analysis in any way. I have never bought or held any of the other coins discussed in this analysis. Edits: Formatting, typos, minor clarifications.
I cannot find any reference to the source of the quotes in this article. https://coinjournal.net/vitalik-buterin-early-versions-ethereum-supposed-launch-bitcoin/ “The very earliest versions of ETH protocol were a counterparty-style metacoin on top of primecoin. Not Bitcoin because the OP_RETURN wars were happening at the time and given what certain core developers were saying at the time, I was scared that protocol rules would change under me (eg. by banning certain ways to encode data in txs) to make it harder, and I did not want to build on a base protocol whose development team would be at war with me,” said Buterin. and “So I think it’s fair to say that this willingness to compromise protocol immutability to achieve a desired outcome in a particular application (hmm, sound familiar?) made ETH on BTC even then a nonstarter. That said, perhaps they did a service. Back then I never would have imagined that fees would ever be allowed to rise above $0.20.”
Result from going through 100's of cryptocurrency projects on bitcointalk.org.
I will be the first person to tell you that I am not an "expert" and this is not financial advise. What I am sharing with you is some information based on my experience in the cryptocurrency world. It should be taken with an open, yet skeptical mind (As with anything you read). There will be somethings included that might not be relevant to what you are looking for or desire. I will not go into a lot of details on things you may not need to know. My goal is to educate people and to share my knowledge. Not every project I picked has made it big. But, they are still around and kicking. I am never really in a rush to give my money to someone else- in hope for profits. I take my time, and I research. However, in the past several days, I had a very full plate. With so many projects, I had to come up with a system to filter through them at a reasonable speed. If you are investing in one project, it is worth spending A LOT of time researching it. You want to be confident that when you hand your money over to that project, that it is in the best hands for a LONG period of time. If not, you will NOT be at ease in the long term. My approach: With over over 10,000 cryptocurrency projects listed on bitcointalk.org, I needed to come up with a plan on how to get through them in a timely manner. First, I came up with some parameters. Which means I had an idea on what I was looking for. It's similar to looking for a girl you think you want. You want to find one that fit your taste. Maybe she is 5'5, 130 lbs, blonde hair, green eyes, big titties, nice ass, out-going personality, had 0 kids, never married, wants kids, and has a great relationship with her parents. The particulars details matter when choosing a long term partner. Well, let's say you needed to pick your ideal girl out of 10,000"girls" in one venue in a matter of days. The easiest attribute to start out with is height. You can eyeball a girl who is around 5'5. To be efficient, you wouldn't go up to each girl and measure how tall she is with a tape measure. It would be better to just walk around the room, and pick out which ones that appeared to be that height, and put them to the side to come back to later. Next would be the hair. Easy to spot a girl with blonde hair. After a while of going around the room full of women, you begin getting really fast at picking the right height and hair color of girl you want. But you still have more attributes that you need to get to. As with these projects, you have now narrowed down the list, but still have so much to go. The picked projects appealed to you at a glance. A glance doesn't mean thorough. (The cons of this approach: there will surely be some girls (or projects) that slip through the cracks. Maybe you missed a 5'5 girl because she was bending down to pick something up, or you missed a blond girl because she was wearing a hat. This is bound to happen, and is nearly unavoidable when going through so many projects in a short period of time. The chosen projects have a at least ONE developer, a working product, etc. Next, you need to research the team and the motivations. Are they really interested in this project or are they just doing it for the money? Is the product REALLY working or is it a clone, or a prototype? These are just a few things that need to be investigated. There are many people who are after a quick buck. Personally, I don't think there is anything wrong with making money when an opportunity presents itself. If you can easily help someone and make money, that is a win-win. However, as I mention earlier, I am looking for projects that will last for years. So, I do my best to avoid fly by night outfits. And there are plenty. Once you have narrowed down your list of projects, you will likely have only a handful that appeared to match your criteria. At this point, it is time to dive even deeper into the project. You need to make sure that blonde is REALLY a blonde, and not a wig or colored. Don't just ask her, touch it, pull it; meaning try out the working product. Check it out, it is free. If you don't like, ask if there is
anything that is going to be done to fix it in the future.
