How much CPU time is needed to mine 1 bitcoin? - Quora

Digital Currency for a Digital Age

[Digitalcoin](http://digitalcoin.tech/) is a diligently maintained cryptocurrency intent on market stability, making it ideal for commerce and saving. Possible changes to Digitalcoin's parameters can be implemented upon community rule.
[link]

Hey guys, I've spend quite some time working on a Bitcoin mining guide that provides a broad overview and explanation of Bitcoin mining while still explaining it simply enough for the average person to understand what it is. I'd appreciate it if you check it out!

Hey guys, I've spend quite some time working on a Bitcoin mining guide that provides a broad overview and explanation of Bitcoin mining while still explaining it simply enough for the average person to understand what it is. I'd appreciate it if you check it out! submitted by busterroni to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Can someone simply explain to me how much time it takes to mine a bitcoin on average with a normal computer?

Does it take 1 day or 1 week on average? How much does being part of a mining group reduce it? I am seeing technical terms on websites that I don't get. I also understand that this rate changes. But what is the expected time right now? And the prices reaching 200 USD right now can it be feasable to buy computers just to do this?
submitted by torama to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Why I’m Bullish on Yield Farming Ahead of the Eth 2.0 Launch

Hello everyone! I noticed that the hype around yield farming and DEX protocols kinda died down and that people focus more on NFTs and artwork-based projects like Rarible. I figured it would be great to (shortly) explain why yield farming lost its popularity and why they will have a comeback ahead of the new ETH 2.0 launch.
If you’re not new here, you know how the DeFi market evolved in the past months. We had a surge of yield farming (liquidity providing) platforms that were hyped at the very beginning but lost a majority of their users real fast, sometimes only days after launching.
I believe that most people were disappointed by this sort of mini speculative bubble and the fact that most projects had devs who rug pulled. Combined with the fact that Ethereum had high network congestion at several points in September and October, traders simply decided to prevent further losses and leave this niche place LP once and for all.
Don’t get me wrong, there are still plenty of yield farming projects that people use and it’s not like people stopped token swapping on Uniswap or anything. Ethereum also calmed down a lot now and the average transaction costs only like what, 80 gwei? But still, I think that people are pretty much aware that if another hype cycle started, the very same pattern would repeat again.
My take on this is that yield farming will regain its popularity in December around the time Ethereum 2.0 launches with its first phase and a lot of scaling solutions like Optimistic launch. If everything runs smoothly, we should have the building blocks for resuming the DeFi bull run and turning yield farming stable, rewarding, and popular once more.
Sure, Ethereum is only launching a small network upgrade that will run side-by-side with the original network, so we won’t see any technical changes anytime soon. But I really believe that ETH 2.0, along with other scaling solutions, will bring back trust and show that there is indeed a bright future for blockchain-based technology ahead of us. And in that future, Proof-of-Stake and liquidity providing will be the modern mining equivalent of running a Bitcoin farm in 2011.
One thing that I’m worried about is that enthusiasts, traders, and investors will still fall for the same projects that promise too much and deliver little. We saw numerous projects that were regarded as reputable in the beginning collapse within a week, like SushiSwap. But at the same time, my line of thinking is that projects that focus on development and spend minimal time on marketing will surface to the top in the end.
For example, while everyone was using Uniswap to swap tokens and provide liquidity, I was doing the same exact thing but cheaper on Anyswap. It is kinda funny since people boast that they earned $1200 through the UNI airdrop but I know for a fact that they spent way more on fees. And guess what? I didn’t even break a $100 threshold in the last three months while using Anyswap. I’m not trying to bash Uniswap here, but all I’m saying is that we already have scalable solutions now but people are too scared to introduce new changes in their lives.
I’m not here to market you anything. I just want to show you that even today, in October 2020, you can discover scalable and rewarding projects that simply work. Find any developer team that works all the time and doesn’t have the time to brag and you’ll know you’re on the right road! Last time I checked, the Anyswap team revealed that the average APY return for their yield farming pools ranges between 100% to 900%. When I asked my crypto friends if they know about this, I found that none of them even heard of Anyswap.
DYOR and find out about the project on your own. I promise that reading about Anyswap and the blockchain it’s based on (Fusion) will be worth the time.
submitted by cryptomir to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

The underrated stock survey: one month in on /r/investing investing prowess

Following my post from last month (https://www.reddit.com/investing/comments/i2thge/), please see below for an update on how everyone's picks are doing one month in.
Key takeaways:
  1. 253 picks are still active and being tracked
  2. Overall average return of -1.27%, with an equal weighted return of -1.25%
  3. Highest returning pick: Pacific Ethanol (PEIX), a COVID play made by adamtejot for +78%
  4. If you invested in the top 5 most upvoted stocks (NET, CRSP, STNE, NVDA, NOK), you would have seen a return of -8.9%
  5. If you invested in the top 5 most controversial stocks (TSLA, WD, AMD, LMND, UBER), you would have seen a return of 0.0%
  6. The top 10 gainers in order (PEIS, FMCI, TUP, BABYF, GME, WELL, CVAC, WKHS, KEFI, NIO) provided an average equal weighted return of ~49%
For a full list of performance as of NOON EST, see below:
ID Company Symbol Provided by Upvotes 8/7/2020 9/11/2020 Increase
121 Pacific Ethanol Inc PEIX adamtejot 1 $2.69 $4.78 78%
90 FORUM MERGER II/SH CL A FMCI Mug_of_coffee 3 $14.53 $25.38 75%
38 Tupperware Brands Corporation TUP Scumbaggedfriends 1 $14.98 $23.89 59%
218 Else Nutrition Holdings Inc BABYF PringlesAreUs 1 $1.36 $2.06 51%
115 GameStop Corp. GME EmployerOfTheMonth 2 $4.16 $6.12 47%
192 WELL Health Technologies Corp TSE:WELL Unlucky-Prize, IcemanVish 2 $4.49 $6.33 41%
157 Workhorse Group Inc WKHS VisionsDB 5 $16.52 $23.06 40%
16 CureVac CVAC Tangerinho 8 $55.90 $77.20 38%
158 KEFI Gold and Copper Plc LON:KEFI Scipio-Africannabis- 1 $1.88 $2.58 37%
69 Nio Inc - ADR NIO makesalotofmoney, Carrera_GT, Charlie Brown364 3 $13.42 $17.90 33%
144 Kaleyra Inc KLR souptrades 1 $5.87 $7.75 32%
237 Pelaton PTON loosetingles 1 $68.30 $89.44 31%
245 Paradox Interactive AB (publ) OTCMKTS:PRXXF I_worship_odin 1 $24.30 $31.70 30%
80 UTZ BRANDS INC/SH CL A NV UTZ RIC_FLAIR-WOOO 5 $13.84 $17.76 28%
194 10X Genomics Inc TXG Unlucky-Prize 1 $96.13 $123.17 28%
26 Tesla Inc TSLA Skurinator, goldcakes, redmars1234, Drortmeyer2017 3 $290.54 $371.75 28%
78 Travelcenters of America Inc TA jk_tilt 1 $17.27 $21.75 26%
185 Draftkings Inc DKNG boomshalock 1 $34.09 $42.80 26%
233 Mamamancini's Holdings Inc MMMB Jayesslee 1 $1.70 $2.10 24%
225 SPARTAN ENERGY /SH SPAQ bigsexy12 1 $12.36 $15.21 23%
214 Inspire Medical Systems Inc INSP JPINFV2 1 $104.92 $128.80 23%
51 SmileDirectClub Inc SDC meeni131 3 $9.05 $11.06 22%
60 Sunrun Inc RUN FactualNeutronStar 2 $46.00 $56.11 22%
101 Immunovia AB (publ) IMMNOV jennyther 3 $161.60 $197.00 22%
188 Penn National Gaming, Inc PENN Calpool 1 $49.00 $59.72 22%
213 Sibanye Stillwater Ltd SBSW marqui4me 1 $11.39 $13.74 21%
248 Six Flags Entertainment Corp SIX EthosPathosLegos 1 $18.38 $22.17 21%
232 Xpel Inc XPEL Bkazzle 1 $20.06 $24.16 20%
149 Planet 13 Holdings Inc PLNHF MMatter1 3 $2.67 $3.20 20%
71 InVitae Corp NVTA emtvaikkajoku, CrackHeadRodeo 6 $28.43 $33.28 17%
179 Millicom International Cellular SA(SWE) STO:TIGO-SDB joseph460 1 $245.50 $287.00 17%
48 Proto Labs Inc PRLB JEesSs 3 $130.13 $150.38 16%
22 Air Canada TSE:AC priamXus 0 $15.73 $18.02 15%
159 General Motors Company GM Buttershine_Beta -1 $26.72 $30.51 14%
148 Peabody Energy Corporation BTU aviatoraway1 0 $2.52 $2.84 13%
199 Redfin Corp RDFN shreddit47 8 $43.69 $49.15 12%
146 CBS Corporation Common Stock VIAC 1987supertramp 1 $26.21 $29.46 12%
109 Canadian Solar Inc. CSIQ MrMineHeads, vvv561 6 $25.32 $28.40 12%
169 Target Corporation TGT Kosher-Bacon 1 $131.75 $147.67 12%
41 Uber Technologies Inc Uber DukeBD2021 -1 $32.90 $36.72 12%
95 CEL-SCI Corporation CVM Golden_Pineapple 1 $12.19 $13.51 11%
55 Hikma Pharmaceuticals Plc HKMPF Marvins-Room 1 $31.08 $34.38 11%
17 Ally Financial Inc ALLY jcurtis44 1 $21.47 $23.71 10%
173 SiTime Corp SITM drbh_ 1 $58.92 $64.80 10%
190 Otonomy Inc OTIC Unlucky-Prize 1 $3.56 $3.90 10%
13 NVIDIA Corporation NVDA TBSchemer, friedtea15 66 $447.98 $490.43 9%
72 Sea Ltd SE scatterblodded, tradeintel828384839, thug_funnie, Meymo 16 $129.00 $141.21 9%
243 Trulieve Cannabis Corp TCNNF grphelps1, Cucumber_Cooling 2 $18.83 $20.49 9%
73 Digital Turbine Inc APPS toop4 6 $22.59 $24.51 8%
70 Alibaba Group Holding Ltd - ADR BABA helio987, ScreeMart, Necessary_Club_6714 -1 $252.10 $271.66 8%
206 RENAULT S A/ADR RNLSY jw8700 1 $5.33 $5.74 8%
234 Great Panther Mining Ltd GPL Tony0x01 1 $0.93 $1.00 8%
77 Inmode Ltd INMD meta-cognizant, craneman813 4 $31.77 $34.15 7%
97 Magnachip Semiconductor Corp MX samtony234 1 $12.08 $12.97 7%
79 Maverix Metals Inc MMX AwesomeMathUse 1 $4.61 $4.93 7%
145 Edwards Lifesciences Corp EW TheTubbyOlive 1 $76.94 $82.17 7%
250 PROSHARES TULTRA MSCI JAPAN EZJ Necessary_Club_6714 1 $32.13 $34.31 7%
98 Games Workshop Group PLC OTCMKTS:GMWKF MAUSECOP, Thenattylimit 2 $120.95 $129.15 7%
123 Innovative Industrial Properties Inc IIPR Dalis_Ktm 1 $114.63 $122.40 7%
167 Walmart Inc WMT anthonyjh21 6 $129.97 $137.78 6%
227 Cameco Corp CCJ jh4962772, Commandobolt, 3STmotivation 13 $10.37 $10.99 6%
18 Toronto-Dominion Bank TD robbierox123 0 $45.77 $48.26 5%
124 New Relic Inc NEWR Dalis_Ktm 1 $53.62 $56.52 5%
114 Brainstorm Cell Therapeutics Inc BCLI BigSexyTolo 2 $12.79 $13.47 5%
138 GLB X FUNDS/HEALTH & WELLNESS T BFIT Venhuizer 2 $20.69 $21.76 5%
45 Best Buy Co Inc BBY 1madeamistake 2 $102.90 $107.74 5%
193 Ventas, Inc. VTR Unlucky-Prize 1 $41.52 $43.43 5%
29 Berkshire Hathaway Inc. Class B BRK.B Jeroen_Jrn, Cuza 31 $209.48 $218.92 5%
215 ServiceNow Inc NOW cookingboy 1 $431.21 $450.52 4%
86 Essent Group Ltd ESNT veggie-man 1 $35.82 $37.39 4%
254 Nuance Communications Inc. NUAN IwantmyMTZ 1 $29.48 $30.77 4%
198 NVR, Inc. NVR Linnake 1 $3,875.01 $4,036.96 4%
1 StoneCo Ltd STNE GromGrommeta 73 $49.06 $51.07 4%
43 Plug Power Inc PLUG lukwas_ 4 $11.28 $11.72 4%
35 Beyond Meat Inc BYND Kreisensalat, _Flipside_ 8 $131.51 $136.50 4%
134 Intel Corporation INTC ionlypwn, TitanCrasher54, niknikniknikniknik1 5 $48.03 $49.85 4%
252 INVESCO EXCHANG/SOLAR ETF TAN z74al 2 $51.20 $52.99 3%
208 Blackline Inc BL veebeew 2 $79.26 $81.95 3%
117 Altria Group Inc MO ARGENT_UM_PUR, gm14202 1 $42.17 $43.58 3%
164 Intuitive Surgical, Inc. ISRG swalloforswallo 2 $685.85 $708.14 3%
83 Taal Distributed Information Techs Inc TAAL AwesomeMathUse 1 $1.85 $1.91 3%
19 Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ALXN fisk47 39 $103.28 $106.62 3%
75 Boston Beer Company Inc SAM Top_Island 2 $825.79 $850.00 3%
228 ISHARES TGLB CLEAN ENERGY ET ICLN drheman25Q 1 $15.88 $16.28 3%
87 Pershing Square Tontine Holdings, Ltd NYSE:PSTH-UN 5_yr_lurker 7 $21.08 $21.60 2%
30 Walt Disney Co DIS jadenmc2189, biz_student 6 $129.93 $133.00 2%
211 NESTLE S A/S ADR NSRGY suburban_robot 1 $118.47 $121.20 2%
186 Golden Minerals Co AUMN YEEEEEAAAAA 1 $0.44 $0.45 2%
102 Tandem Diabetes Care Inc TNDM liao24 1 $104.15 $106.48 2%
135 Veeva Systems Inc VEEV JohnSpartans 3 $261.22 $266.74 2%
231 Simulations Plus, Inc. SLP hellohi3 1 $65.83 $67.11 2%
92 Brookfield Asset Management Inc BAM duongroi, Avaronah 2 $32.32 $32.91 2%
127 Naspers Limited NPSNY Demandredz 1 $34.60 $35.19 2%
129 Aphria Inc APHA Aprhria, Bdghablig 1 $4.47 $4.54 2%
171 JPMorgan Chase & Co. JPM wrs97 1 $99.38 $100.86 1%
40 Spirit Airlines Incorporated SAVE Matous_Palecek 0 $17.28 $17.53 1%
240 Westinghouse Air Brake Technologies Corp WAB warman506 1 $67.23 $68.18 1%
204 Cardlytics Inc CDLX whossayn, YarManYak 2 $66.28 $67.21 1%
216 Kirkland Lake Gold Ltd KL New_username_ 1 $52.58 $53.30 1%
244 Axon Enterprise Inc AAXN ansofteng 1 $83.88 $84.93 1%
32 Realty Income Corp O bushysmalls 5 $62.72 $63.44 1%
42 Wizz Air Holdings PLC WIZZ Matous_Palecek 2 $3,412.00 $3,443.23 1%
170 Morgan Stanley MS wrs97 1 $50.35 $50.80 1%
126 GLB X FUNDS/VIDEO GAMES & ESPORTS E HERO sgtyzi 1 $26.00 $26.23 1%
119 Apple Inc. AAPL tcldstnvdw -1 $27.78 $112.00 1%
63 Livongo Health Inc LVGO staniel_diverson, Raybay192, Drifter 1996, moveitover 22 $120.88 $121.80 1%
181 NCR Corporation NCR IAMBEOWULFF, fistymonkey1337 4 $20.11 $20.23 1%
74 CD PROJEKT S A/ADR OTGLY Thtb 8 $28.50 $28.67 1%
56 Zoetis Inc ZTS BearBearChooey 19 $158.88 $159.53 0%
93 Federal National Mortgage Association FNMA figbuilding, onkel_axel 2 $2.12 $2.12 0%
31 Pharmacyte Biotech Inc PMCB DillieTheSquid 0 $0.01 $0.01 0%
172 VMware, Inc. VMW kingbrow2020 1 $142.31 $142.30 0%
47 Pinterest Inc PINS EthanPhan 10 $34.98 $34.93 0%
133 Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund Admiral Shares VTSAX WackyBeachJustice 1 $82.67 $82.32 0%
212 Yeti Holdings Inc YETI boomwhackers 1 $50.40 $50.14 -1%
196 Booz Allen Hamilton Holding Corporation BAH i_smel_hookers 1 $84.67 $84.23 -1%
238 Kroger Co KR bxkrish 1 $35.24 $35.02 -1%
44 Raytheon Technologies Corp RTX anon2019L 21 $61.23 $60.81 -1%
54 ASML Holding NV ASML EthosPathosLegos, earthmoonsun 15 $366.07 $363.20 -1%
37 Novacyt SA ALNOV Snoopmatt 1 $3.60 $3.57 -1%