My tools: My best tool is my common sense, and yours too. If something looks TOO good, it probably is. With today's information being at our finger tips, it is EASY to post questions to forums, and channels to have your question addressed. Don't be afraid to call a spade a spade. You may be wrong, or you ay be right. But ask regardless This is your money and you want to sleep easy at night. My preferences: In my book, I go in depth about MY preferences when choosing a product to invest in. I mention the pros and cons to everything. It is up to you to decide what is important for you. As I mentioned earlier- you and I are different. You may be looking for short term whereas I am looking for long term. You will develop a preference after spending time looking at the first 30 or so projects. You'll begin noticing red flags immediately; you'll be able to identify the crazy girl in an instant. You know which questions to ask. Here is a tip: Ask questions about the project in the most popular place where everyone can see. Why? Because you want answers and it is your money. Nothing to be shy or embarrassed about. If people make fun of your question, who cares? And you can ask it in multiple locations, just to make sure YOU understand. And many communities will welcome this and others won't. Who cares? With all that being said, I will list some of my **preliminary results. I will like to take the opportunity tell you the way they have been graded. When initially picking out the project, I would grade everything across the board. This took up too much time. It would have taken me months that way. Then, I switch to nearly a binary grading scale. Yes or No, If No, don't even add them to my chart. If Yes, was it a Super Yes or a maybe- need more research. Some would get a B, C, or D. I wouldn't even add an 'F' to my list at first. The F's were cause by being added then realizing the project was worthless to me. ("Dude looks like a lady" comes to mind) **'A' meaning super good. 'F' meaning fuck off** Then, when going back through the B's, they would be either upgraded or downgraded, likely to an A or D. Same with the C's. At one point, I was putting nearly all qualifying projects as a C, only to come back later and drop it down or raise it up. I was able to get through hundreds of projects this way. There were a couple A's that turned to C's. All In all, after going through probably over 1000 projects, I actually ended up adding ~150 projects. Out of those 150, most ended up as C's, D's, and F's. I was left with only a handful of TRUE A's. The B's were the toughest. It was either YES or NO for the B's. In the name of not shilling, I won't list any A's. In the name of rewarding you for taking the time to read this, I will release some of my preliminary results. If you want my thoughts on any particular project, let me know. If you disagree with a grade, please let me know why. Or ask why I gave it that grade. There are filled I intentionally left out, as to not flood this post with too much info.
R to V ratio
Clearness of announcement
Problem the coin is solving
Year of creation
Overall Grade (worth keeping an eye on?)
High (1 million +)
Coin Name DERO Internet of People Dash Lisk WAVES BYTEBALL SIA HunterCoin Pascal Coin Nexus Zcoin Litecoin SpreadCoin Groestlcoin NIMIQ bitchute Loki Webdollar swingcoin TAU Elastos Blur Aquachain IoTeX NEM Ethereum Bitcore- BTX Vertcoin verge CLOAK DECRED Ethereum Classic FACTOM DubaiCoin POPULOUS WORLD Riecoin AEON BLOCKNET GEOCOIN Horizen Primecoin elastic UBIQ RavenCoin stellar Bitcoin Gold safex NIX Masari webchain joulecoin Zettelkasten sexeleven coin Ryo Project Bitmark Prototanium Bela BLOC DEFT ZillionCoin Binarium Sale Live DigitalNote [XDN] ZeroClassic NEXO ICONOMI Mintcoin NAV COIN IOTA ARK BitcoinDark PIVX ELECTRONEUM SHIFT Semux Anoncoin Crown TheHempCoin YENTEN ColossusXT Syscoin Innova BitcoinZ Stellite Mismuth Dagger storj LitecoinCash fastcoin Karbo SecureCoin Bitbar Haven Protocol campuscoin Crave EarthCoin HyperQuant whitelist nuls Flake Chain Goldiam rchain Mixin Network Asterioncoin Deimos Stratis Minexcoin Decent Zeit KOMODO NobleCoin BitcoinPrivate guncoin Nucleon Waves Monero XCurrency Masari NEM DeepOnion ONION QLC Chain DeepOnion TOR Blacknet ROI Coin Arionum WAVI webchain SkeinCoin Crypto- cto motocoin Haven Ethos CLAMs geocoin Decred cryply (CRP) AXIOM htmlcoin html5coin soldo ArabianChain I have already graded these coins and more. If you don't see your coin, it either didn't make it on initially, or I removed it because more research was needed (it might have received an "A")
Bitcoin is falling, again, here is why it really doesn't matter.
I've been monitoring /Bitcoin for several months now, watching, speculating, and slowly collecting coins. To date I've purchased or mined Bitcoin, Litecoin, Peercoin, Ripple and Primecoin. Selling off some over time, and putting some personal wins up on the board. I see two major camps here. In the first camp are the folks attracted to 'quick money', they are excited for Bitcoin and hope to time the market, making a quick 5-10x. These are the folks that you see selling right now. You can't blame them, these folks are making (in many cases) life changing money, paying down/off cars, houses, etc. The second camp are what I consider to be the true believers. Those of us that understand that Bitcoin has the potential to change money forever. If you believe that a decentralized digital currency, free from government corruption and controlled by the masses is the future - then you're in this camp. This is no easy road, there are going to be sell-offs, attempted regulation, and major unforeseen disasters. It's not for the faint of heart. We could and probably will lose everything, but IF we pull this off, the results will be unlike anything we've ever seen. I'm printing out my wallets and putting them into cold storage. This sell-off (for me) doesn't matter, is all part of the long bumpy road we must travel. For better or worse I'm in this for the long haul.
Disclosure: The post does not constitute investment advice. By day I'm a Venture Capitalist at Google Ventures. Through Google Ventures I've invested in OpenCoin & ButterCoin. All coin purchases and mining have been done personally.
ULTIMATE CRYPTO FAUCET LIST - Abraham Lincoln and a cool list of cryptocurrency faucets for you and your shibe.
Four score and a couple of months ago a few crypto-faucet winners and losers popped up in my browser... SOME WERE THE BEST HOT DAMN FREE BITCOIN FAUCETS that a person could find and well some were not as fast...During the last decade the worlds developers and programmers brought forth on this planet the crypto-faucet in many different forms. Are all faucets created equal? They are not... Alright I know this isn't the Gettysburg address but who doesn't love Lincoln? Here I have compiled The best Fun and Profitable Cryptocoin Faucet List for you. If you like this list you may use it to sign up for these great faucets and claim Bitcoin as well as many different Altcoins. These are referral links so I might get some fantastic referrals like you in exchange for creating this hopefully useful list. One thing you will need is patience, if you are going to try to get some bitcoins or altcoins for free. it's not really free basically you are being given a very tiny amount of crypto-currency for watching internet advertising or for competing in games or challenges. There are also places you can get paid in Cryptocurrency for completing surveys or doing small tasks. As with anything on the internet you use these at your own risk and do be careful out there in faucet land. Some of these pages have third party advertisers that will have some pretty crazy s**t pop up on you. If you do want to go wandering around in faucet land, Here are some of my favourite bitcoin and altcoin faucets; These are a few of the best i've found for Bitcoin! FREE BITCO.IN - this one pays out daily interest once you have a high enough balance The next seven faucets listed are for COINPOT a handy collector for your faucet claims. They payout quite quickly once you reach minimums. MOON BITCOIN BITFUN BONUS BITCOIN: HINT; this one is great on it's own but it's even better if you find the settings and always claim the average amount! Unless you hit the jackpot this will always bring you more coins over the long run. If you prefer Altcoin faucets these are very wOw! <3 MOON BITCOIN CASH MOON LITECOIN MOON DASH MOON DOGE! MEGA WOW! MUCH SHIBE THANKS! WOW wow WOW MORE DOGE AT FREEDOGE COIN BYTECOIN: tHe recently PINK CRYPTO Here is a site that GETS BONUS POINTS for having a funny name You can claim bitcoin quite often but it takes a long time to reach the threshold unless you have referrals. That's where you come in my friend please help me out and become a referral. Thank you very much! :-) BITCOINKER! - update NOT PAYING as of July 2019 site admin please pay up! Or another site you will need much patience to get a little EtherEum; eThErEuM FAUCET There are some sites that have games! and pay a little bit of coins for hanging out and playing some games. cool. CHOPCOIN BITFUN LOOTBITS! reviews not good probably scam - If you like to claim quite a bit,do surveys, or get free coins through chat you might want to try: FAUCETHUB They give away quite a bit of free Potcoin (POT) as well as other coins such as DOGE and PRIMECOIN If you like Faucethub and it's owner (s)he has another site that pays you for shortening your links: BTC-LINK SHORTENER And this strange little crypto-game(?) is the one featured in the image for this post. While you can deposit to make the 'game' go faster you can also play for free and have the option of earning coins in other ways. WEIRD LITTLE CRYPTO FARM GAME - - after "researching" this one it is probably a "loser" based on reviews found on various forums. That said I'm hangin' in there for now to see what happens. CLOUD MINE FOR FREE - ON EOBOT if you are so inclined. You will need to either claim from their faucet everyday and put it into GHS rental or transfer funds from other faucets to get started just message me here if you are having trouble. This faucet claiming and "cloud mining" is all very experimental and profits are very small. At the end of the day; PERHAPS IT IS BETTER JUST TO OUTRIGHT BUY COINS - Through this exchange BINANCE Who knows if anyone is really making much on this stuff or not. Join one or join them all the more the merrier. So that's the list. I hope all you faucet seekers or curious browsers find it useful and or interesting. Good luck out there and if you have any questions about any of them please feel free to message me. All the best in your search for freedom and equality! *don't forget to upvote!