76 Taiwan Semiconductor Mfg. Co. Ltd. TSM Paks_12345, sogladatwork, BlissfulThinkr 13 $80.03 $79.16 -1%
122 Helen of Troy Limited HELE aa341 1 $201.26 $199.02 -1%
11 Nathan's Famous, Inc. NATH howtoreadspaghetti 1 $51.25 $50.65 -1%
84 Fastly Inc FSLY AwesomeMathUse 3 $79.33 $78.31 -1%
110 AAR Corp. AIR paulo92834 4 $18.77 $18.49 -1%
166 Purple Innovation Inc PRPL jloy88, CharlieBrown364, RemiMartin 6 $23.95 $23.59 -2%
113 Atlassian Corporation PLC TEAM shadowrckts 1 $170.93 $168.23 -2%
33 BlackBerry Ltd BB mh1t, EthosPathosLegos 25 $4.84 $4.76 -2%
139 EHang Holdings Ltd - ADR EH TheEUR0PEAN 1 $9.21 $9.04 -2%
137 TJX Companies Inc TJX princess-smartypants 3 $55.45 $54.41 -2%
5 Intellia Therapeutics Inc NTLA earthmoonsun 7 $19.83 $19.45 -2%
140 Brookfield Renewable Partners LP BEP YourPineapplePunch 1 $45.25 $44.34 -2%
184 Ares Capital Corporation ARCC ThemChecks 1 $14.87 $14.54 -2%
143 American Tower Corp AMT editviewgo 1 $257.61 $251.69 -2%
132 PROSHARES TULTRAPRO QQQ TQQQ iggy555, Guiterrezjm6 5 $126.99 $124.06 -2%
46 Oxford BioMedica plc OXB arabidopsis 12 $850.00 $830.00 -2%
128 Bank of America Corp BAC oobydoobydoobydoo, wrs97 2 $26.11 $25.46 -2%
152 H&R Real Estate Investment Trust HR.UN CaptainCanuck93 0 $10.34 $10.08 -3%
229 CDW common stock CDW plorfu 1 $114.77 $111.47 -3%
130 Docusign Inc DOCU h3ku, Teach-101 0 $204.76 $198.75 -3%
253 Microsoft Corporation MSFT TBSchemer 34 $212.48 $205.65 -3%
153 Spotify Technology SA SPOT _Hard4Jesus 0 $252.12 $243.88 -3%
131 TransUnion TRU AndyCircus 0 $87.38 $84.47 -3%
100 ORSTED A/S/ADR DNNGY BrentfordFC21 2 $47.37 $45.79 -3%
105 Wells Fargo & Co WFC yehdhbdjdjd 1 $25.07 $24.20 -3%
111 1ST TR EXCHANGE/NASDAQ CEA CYBERSEC CIBR komoggmu321 1 $35.40 $34.07 -4%
162 New York Times Co NYT jonhuang 1 $45.61 $43.86 -4%
27 Sony Corp SNE drorhac 13 $80.03 $76.88 -4%
224 Avalara Inc AVLR nomdeplume_alias 1 $122.71 $117.82 -4%
23 Activision Blizzard, Inc. ATVI Mondanivalo 12 $82.47 $79.17 -4%
120 Prologis Inc PLD ImPinkSnail 5 $105.07 $100.65 -4%
81 Franco Nevada Corp FNV AwesomeMathUse 1 $153.57 $146.93 -4%
12 Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory, Inc. RMCF howtoreadspaghetti 1 $3.20 $3.05 -5%
217 LONZA GRP AG/ADR LZAGY Fuck512 1 $62.92 $59.94 -5%
154 Okta Inc OKTA Bcr731 3 $208.23 $197.95 -5%
191 Macerich Co MAC skvettlappen 1 $7.85 $7.46 -5%
142 Crown Castle International Corp CCI jkgator 1 $168.19 $159.72 -5%
10 Molson Coors Beverage Co Class B TAP howtoreadspaghetti 1 $37.27 $35.28 -5%
197 Equinix Inc EQIX gce1010 3 $791.70 $749.23 -5%
99 Gilead Sciences, Inc. GILD Leroy--Brown 1 $69.35 $65.60 -5%
141 TPI Composites Inc TPIC polwas 1 $28.81 $27.25 -5%
161 Micron Technology, Inc. MU Wexoch 3 $48.75 $46.02 -6%
175 American Water Works Company Inc AWK InfamousLegato 1 $149.79 $141.35 -6%
50 VolitionRX Ltd VNRX RiDDDiK1337 1 $3.35 $3.16 -6%
7 Square Inc SQ cuti95, ConstructivePlayer, Lfastrsx, jercky, CharlieBrown364 21 $147.22 $138.87 -6%
182 Logitech International SA LOGI CharlieBrown364 1 $73.03 $68.88 -6%
68 Turtle Beach Corp HEAR chancsc11 1 $18.37 $17.30 -6%
57 VirnetX Holding Corporation VHC vyts18 2 $5.26 $4.95 -6%
107 Maxar Technologies Inc MAXR Borne2Run 1 $24.74 $23.27 -6%
20 Horizon Therapeutics PLC HZNP thesearchforanswer 3 $76.06 $71.16 -6%
106 TransMedics Group Inc TMDX DropoutEngy 1 $18.05 $16.84 -7%
156 GFL Environmental Inc GFL lenadunhamsbutthole 1 $21.56 $20.10 -7%
200 Gan Ltd GAN emcdeezy22 2 $20.29 $18.91 -7%
108 Ingles Markets, Incorporated IMKTA kimjungoon 1 $42.97 $40.01 -7%
9 IAC/Interactivecorp IAC dvdmovie1 36 $133.05 $123.03 -8%
209 Cresco Labs Inc CRLBF UncleSlippyFist 1 $6.28 $5.80 -8%
165 Daqo New Energy Corp DQ stonk_daddy 1 $122.55 $112.96 -8%
62 Twilio Inc TWLO MarconianRex 8 $249.00 $228.90 -8%
14 Walker & Dunlop, Inc. WD TBSchemer 0 $57.70 $52.84 -8%
246 Coty Inc COTY NhatNguyen2112 1 $4.00 $3.66 -9%
25 Pan African Resources plc PAF Fruity_Pineapple 2 $26.30 $24.00 -9%
219 FLIR Systems, Inc. FLIR _zerokarma_ 1 $37.48 $34.12 -9%
8 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. AMD ArneGo, apqwer, LoveOfProfit 13 $84.85 $77.23 -9%
210 Razer Inc RAZFF ThatOneRedditBro 1 $0.22 $0.20 -9%
201 Inseego Corp INSG esoccer141414 1 $12.08 $10.95 -9%
21 Enphase Energy Inc ENPH deGoblin 31 $72.84 $65.93 -9%
88 Match Group Inc MTCH BallinLikeImKobe24 1 $115.88 $104.50 -10%
187 Brookfield Property Partners LP Unit BPY Onarco 1 $11.75 $10.59 -10%
94 Rigel Pharmaceuticals, Inc. RIGL Gay_Demons 1 $2.58 $2.32 -10%
85 Empire State Realty Trust Inc ESRT silverpaw1786 4 $6.66 $5.97 -10%
147 Polaris Infrastructure Inc RAMPF CaptainCanuck93 1 $11.50 $10.30 -10%
176 2U Inc TWOU DickDaddy 1 $41.49 $37.11 -11%
125 Universal Display Corporation OLED niknikniknikniknik1 1 $186.51 $166.37 -11%
104 SunPower Corporation SPWR Hadouukken 1 $7.77 $10.57 -11%
4 Editas Medicine Inc EDIT earthmoonsun 7 $34.71 $30.85 -11%
96 Unibail-Rodamco-Westfield SE URW eams66 2 $42.44 $37.64 -11%
223 CVS Health Corp CVS handsomeandsmart_ 2 $64.96 $57.57 -11%
24 Alteryx Inc AYX Kme2 30 $121.38 $107.55 -11%
202 Slack Technologies Inc WORK AntwanDixon_ 2 $28.95 $25.65 -11%
65 Cyberark Software Ltd CYBR Kevenam 2 $110.59 $97.84 -12%
116 Mills Music Trust Unit OTCMKTS:MMTRS ARGENT_UM_PUR 1 $39.00 $34.50 -12%
64 Valero Energy Corporation VLO chickenandcheesefart 1 $52.66 $46.50 -12%
151 Gran Colombia Gold Corp TSE:GCM Linnake 0 $7.46 $6.57 -12%
49 Solaredge Technologies Inc SEDG m4r1vs 14 $211.47 $185.52 -12%
249 New York Mortgage Trust Inc NYMT ToKeepAndToHoldForev 1 $2.77 $2.43 -12%
82 Shopify Inc SHOP AwesomeMathUse -1 $1,053.12 $919.50 -13%
241 DexCom, Inc. DXCM InformalAid 1 $440.70 $384.40 -13%
67 Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (Btc) GBTC asherlevi 2 $13.06 $11.39 -13%
34 Mercadolibre Inc MELI pontoumporcento 14 $1,193.97 $1,035.14 -13%
247 BELLUS Health Inc BLU NhatNguyen2112 1 $2.74 $2.37 -14%
112 John B. Sanfilippo & Son, Inc. JBSS chris011186 2 $89.24 $77.01 -14%
103 Huntington Ingalls Industries Inc HII howtoreadspaghetti 1 $167.90 $144.60 -14%
15 Limelight Networks, Inc. LLNW cyberdex, thug_funnie 3 $6.10 $5.23 -14%
118 Elevate Credit Inc ELVT ScoreFuture 1 $2.58 $2.21 -14%
239 CytoDyn Inc CYDY dufmum 1 $4.79 $4.10 -14%
28 Ageagle Aerial Systems Inc UAVS fishkillr 16 $3.26 $2.78 -15%
53 Trade Desk Inc TTD all_hail_hypno, Kay312010 6 $493.20 $419.05 -15%
36 Cloudflare Inc NET thereisnospoongeek, olliemacg, Boots2243 220 $40.06 $33.96 -15%
66 Lydall, Inc. LDL Henisockle 1 $20.89 $17.70 -15%
235 Etsy Inc ETSY PeskyShart 1 $135.06 $113.39 -16%
183 Anglo Asian Mining LON:AAZ krenaldi1 1 $161.50 $135.00 -16%
195 Switch Inc SWCH gce1010 1 $18.03 $15.01 -17%
168 Fire & Flower Holdings Corp TSE:FAF tobcar 1 $1.01 $0.84 -17%
221 Mediwound Ltd MDWD blueblade408 1 $3.91 $3.25 -17%
230 Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp SOLO IHaveUsernameBlock 1 $3.07 $2.55 -17%
207 First Mining Gold Corp FFMGF RecCenterBall 0 $0.41 $0.34 -17%
6 Dicerna Pharmaceuticals Inc DRNA earthmoonsun 7 $21.03 $17.40 -17%
59 Nokia Oyj NOK perfectriot, LiabilityFree 52 $4.98 $4.12 -17%
89 Xebec Adsorption Inc. XBC Mug_of_coffee 3 $4.95 $4.06 -18%
52 Fluor Corporation (NEW) FLR lost_searching 2 $11.38 $9.24 -19%
220 Pagerduty Inc PD throthrowth 2 $29.85 $23.94 -20%
236 Banco Bbva Argentina SA BBAR GAV17 1 $4.23 $3.35 -21%
155 FuelCell Energy Inc FCEL i-kno-nothing, dewaser 2 $2.68 $2.12 -21%
150 Aytu Bioscience Inc AYTU Bkzkilla2, beefy-ambulance, subaruveganguy22 2 $1.38 $1.09 -21%
203 Rite Aid Corporation RAD ManagerMilkshake 1 $15.05 $11.85 -21%
39 Drive Shack Inc DS Bobjenkins97 2 $1.65 $1.29 -22%
2 Lemonade Inc LMND br1ghtness, skkreet, hahadumblloyd 4 $66.84 $51.91 -22%
163 Schrodinger Inc SDGR TipasaNuptials, asianmarysue, RattleGoreBitcoin 1 $71.17 $54.99 -23%
3 Crispr Therapeutics AG CRSP emtvaikkajoku 98 $89.81 $68.54 -24%
242 Chegg Inc CHGG Boots2243 1 $86.98 $65.81 -24%
136 Zagg Inc ZAGG ni_shi_shei 2 $3.98 $2.98 -25%
226 Trevena Inc TRVN pacosteles 1 $2.38 $1.78 -25%
91 Waitr Holdings Inc WTRH exstaticj 1 $5.15 $3.75 -27%
174 Patriot One Technologies Inc PTOTF DanReynolds 1 $0.73 $0.53 -27%
180 ACM Research Inc ACMR moveitover 1 $101.92 $67.32 -34%
251 Genius Brands International Inc GNUS due11 1 $1.59 $1.02 -36%
205 Agraflora Organics International Inc AGRA spreeshark 1 $0.05 $0.03 -40%
178 Retractable Technologies, Inc. RVP EmreCanPuns 1 $10.18 $5.92 -42%
160 Opko Health Inc. OPK CS1026 1 $5.63 $3.02 -46%
61 Ibio Inc IBIO PrairieDogger69 1 $3.80 $1.92 -49%
222 Altimmune Inc ALT Spes-Caritas 1 $27.38 $12.13 -56%
58 Jumia Technologies AG - ADR JMIA Jerund, souptrades, 7YearOldCodPlayer, CharlieBrown364, fortnitehead 7 $19.26 $8.38 -56%
177 Sorrento Therapeutics Inc SRNE DowJonesLocker 1 $14.42 $6.27 -57%
As a reminder, please do not interpret results seen here as an endorsement of the investing prowess of the community. Invest at your own risk.
submitted by Kme2 to investing [link] [comments]

There are signs that a major Bitcoin miner (who was liquidating stored Bitcoins to keep power going) has officially gone busto.

Here you see major hash decline:
https://www.blockchain.com/charts/hash-rate
Here you can see '1st spends' of Bitcoin
https://terminal.bytetree.com/bitcoin
(I can't verify the accuracy of this).
I've been watching 1st spends a while, averaging like 15,000 more Bitcoins spent than mined for the last year. That's like $180 Mil.
First spends can only be done by miners. Spending more than mined basically means they are spending from old blocks (like blocks that paid out 50 BTC, 25 BTC, 12.5 BTC etc).
There is some bonus value to first spend coins that I don't quite understand, but basically you get 10% or 20% more than the Bitcoin value when you spend them, because they are completely untraceable or something like that. You can sort of trace Bitcoins, but it's very, very hard to trace newly mined Bitcoins until they are spent and linked up with other assets of said individual.
So over the last year, someone has been liquidating these reserve Bitcoins, while hash power of Bitcoin has gone up like double from where it was and payouts have fallen in half, so mining is paying like 25% of what it was this time last year, when BTC was $10k (presuming you stay on old equipment, etc.).
I could imagine a situation where a BTC bull holds these first spend coins for a long time, planning on a rapid price jump which takes a long time to materialize. And then combine that with he $3.5k Corona / Oil dip, which basically forced liquidated everyone on margin position (which Bitcoin bulls tend to do), and I could see a scenario where someone had a wonderfully huge Bitcoin position, and mining op, and then got all their free coins liquidated by margin call, and spent their '1st spend' coins to keep ops going, hoping for rapid price acceleration.
This is all conjecture but I've been expecting something like this to happen. Maybe it's just a blip, and I'm totally wrong, and hash climbs back up, but if it stays down and the BTC price goes up, then I'm thinking a miner went busto, who had be applying $10's of Millions of sell pressure monthly onto the system.
submitted by Bitcoin1776 to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

What I currently use for privacy (after almost 2 years of long investing into it)

First of all, my threat model: I'm just an average person that wants to AVOID the maximum I can to be monitored and tracked by the government and big corps, a lot of people out there REALLY hate me and I've gone through lots of harassment and other stuff, I also plan to take my activism and love for freedom more seriously and to do stuff that could potentially lead me to very high danger or even put my life on the line. That being said, my main focus is on something that is privacy-friendly but also something with decent security (no point having a lot of privacy if a script kiddie can just break into it an boom, everything is gone) anonymity is also desirable but I'm pretty aware that true 100% anonymity is simply not possible and to achieve the maximum you can of it currently you'd have to give up A LOT of stuff in which I don't think I really could. So basically, everything that I said + I don't want to give up some hobbies of mine (as playing games etc)
Here's what I use/have done so far, most of it is based on privacytools.io list and research I've done.
Mobile:
Google Pixel 3a XL running GrapheneOS
Apps: Stock apps (Vanadium, Gallery, Clock, Contacts etc) + F-DROID, NewPipe, OsmAnd+, Joplin, Tutanota, K-9 Mail, Aegis Authenticator, KeePassDX, Syncthing, Signal, Librera PRO, Vinyl, Open Camera and Wireguard.
I also use BlahDNS as my private DNS.
Other smartphone stuff/habits: I use a Supershieldz Anti Spy Tempered Glass Screen Protector on my phone and I also have a Faraday Sleeve from Silent Pocket which my phone is on most of the times (I don't have smartphone addiction and would likely advice you to break free from smartphone addiction if you have it). I NEVER use bluetooth (thank god Pixel 3a have a headphone jack so yeah, no bluetooth earphones here) and always keep my Wi-Fi off if I'm not using it.
Computer:
I have a desktop that I built (specs: Asus B450M Gaming, AMD Ryzen 3 3300X, Radeon RX 580 8GB, 16GB DDR4 2666Mhz, 3TB HDD, 480GB SSD) that is dualbooted with QubesOS and Arch Linux.
Qubes is my main OS that I use as daily driver and for my tasks, I use Arch for gaming.
I've installed linux-hardened and its headers packages on my Arch + further kernel hardening using systctl and boot parameters, AppArmor as my MAC system and bubblewrap for sandboxing programs. I also spoof my MAC address and have restricted root access, I've also protected my GRUB with password (and use encrypted boot) and have enabled Microcode updates and have NTP and IPV6 disabled.
Also on Arch, I use iptables as a firewall denying all incoming traffic, and since it's my gaming PC, I don't game on the OS, instead, I use a KVM/QEMU Windows VM for gaming (search "How I Built The "Poor-Shamed" Computer" video to see what I'm talking about) I also use full disk encryption.
Software/Providers:
E-Mails: I use ProtonMail (Plus Account paid with bitcoin) and Tutanota (free account as they don't accept crypto payment yet, come on Tutanota, I've been waiting for it for 2 years already) since I have plus account on ProtonMail it allows me to use ProtonMail Bridge and use it on Claws Mail (desktop) and K-9 Mail (mobile) as for Tutanota I use both desktop and mobile app.
Some other e-mails habits of mine: I use e-mail aliases (ProtonMail plus account provides you with 5) and each alias is used for different tasks (as one for shopping, one for banking, one for accounts etc) and none of my e-mails have my real name on it or something that could be used to identify me. I also highly avoid using stuff that require e-mail/e-mail verification for usage (e-mail is such a pain in the ass tbh) I also make use of Spamgourmet for stuff like temporary e-mail (best service I found for this doing my research, dunno if it's really the best tho, heard that AnonAddy does kinda the same stuff but dunno, recommendations are welcomed)
Browsers/Search Engine: As mentioned, I use Vanadium (Graphene's stock browser) on mobile as it is the recommended browser by Graphene and the one with the best security for Android, for desktop I use a Hardened Firefox (pretty aware of Firefox's security not being that good, but it's the best browser for PC for me as Ungoogled Chromium is still not there in A LOT of things + inherent problems of Chrome as not being able to disable WebRTC unless you use an extension etc) with ghacks-user.js and uBlock Origin (hard mode), uMatrix (globally blocking first party scripts), HTTPS Everywhere (EASE Mode), Decentraleyes (set the recommended rules for both uBlock Origin and uMatrix) and Temporary Containers as addons. I also use Tor Browser (Safest Mode) on a Whonix VM on Qubes sometimes. DuckDuckGo is my to-go search engine and I use DNS over HTTPS on Firefox (BlahDNS as my provider once again)
browsing habits: I avoid JavaScript the maximum I can, if it's really needed, I just allow the scripts temporarely on uBlock Origin/uMatrix and after I'm done I just disable it. I also generally go with old.reddit.com instead of reddit.com (as JavaScript is not required to browse the old client), nitter.net for checking twitter stuff (although I rarely have something peaking my interest on Twitter) and I use invidious.snopyta.org as youtube front-end (I do however use YouTube sometimes if a video I wanna see can't be played on invidious or if I wanna watch a livestream) and html.duckduckgo.com instead of duckduckgo.com other than avoiding JavaScript most of my browsing habits are just common sense at this point I'd say, I also use privatebin (snopyta's instance) instead of pastebin. I also have multiple firefox profiles for different tasks (personal usage, shopping, banking etc)
VPN: I use Mullvad (guess you can mention it here since it's PTIO's recommended) paid with bitcoin and honestly best service available tbh. I use Mullvad's multihop implementation on Wireguard which I manually set myself as I had the time and patience to learn how.
password manager: KeePassXC on desktop and KeePassDX on my smartphone, my password database for my desktop is stored on a USB flash driver I encrypted with VeraCrypt.
some other software on desktop: LibreOffice (as a Microsoft Office substitute), GIMP (Photshop substitute), Vim (I use it for multiple purposes, mainly coding IDE and as a text editor), VLC (media player), Bisq (bitcoin exchange), Wasabi (bitcoin wallet), OBS (screen recording), Syncthing (file sync), qBitTorrent (torrent client) and Element (federated real-time communication software). I sadly couldn't find a good open-source substitute to Sony Vegas (tested many, but none was in the same level of Vegas imo, KDENLive is okay tho) so I just use it on a VM if I need it (Windows VM solely for the purpose of video editing, not the same one I use for gaming)
Other:
router: I have an Asus RT-AC68U with OpenWRT as its firmware. I also set a VPN on it.
cryptocurrency hardware wallet: I store all of my cryptocurrency (Bitcoin and Monero) on a Ledger Nano S, about 97% of my money is on crypto so a hardware wallet is a must for me.
I have lots of USB flash drivers that I use for Live ISOs and for encrypted backups. I also have a USB Data Blocker from PortaPow that I generally use if I need to charge my cellphone in public or in a hotel while on a trip (rare occasion tbh).
I have a Logitech C920e as webcam and a Blue Yeti microphone in which I never let them plugged, I only plug them if it's necessary and after I'm done I just unplug them.
I also have a Nintendo Switch Lite as a gaming console that I most of the times just use offline, I just connect to the internet if needed for a software update and then just turn the Wi-Fi off from it.
Other Habits/Things I've done:
payments: I simply AVOID using credit card, I try to always pay on cash (I live in a third-world country so thank god most of people here still depend on cash only) physically and online I try my best to either by using cryptocurrency or using gift cards/cash by mail if crypto isn't available. I usually buy crypto on Bisq as I just don't trust any KYC exchange (and neither should you) and since there aren't many people here in my area to do face to face bitcoin trade (and I'm skeptical of face to face tbh), I use the Wasabi Wallet (desktop) to coinjoin bitcoin before buying anything as this allows a bit more of privacy, I also coinjoin on Wasabi before sending my bitcoins to my hardware wallet. I also don't have a high consumerism drive so I'm not constantly wanting to buy everything that I see (which helps a lot on this criteria)
social media/accounts: as noted, aside from Signal and Element (which I don't even use that often) I just don't REALLY use any social media (tried Mastodon for a while but I was honestly felt it kinda desert there and most of its userbase from what I've seen were some people I'd just... rather don't hang with tbh) and, althoug not something necessary is something that I really advise people to as social media is literally a poison to your mind.
I also don't own any streaming service like Netflix/Amazon Prime/Spotify etc, I basically pirate series/movies/songs and that's it.
I've also deleted ALL my old accounts from social media (like Twitter etc) and old e-mails. ALL of my important and main accounts have 2FA enabled and are protected by a strong password (I use KeePass to generate a 35 character lenght password with numbers, capital letters, special symbols etc, each account uses a unique password) I also NEVER use my real name on any account and NEVER post any pictures of myself (I rarely take pictures of stuff if anything)
iot/smart devices: aside from my smartphone, I don't have any IOT/smart device as I honestly see no need for them (and most of them are WAY too expensive on third-world countries)
files: I constatly backup all of my files (each two weeks) on encrypted flash drivers, I also use BleachBit for temporary data cleaning and data/file shredding. I also use Syncthing as a substitute to stuff like Google Drive.
Future plans:
learn to self-host and self-host an e-mail/NextCloud (and maybe even a VPN)
find something like BurneHushed but FOSS (if you know any please let me know)
So, how is it? anything that I should do that I'm probably not doing?
submitted by StunningDistrust to privacytoolsIO [link] [comments]