Hi all, I was excited about the possibility of combining BOINC projects with cryptocurrency, which could result in magnitudes more computational power being contributed to important mathematical and scientific problems through the built-in economic incentivisation mechanisms of cryptocurrencies. I have been developing cryptocurrencies since 2013, and I think it may in fact be possible to do this. The first project of this kind was called Primecoin ( http://primecoin.io/ ) which economically incentivizes finding long Cunningham Chains. For several years, this project found some of the largest known cunningham chains. It would be exciting to see if cryptocurrency incentivisation can also be applied to BOINC project. For it to work, there are 2 requirements: 1) The mathematical problem must be divisible into smaller subproblems that can allow contributors of computational power to "prove" that they in fact contributed computational power to the BOINC project. 2) The solution to the smaller subproblems must be "easy to verify" by anyone. This means that it shouldn't take longer than a minute for a typical computer to verify that someone in fact did the "computational work" needed to get the solution to the smaller subproblem. (basically, the same concept as "proof of work" found in Bitcoin) Note: There is already a project called "Gridcoin" that contributes computational power directly to BOINC. However, Gridcoin requires a central party to verify that the computational work was actually done, so it is not a truly distributed cryptocurrency. This is why the 2 above requirements are important. Cryptocurrency can be combined with any mathematical or scientific problem, not just strictly pre-existing BOINC projects. If anybody has ideas, I'd love to hear your thoughts :) Ryan
Here Are The Grades (or Ratings) of Over 100 Cryptocurrency Projects
Here are the results of over 100 cryptocurrency projects. In the end, the project either made it or it didn't. That means that if the projects was NOT an A, it simply didn't make the cut. This scale can be misleading because one project may have been rated a C and a "better one" could have a D. This could happen because a project may have initially started out as a B and then after some more research, it could have been downgraded to a D. While a C could have remained a C because it was already low on the list. I did not include A's and B's for a couple reasons. The primary reason is that I don't want to be called a shill for no reason. If you don't see your coin on here, it could mean I never came across it, it wasn't worth putting on my list, or because I graded it an A. If you have any questions about a particular project, or want to know why I graded a coin the way I did, let me know. In the end, it will always boiled down to how you feel about a project. Time and time again I came across big talk, dream sellers, with nothing to back it up.
Overall Grade (worth keeping an eye on?)
C Ethereum has A LOT of issues. POW but soon POS? No cap what-so-ever. Too many issues. Mine it then sell it.
Thus primecoin network is energy-multiuse, compared to bitcoin. Learn More. Value Behind Primecoin. Primecoin network searches for special prime number chains known as Cunningham chains and bi-twin chains. The distribution of these prime chains are not well-understood currently as even for its simplest case twin primes their infinite existence is not proven. Learn More. Price; Market cap ... Financial Institutions The crypto prime brokerage platform. The turnkey solution for brokerages, exchanges, and fintechs. All of the tools you need to easily offer your customers crypto. Primecoin Preis (XPM). Preisdiagramm, Handelsvolumen, Marktkapitalisierung und mehr. Entdecken Sie neue Kryptowährungen, die Sie Ihrem Portfolio hinzufügen können. Best Bitcoin Investment site, Grow Your Bitcoin with Us. The company was created by a group of qualified experts, professional bankers, traders and analysts who specialized in the stock, bond, futures, currencies, gold, silver and oil trading with having more than ten years of extensive practical experiences of combined personal skills, knowledge, talents and collective ambitions for... Primecoin's proof-of-work is an innovative design based on searching for prime number chains, providing potential scientific value in addition to minting and security for the network. Similar to Bitcoin, Primecoin enables instant payments to anyone, anywhere in the world. It also uses peer-to-peer technology to operate with no central authority: managing transactions and issuing money are ...
This video is unavailable. Watch Queue Queue. Watch Queue Queue This video is unavailable. Watch Queue Queue Receba Primecoin de 5 em 5 minutos! Primecoin Link: http://bit.ly/2CY1UxD Receba Primecoin de 1 em 1 hora! XPM-Faucet: http://bit.ly/2ojG1yz Visite nosso blo... Therefore primecoin network is energy-multiuse, contrasted to bitcoin network. Primecoin is created to maintain a thriving mining market as well as high degree of safety and security, while ... Experience and thoughts on this cryptocurrency to share with other users. Shovel.io wants to provide personal experiences for current users or those curious about investing in cryptocurrency ...