Minimum Viable Issuance - Why Ethereum’s lack of a hard cap on ETH issuance is a good thing.

This post will explain how the argument used by the average Bitcoin maximalist, thinking that they have found Ethereum’s achilles heel when talking about issuance is actually highlighting one of Ethereum’s strong points and one of the main threats to the longevity of the Bitcoin network.
So first let’s answer the question which I know many people have about Ethereum:

What is Ethereum’s ETH issuance schedule?

Ethereum has an issuance policy of Minimum Viable Issuance. So what does this mean exactly? It means that the issuance of ETH will be as low as possible while also maintaining a sufficient budget to pay miners (and soon to be stakers) to keep the network secure. For example, if ETH issuance was halved, miners would drop off the network and stop mining as it is no longer profitable for them to mine. As a result, the network would be less secure as it would cost less money for an attacker to control 51% of the hash power and attack the network. This means that the Ethereum community plans to change ETH issuance as time goes on to maintain a reasonable security budget which will keep the network secure but will also keep inflation in check. We have done this twice in the past with EIP-649 and EIP-1234 which reduced block rewards from 5 ETH per block to 3 ETH and from 3 ETH to 2 ETH respectively. I previously made a graph of ETH issuance over time here: https://redd.it/it8ce7
So while Ethereum doesn’t have a strictly defined issuance schedule, the community will reject any proposals which either put the security of the network at risk such as the recent EIP-2878, or we will reject proposals which will lead to excessive network security and therefore an unnecessarily high inflation rate (or we will accept proposals which reduce issuance after price rises and therefore the security budget rises). This means that when Bitcoiners accuse the Ethereum Foundation of being no better than a central bank because they can “print more Ether”, this is completely untrue. Any proposals made by the EF which would increase issuance unnecessarily would be rejected by the community in the same way that a proposal to increase the supply of Bitcoin from 21 million to 22 million would be rejected. There is a social contract around both Bitcoin’s and Ethereum’s issuance schedules. Any networks or proposals which break the social contracts of 21 million Bitcoins and minimal viable issuance of Ether would be a breach of these contracts and the new proposed network would be labeled by the community as illegitimate and the original network would live on.

So why is minimum viable issuance better than a hard cap?

Minimum viable issuance is better than a hard cap because it puts the most important part of the network first - the security. MVI ensures that the Ethereum network will always have a security budget which keeps the cost of a 51% attack impractically high. Bitcoin on the other hand, halves its security budget every 4 years until eventually only the transaction fees pay for network security. This means that every 4 years, the amount of money paying for network security halves until eventually, the value of attacking the network becomes greater than the security budget and someone performs a 51% attack (technically the security budget only halves if terms of BTC not in dollars. However, even if the price of Bitcoin more than doubles in the time that the security budget halves, the ratio of security budget to value secured on the network still halves, doubling the financial viability of performing a network attack). The strategy to pay for the security budget once Bitcoin issuance stops is for transaction fees to secure the network since transaction fees are paid to miners. Not only does this have its own security problems which I won’t detail here, but unless Bitcoin scales on layer 1 (layer 2 scaling solutions have their own security mechanisms separate from L1), then fees would have to cost well in the thousands of dollars to secure a trillion dollar market cap Bitcoin that is secured by nothing but fees. If Bitcoin maximalists want a 10 trillion or 100 trillion dollar market cap then expect fees to go up another 10 or 100 times from there.
Ethereum on the other hand, will be able to keep its network secure with approximately 1-2% annual issuance being paid to stakers under ETH 2.0. This is because not all of the network will be staking, so if 33 million of the approximately 110 million Ether in existence stakes under ETH 2.0, then paying this 33 million Ether 6% a year (a very decent yield!) would cost just under 2 million ETH per year which would equate to less than 2% annual ETH inflation. This is also before considering EIP-1559 which will burn a portion of transaction fees which will counter the effect of this inflation and potentially even make ETH deflationary if the sum of all burned transaction fees are greater than the annual inflation. Also, under ETH 2.0, an attacker performing a 51% attack would get his funds slashed (they would lose their funds) if they attack the network, meaning that they can only perform a 51% attack once. However, in Bitcoin, anyone who controls 51% of the mining hash power could perform multiple 51% attacks without losing everything like they could in ETH 2.0.
So in conclusion, while Ethereum doesn’t have the guaranteed anti-inflation security of a hard cap, it does have the guarantee of always paying it’s miners (or stakers under ETH 2.0) enough to keep the network secure. In contrast, while Bitcoin’s social contract may guarantee a hard cap of 21 million, it cannot simultaneously guarantee network security in the long run. Eventually, its users will have to decide if they want a secure network with more than 21 million coins or a tax to pay for security or an insecure network with super high fees and a hard cap of 21 million Bitcoin.
Disclaimer: The details I covered around 51% attacks and network security are simplified. I am not an expert in this field and things are a lot more nuanced than I laid out in my simplifications above.
submitted by Tricky_Troll to ethfinance [link] [comments]

Gridcoin 5.0.0.0-Mandatory "Fern" Release

https://github.com/gridcoin-community/Gridcoin-Research/releases/tag/5.0.0.0
Finally! After over ten months of development and testing, "Fern" has arrived! This is a whopper. 240 pull requests merged. Essentially a complete rewrite that was started with the scraper (the "neural net" rewrite) in "Denise" has now been completed. Practically the ENTIRE Gridcoin specific codebase resting on top of the vanilla Bitcoin/Peercoin/Blackcoin vanilla PoS code has been rewritten. This removes the team requirement at last (see below), although there are many other important improvements besides that.
Fern was a monumental undertaking. We had to encode all of the old rules active for the v10 block protocol in new code and ensure that the new code was 100% compatible. This had to be done in such a way as to clear out all of the old spaghetti and ring-fence it with tightly controlled class implementations. We then wrote an entirely new, simplified ruleset for research rewards and reengineered contracts (which includes beacon management, polls, and voting) using properly classed code. The fundamentals of Gridcoin with this release are now on a very sound and maintainable footing, and the developers believe the codebase as updated here will serve as the fundamental basis for Gridcoin's future roadmap.
We have been testing this for MONTHS on testnet in various stages. The v10 (legacy) compatibility code has been running on testnet continuously as it was developed to ensure compatibility with existing nodes. During the last few months, we have done two private testnet forks and then the full public testnet testing for v11 code (the new protocol which is what Fern implements). The developers have also been running non-staking "sentinel" nodes on mainnet with this code to verify that the consensus rules are problem-free for the legacy compatibility code on the broader mainnet. We believe this amount of testing is going to result in a smooth rollout.
Given the amount of changes in Fern, I am presenting TWO changelogs below. One is high level, which summarizes the most significant changes in the protocol. The second changelog is the detailed one in the usual format, and gives you an inkling of the size of this release.

Highlights

Protocol

Note that the protocol changes will not become active until we cross the hard-fork transition height to v11, which has been set at 2053000. Given current average block spacing, this should happen around October 4, about one month from now.
Note that to get all of the beacons in the network on the new protocol, we are requiring ALL beacons to be validated. A two week (14 day) grace period is provided by the code, starting at the time of the transition height, for people currently holding a beacon to validate the beacon and prevent it from expiring. That means that EVERY CRUNCHER must advertise and validate their beacon AFTER the v11 transition (around Oct 4th) and BEFORE October 18th (or more precisely, 14 days from the actual date of the v11 transition). If you do not advertise and validate your beacon by this time, your beacon will expire and you will stop earning research rewards until you advertise and validate a new beacon. This process has been made much easier by a brand new beacon "wizard" that helps manage beacon advertisements and renewals. Once a beacon has been validated and is a v11 protocol beacon, the normal 180 day expiration rules apply. Note, however, that the 180 day expiration on research rewards has been removed with the Fern update. This means that while your beacon might expire after 180 days, your earned research rewards will be retained and can be claimed by advertising a beacon with the same CPID and going through the validation process again. In other words, you do not lose any earned research rewards if you do not stake a block within 180 days and keep your beacon up-to-date.
The transition height is also when the team requirement will be relaxed for the network.

GUI

Besides the beacon wizard, there are a number of improvements to the GUI, including new UI transaction types (and icons) for staking the superblock, sidestake sends, beacon advertisement, voting, poll creation, and transactions with a message. The main screen has been revamped with a better summary section, and better status icons. Several changes under the hood have improved GUI performance. And finally, the diagnostics have been revamped.

Blockchain

The wallet sync speed has been DRASTICALLY improved. A decent machine with a good network connection should be able to sync the entire mainnet blockchain in less than 4 hours. A fast machine with a really fast network connection and a good SSD can do it in about 2.5 hours. One of our goals was to reduce or eliminate the reliance on snapshots for mainnet, and I think we have accomplished that goal with the new sync speed. We have also streamlined the in-memory structures for the blockchain which shaves some memory use.
There are so many goodies here it is hard to summarize them all.
I would like to thank all of the contributors to this release, but especially thank @cyrossignol, whose incredible contributions formed the backbone of this release. I would also like to pay special thanks to @barton2526, @caraka, and @Quezacoatl1, who tirelessly helped during the testing and polishing phase on testnet with testing and repeated builds for all architectures.
The developers are proud to present this release to the community and we believe this represents the starting point for a true renaissance for Gridcoin!

Summary Changelog

Accrual

Changed

Most significantly, nodes calculate research rewards directly from the magnitudes in EACH superblock between stakes instead of using a two- or three- point average based on a CPID's current magnitude and the magnitude for the CPID when it last staked. For those long-timers in the community, this has been referred to as "Superblock Windows," and was first done in proof-of-concept form by @denravonska.

Removed

Beacons

Added

Changed

Removed

Unaltered

As a reminder:

Superblocks

Added

Changed

Removed

Voting

Added

Changed

Removed

Detailed Changelog

[5.0.0.0] 2020-09-03, mandatory, "Fern"

Added

Changed

Removed

Fixed

submitted by jamescowens to gridcoin [link] [comments]

Scav Times(When to Scav on What Maps)

So I've posted here before about how I have a Scav with quite a few high leveled abilities to include Max endurance. I'd like to help those that don't really know or just want more info on Scav Raids. This is just my observations and in no way absolute. All Scav spawn times are averages and based off personal experience.
So you want to Scav in but have no idea where to go? Well it's all about what time of day(irl) and what day it is.
Customs (Spawn between 40 to 25 minutes left in raid)- this map is almost always busy no matter when you scav in but the gear you find can fluctuate on the day of the week. Weekends and nights you'll find a lot more dedicated/chaded folks while during the weekdays during the day you'll find a lot more low levels or rather... Bad players.
Shoreline (spawn between 40 to 35 mins left in raid)- This map is a gold mine for scavs..no matter when. But the gold could be different. Night time (irl again) and weekends you'll roll up on resort and find many bodies(mostly east wing) with good gear just left or find insurance fraud. Weekdays it's a wasteland but that means most caches are unhit.
Interchange (spawn time sub 20 minutes all the way to 10 minutes left) -Scav on interchange and its a race against time. Most battles are done and bodies lay cold. If power has been hit then go to the better known battle spots of kiba or techlight. If no power watch out for Killa. It seems that 7/10 times if power hasn't been thrown Killa still lives. Best times I find to go in for good loot is actually early morning to about noon time on most days. Again the hardcore weekend warriors will always go there but your pickings won't be as good as they'll be teaming more.
Woods (spawn time 40- 30 minutes)- I only ever go to woods if I have a sniper scav. There usually isn't any good loot but often times I find that the middle cabin (with the safe) is not looted. This one is a bit more miss then hit almost everyday.
Reserve(spawn time is 40 -30 minutes)-If you can get past the queue time for reserve it's really not that great. Unless you go as a group be prepared to meet opposition from fellow player scavs and pmc and raiders. This place is always busy and honestly if you're looking to just get gear and get out find a hiding spot and some juice and wait.
Again all of this is based off personal experience from running hundreds of scav runs. I've come out of most raids with gear for my next PmC run quite often and you will be surprised about what places don't get looted. As you can tell most maps are the busiest at night and weekends but if you can scav during the weekdays you'll find the best loot just laying there. I got my Bitcoin farm started from gpu my scav found. Be careful out there and remember take that damn Kolpak off!
submitted by lanternoflife to EscapefromTarkov [link] [comments]

Dragonchain Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off Public Proposal

Dragonchain Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off Public Proposal

Dragonchain Public Proposal TL;DR:

Dragonchain has demonstrated twice Reddit’s entire total daily volume (votes, comments, and posts per Reddit 2019 Year in Review) in a 24-hour demo on an operational network. Every single transaction on Dragonchain is decentralized immediately through 5 levels of Dragon Net, and then secured with combined proof on Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ethereum Classic, and Binance Chain, via Interchain. At the time, in January 2020, the entire cost of the demo was approximately $25K on a single system (transaction fees locked at $0.0001/txn). With current fees (lowest fee $0.0000025/txn), this would cost as little as $625.
Watch Joe walk through the entire proposal and answer questions on YouTube.
This proposal is also available on the Dragonchain blog.

Hello Reddit and Ethereum community!

I’m Joe Roets, Founder & CEO of Dragonchain. When the team and I first heard about The Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off we were intrigued. We believe we have the solutions Reddit seeks for its community points system and we have them at scale.
For your consideration, we have submitted our proposal below. The team at Dragonchain and I welcome and look forward to your technical questions, philosophical feedback, and fair criticism, to build a scaling solution for Reddit that will empower its users. Because our architecture is unlike other blockchain platforms out there today, we expect to receive many questions while people try to grasp our project. I will answer all questions here in this thread on Reddit, and I've answered some questions in the stream on YouTube.
We have seen good discussions so far in the competition. We hope that Reddit’s scaling solution will emerge from The Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off and that Reddit will have great success with the implementation.

Executive summary

Dragonchain is a robust open source hybrid blockchain platform that has proven to withstand the passing of time since our inception in 2014. We have continued to evolve to harness the scalability of private nodes, yet take full advantage of the security of public decentralized networks, like Ethereum. We have a live, operational, and fully functional Interchain network integrating Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ethereum Classic, and ~700 independent Dragonchain nodes. Every transaction is secured to Ethereum, Bitcoin, and Ethereum Classic. Transactions are immediately usable on chain, and the first decentralization is seen within 20 seconds on Dragon Net. Security increases further to public networks ETH, BTC, and ETC within 10 minutes to 2 hours. Smart contracts can be written in any executable language, offering full freedom to existing developers. We invite any developer to watch the demo, play with our SDK’s, review open source code, and to help us move forward. Dragonchain specializes in scalable loyalty & rewards solutions and has built a decentralized social network on chain, with very affordable transaction costs. This experience can be combined with the insights Reddit and the Ethereum community have gained in the past couple of months to roll out the solution at a rapid pace.

Response and PoC

In The Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off post, Reddit has asked for a series of demonstrations, requirements, and other considerations. In this section, we will attempt to answer all of these requests.

Live Demo

A live proof of concept showing hundreds of thousands of transactions
On Jan 7, 2020, Dragonchain hosted a 24-hour live demonstration during which a quarter of a billion (250 million+) transactions executed fully on an operational network. Every single transaction on Dragonchain is decentralized immediately through 5 levels of Dragon Net, and then secured with combined proof on Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ethereum Classic, and Binance Chain, via Interchain. This means that every single transaction is secured by, and traceable to these networks. An attack on this system would require a simultaneous attack on all of the Interchained networks.
24 hours in 4 minutes (YouTube):
24 hours in 4 minutes
The demonstration was of a single business system, and any user is able to scale this further, by running multiple systems simultaneously. Our goals for the event were to demonstrate a consistent capacity greater than that of Visa over an extended time period.
Tooling to reproduce our demo is available here:
https://github.com/dragonchain/spirit-bomb

Source Code

Source code (for on & off-chain components as well tooling used for the PoC). The source code does not have to be shared publicly, but if Reddit decides to use a particular solution it will need to be shared with Reddit at some point.

Scaling

How it works & scales

Architectural Scaling

Dragonchain’s architecture attacks the scalability issue from multiple angles. Dragonchain is a hybrid blockchain platform, wherein every transaction is protected on a business node to the requirements of that business or purpose. A business node may be held completely private or may be exposed or replicated to any level of exposure desired.
Every node has its own blockchain and is independently scalable. Dragonchain established Context Based Verification as its consensus model. Every transaction is immediately usable on a trust basis, and in time is provable to an increasing level of decentralized consensus. A transaction will have a level of decentralization to independently owned and deployed Dragonchain nodes (~700 nodes) within seconds, and full decentralization to BTC and ETH within minutes or hours. Level 5 nodes (Interchain nodes) function to secure all transactions to public or otherwise external chains such as Bitcoin and Ethereum. These nodes scale the system by aggregating multiple blocks into a single Interchain transaction on a cadence. This timing is configurable based upon average fees for each respective chain. For detailed information about Dragonchain’s architecture, and Context Based Verification, please refer to the Dragonchain Architecture Document.

Economic Scaling

An interesting feature of Dragonchain’s network consensus is its economics and scarcity model. Since Dragon Net nodes (L2-L4) are independent staking nodes, deployment to cloud platforms would allow any of these nodes to scale to take on a large percentage of the verification work. This is great for scalability, but not good for the economy, because there is no scarcity, and pricing would develop a downward spiral and result in fewer verification nodes. For this reason, Dragonchain uses TIME as scarcity.
TIME is calculated as the number of Dragons held, multiplied by the number of days held. TIME influences the user’s access to features within the Dragonchain ecosystem. It takes into account both the Dragon balance and length of time each Dragon is held. TIME is staked by users against every verification node and dictates how much of the transaction fees are awarded to each participating node for every block.
TIME also dictates the transaction fee itself for the business node. TIME is staked against a business node to set a deterministic transaction fee level (see transaction fee table below in Cost section). This is very interesting in a discussion about scaling because it guarantees independence for business implementation. No matter how much traffic appears on the entire network, a business is guaranteed to not see an increased transaction fee rate.

Scaled Deployment

Dragonchain uses Docker and Kubernetes to allow the use of best practices traditional system scaling. Dragonchain offers managed nodes with an easy to use web based console interface. The user may also deploy a Dragonchain node within their own datacenter or favorite cloud platform. Users have deployed Dragonchain nodes on-prem on Amazon AWS, Google Cloud, MS Azure, and other hosting platforms around the world. Any executable code, anything you can write, can be written into a smart contract. This flexibility is what allows us to say that developers with no blockchain experience can use any code language to access the benefits of blockchain. Customers have used NodeJS, Python, Java, and even BASH shell script to write smart contracts on Dragonchain.
With Docker containers, we achieve better separation of concerns, faster deployment, higher reliability, and lower response times.
We chose Kubernetes for its self-healing features, ability to run multiple services on one server, and its large and thriving development community. It is resilient, scalable, and automated. OpenFaaS allows us to package smart contracts as Docker images for easy deployment.
Contract deployment time is now bounded only by the size of the Docker image being deployed but remains fast even for reasonably large images. We also take advantage of Docker’s flexibility and its ability to support any language that can run on x86 architecture. Any image, public or private, can be run as a smart contract using Dragonchain.

Flexibility in Scaling

Dragonchain’s architecture considers interoperability and integration as key features. From inception, we had a goal to increase adoption via integration with real business use cases and traditional systems.
We envision the ability for Reddit, in the future, to be able to integrate alternate content storage platforms or other financial services along with the token.
  • LBRY - To allow users to deploy content natively to LBRY
  • MakerDAO to allow users to lend small amounts backed by their Reddit community points.
  • STORJ/SIA to allow decentralized on chain storage of portions of content. These integrations or any other are relatively easy to integrate on Dragonchain with an Interchain implementation.

Cost

Cost estimates (on-chain and off-chain) For the purpose of this proposal, we assume that all transactions are on chain (posts, replies, and votes).
On the Dragonchain network, transaction costs are deterministic/predictable. By staking TIME on the business node (as described above) Reddit can reduce transaction costs to as low as $0.0000025 per transaction.
Dragonchain Fees Table

Getting Started

How to run it
Building on Dragonchain is simple and requires no blockchain experience. Spin up a business node (L1) in our managed environment (AWS), run it in your own cloud environment, or on-prem in your own datacenter. Clear documentation will walk you through the steps of spinning up your first Dragonchain Level 1 Business node.
Getting started is easy...
  1. Download Dragonchain’s dctl
  2. Input three commands into a terminal
  3. Build an image
  4. Run it
More information can be found in our Get started documents.

Architecture
Dragonchain is an open source hybrid platform. Through Dragon Net, each chain combines the power of a public blockchain (like Ethereum) with the privacy of a private blockchain.
Dragonchain organizes its network into five separate levels. A Level 1, or business node, is a totally private blockchain only accessible through the use of public/private keypairs. All business logic, including smart contracts, can be executed on this node directly and added to the chain.
After creating a block, the Level 1 business node broadcasts a version stripped of sensitive private data to Dragon Net. Three Level 2 Validating nodes validate the transaction based on guidelines determined from the business. A Level 3 Diversity node checks that the level 2 nodes are from a diverse array of locations. A Level 4 Notary node, hosted by a KYC partner, then signs the validation record received from the Level 3 node. The transaction hash is ledgered to the Level 5 public chain to take advantage of the hash power of massive public networks.
Dragon Net can be thought of as a “blockchain of blockchains”, where every level is a complete private blockchain. Because an L1 can send to multiple nodes on a single level, proof of existence is distributed among many places in the network. Eventually, proof of existence reaches level 5 and is published on a public network.

API Documentation

APIs (on chain & off)

SDK Source

Nobody’s Perfect

Known issues or tradeoffs
  • Dragonchain is open source and even though the platform is easy enough for developers to code in any language they are comfortable with, we do not have so large a developer community as Ethereum. We would like to see the Ethereum developer community (and any other communities) become familiar with our SDK’s, our solutions, and our platform, to unlock the full potential of our Ethereum Interchain. Long ago we decided to prioritize both Bitcoin and Ethereum Interchains. We envision an ecosystem that encompasses different projects to give developers the ability to take full advantage of all the opportunities blockchain offers to create decentralized solutions not only for Reddit but for all of our current platforms and systems. We believe that together we will take the adoption of blockchain further. We currently have additional Interchain with Ethereum Classic. We look forward to Interchain with other blockchains in the future. We invite all blockchains projects who believe in decentralization and security to Interchain with Dragonchain.
  • While we only have 700 nodes compared to 8,000 Ethereum and 10,000 Bitcoin nodes. We harness those 18,000 nodes to scale to extremely high levels of security. See Dragonchain metrics.
  • Some may consider the centralization of Dragonchain’s business nodes as an issue at first glance, however, the model is by design to protect business data. We do not consider this a drawback as these nodes can make any, none, or all data public. Depending upon the implementation, every subreddit could have control of its own business node, for potential business and enterprise offerings, bringing new alternative revenue streams to Reddit.

Costs and resources

Summary of cost & resource information for both on-chain & off-chain components used in the PoC, as well as cost & resource estimates for further scaling. If your PoC is not on mainnet, make note of any mainnet caveats (such as congestion issues).
Every transaction on the PoC system had a transaction fee of $0.0001 (one-hundredth of a cent USD). At 256MM transactions, the demo cost $25,600. With current operational fees, the same demonstration would cost $640 USD.
For the demonstration, to achieve throughput to mimic a worldwide payments network, we modeled several clients in AWS and 4-5 business nodes to handle the traffic. The business nodes were tuned to handle higher throughput by adjusting memory and machine footprint on AWS. This flexibility is valuable to implementing a system such as envisioned by Reddit. Given that Reddit’s daily traffic (posts, replies, and votes) is less than half that of our demo, we would expect that the entire Reddit system could be handled on 2-5 business nodes using right-sized containers on AWS or similar environments.
Verification was accomplished on the operational Dragon Net network with over 700 independently owned verification nodes running around the world at no cost to the business other than paid transaction fees.

Requirements

Scaling

This PoC should scale to the numbers below with minimal costs (both on & off-chain). There should also be a clear path to supporting hundreds of millions of users.
Over a 5 day period, your scaling PoC should be able to handle:
*100,000 point claims (minting & distributing points) *25,000 subscriptions *75,000 one-off points burning *100,000 transfers
During Dragonchain’s 24 hour demo, the above required numbers were reached within the first few minutes.
Reddit’s total activity is 9000% more than Ethereum’s total transaction level. Even if you do not include votes, it is still 700% more than Ethereum’s current volume. Dragonchain has demonstrated that it can handle 250 million transactions a day, and it’s architecture allows for multiple systems to work at that level simultaneously. In our PoC, we demonstrate double the full capacity of Reddit, and every transaction was proven all the way to Bitcoin and Ethereum.
Reddit Scaling on Ethereum

Decentralization

Solutions should not depend on any single third-party provider. We prefer solutions that do not depend on specific entities such as Reddit or another provider, and solutions with no single point of control or failure in off-chain components but recognize there are numerous trade-offs to consider
Dragonchain’s architecture calls for a hybrid approach. Private business nodes hold the sensitive data while the validation and verification of transactions for the business are decentralized within seconds and secured to public blockchains within 10 minutes to 2 hours. Nodes could potentially be controlled by owners of individual subreddits for more organic decentralization.
  • Billing is currently centralized - there is a path to federation and decentralization of a scaled billing solution.
  • Operational multi-cloud
  • Operational on-premises capabilities
  • Operational deployment to any datacenter
  • Over 700 independent Community Verification Nodes with proof of ownership
  • Operational Interchain (Interoperable to Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Ethereum Classic, open to more)

Usability Scaling solutions should have a simple end user experience.

Users shouldn't have to maintain any extra state/proofs, regularly monitor activity, keep track of extra keys, or sign anything other than their normal transactions
Dragonchain and its customers have demonstrated extraordinary usability as a feature in many applications, where users do not need to know that the system is backed by a live blockchain. Lyceum is one of these examples, where the progress of academy courses is being tracked, and successful completion of courses is rewarded with certificates on chain. Our @Save_The_Tweet bot is popular on Twitter. When used with one of the following hashtags - #please, #blockchain, #ThankYou, or #eternalize the tweet is saved through Eternal to multiple blockchains. A proof report is available for future reference. Other examples in use are DEN, our decentralized social media platform, and our console, where users can track their node rewards, view their TIME, and operate a business node.
Examples:

Transactions complete in a reasonable amount of time (seconds or minutes, not hours or days)
All transactions are immediately usable on chain by the system. A transaction begins the path to decentralization at the conclusion of a 5-second block when it gets distributed across 5 separate community run nodes. Full decentralization occurs within 10 minutes to 2 hours depending on which interchain (Bitcoin, Ethereum, or Ethereum Classic) the transaction hits first. Within approximately 2 hours, the combined hash power of all interchained blockchains secures the transaction.

Free to use for end users (no gas fees, or fixed/minimal fees that Reddit can pay on their behalf)
With transaction pricing as low as $0.0000025 per transaction, it may be considered reasonable for Reddit to cover transaction fees for users.
All of Reddit's Transactions on Blockchain (month)
Community points can be earned by users and distributed directly to their Reddit account in batch (as per Reddit minting plan), and allow users to withdraw rewards to their Ethereum wallet whenever they wish. Withdrawal fees can be paid by either user or Reddit. This model has been operating inside the Dragonchain system since 2018, and many security and financial compliance features can be optionally added. We feel that this capability greatly enhances user experience because it is seamless to a regular user without cryptocurrency experience, yet flexible to a tech savvy user. With regard to currency or token transactions, these would occur on the Reddit network, verified to BTC and ETH. These transactions would incur the $0.0000025 transaction fee. To estimate this fee we use the monthly active Reddit users statista with a 60% adoption rate and an estimated 10 transactions per month average resulting in an approximate $720 cost across the system. Reddit could feasibly incur all associated internal network charges (mining/minting, transfer, burn) as these are very low and controllable fees.
Reddit Internal Token Transaction Fees

Reddit Ethereum Token Transaction Fees
When we consider further the Ethereum fees that might be incurred, we have a few choices for a solution.
  1. Offload all Ethereum transaction fees (user withdrawals) to interested users as they wish to withdraw tokens for external use or sale.
  2. Cover Ethereum transaction fees by aggregating them on a timed schedule. Users would request withdrawal (from Reddit or individual subreddits), and they would be transacted on the Ethereum network every hour (or some other schedule).
  3. In a combination of the above, customers could cover aggregated fees.
  4. Integrate with alternate Ethereum roll up solutions or other proposals to aggregate minting and distribution transactions onto Ethereum.

Bonus Points

Users should be able to view their balances & transactions via a blockchain explorer-style interface
From interfaces for users who have no knowledge of blockchain technology to users who are well versed in blockchain terms such as those present in a typical block explorer, a system powered by Dragonchain has flexibility on how to provide balances and transaction data to users. Transactions can be made viewable in an Eternal Proof Report, which displays raw data along with TIME staking information and traceability all the way to Bitcoin, Ethereum, and every other Interchained network. The report shows fields such as transaction ID, timestamp, block ID, multiple verifications, and Interchain proof. See example here.
Node payouts within the Dragonchain console are listed in chronological order and can be further seen in either Dragons or USD. See example here.
In our social media platform, Dragon Den, users can see, in real-time, their NRG and MTR balances. See example here.
A new influencer app powered by Dragonchain, Raiinmaker, breaks down data into a user friendly interface that shows coin portfolio, redeemed rewards, and social scores per campaign. See example here.

Exiting is fast & simple
Withdrawing funds on Dragonchain’s console requires three clicks, however, withdrawal scenarios with more enhanced security features per Reddit’s discretion are obtainable.

Interoperability Compatibility with third party apps (wallets/contracts/etc) is necessary.
Proven interoperability at scale that surpasses the required specifications. Our entire platform consists of interoperable blockchains connected to each other and traditional systems. APIs are well documented. Third party permissions are possible with a simple smart contract without the end user being aware. No need to learn any specialized proprietary language. Any code base (not subsets) is usable within a Docker container. Interoperable with any blockchain or traditional APIs. We’ve witnessed relatively complex systems built by engineers with no blockchain or cryptocurrency experience. We’ve also demonstrated the creation of smart contracts within minutes built with BASH shell and Node.js. Please see our source code and API documentation.

Scaling solutions should be extensible and allow third parties to build on top of it Open source and extensible
APIs should be well documented and stable

Documentation should be clear and complete
For full documentation, explore our docs, SDK’s, Github repo’s, architecture documents, original Disney documentation, and other links or resources provided in this proposal.

Third-party permissionless integrations should be possible & straightforward Smart contracts are Docker based, can be written in any language, use full language (not subsets), and can therefore be integrated with any system including traditional system APIs. Simple is better. Learning an uncommon or proprietary language should not be necessary.
Advanced knowledge of mathematics, cryptography, or L2 scaling should not be required. Compatibility with common utilities & toolchains is expected.
Dragonchain business nodes and smart contracts leverage Docker to allow the use of literally any language or executable code. No proprietary language is necessary. We’ve witnessed relatively complex systems built by engineers with no blockchain or cryptocurrency experience. We’ve also demonstrated the creation of smart contracts within minutes built with BASH shell and Node.js.

Bonus

Bonus Points: Show us how it works. Do you have an idea for a cool new use case for Community Points? Build it!

TIME

Community points could be awarded to Reddit users based upon TIME too, whereas the longer someone is part of a subreddit, the more community points someone naturally gained, even if not actively commenting or sharing new posts. A daily login could be required for these community points to be credited. This grants awards to readers too and incentivizes readers to create an account on Reddit if they browse the website often. This concept could also be leveraged to provide some level of reputation based upon duration and consistency of contribution to a community subreddit.

Dragon Den

Dragonchain has already built a social media platform that harnesses community involvement. Dragon Den is a decentralized community built on the Dragonchain blockchain platform. Dragon Den is Dragonchain’s answer to fake news, trolling, and censorship. It incentivizes the creation and evaluation of quality content within communities. It could be described as being a shareholder of a subreddit or Reddit in its entirety. The more your subreddit is thriving, the more rewarding it will be. Den is currently in a public beta and in active development, though the real token economy is not live yet. There are different tokens for various purposes. Two tokens are Lair Ownership Rights (LOR) and Lair Ownership Tokens (LOT). LOT is a non-fungible token for ownership of a specific Lair. LOT will only be created and converted from LOR.
Energy (NRG) and Matter (MTR) work jointly. Your MTR determines how much NRG you receive in a 24-hour period. Providing quality content, or evaluating content will earn MTR.

Security. Users have full ownership & control of their points.
All community points awarded based upon any type of activity or gift, are secured and provable to all Interchain networks (currently BTC, ETH, ETC). Users are free to spend and withdraw their points as they please, depending on the features Reddit wants to bring into production.

Balances and transactions cannot be forged, manipulated, or blocked by Reddit or anyone else
Users can withdraw their balance to their ERC20 wallet, directly through Reddit. Reddit can cover the fees on their behalf, or the user covers this with a portion of their balance.

Users should own their points and be able to get on-chain ERC20 tokens without permission from anyone else
Through our console users can withdraw their ERC20 rewards. This can be achieved on Reddit too. Here is a walkthrough of our console, though this does not show the quick withdrawal functionality, a user can withdraw at any time. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aNlTMxnfVHw

Points should be recoverable to on-chain ERC20 tokens even if all third-parties involved go offline
If necessary, signed transactions from the Reddit system (e.g. Reddit + Subreddit) can be sent to the Ethereum smart contract for minting.

A public, third-party review attesting to the soundness of the design should be available
To our knowledge, at least two large corporations, including a top 3 accounting firm, have conducted positive reviews. These reviews have never been made public, as Dragonchain did not pay or contract for these studies to be released.

Bonus points
Public, third-party implementation review available or in progress
See above

Compatibility with HSMs & hardware wallets
For the purpose of this proposal, all tokenization would be on the Ethereum network using standard token contracts and as such, would be able to leverage all hardware wallet and Ethereum ecosystem services.

Other Considerations

Minting/distributing tokens is not performed by Reddit directly
This operation can be automated by smart contract on Ethereum. Subreddits can if desired have a role to play.

One off point burning, as well as recurring, non-interactive point burning (for subreddit memberships) should be possible and scalable
This is possible and scalable with interaction between Dragonchain Reddit system and Ethereum token contract(s).

Fully open-source solutions are strongly preferred
Dragonchain is fully open source (see section on Disney release after conclusion).

Conclusion

Whether it is today, or in the future, we would like to work together to bring secure flexibility to the highest standards. It is our hope to be considered by Ethereum, Reddit, and other integrative solutions so we may further discuss the possibilities of implementation. In our public demonstration, 256 million transactions were handled in our operational network on chain in 24 hours, for the low cost of $25K, which if run today would cost $625. Dragonchain’s interoperable foundation provides the atmosphere necessary to implement a frictionless community points system. Thank you for your consideration of our proposal. We look forward to working with the community to make something great!

Disney Releases Blockchain Platform as Open Source

The team at Disney created the Disney Private Blockchain Platform. The system was a hybrid interoperable blockchain platform for ledgering and smart contract development geared toward solving problems with blockchain adoption and usability. All objective evaluation would consider the team’s output a success. We released a list of use cases that we explored in some capacity at Disney, and our input on blockchain standardization as part of our participation in the W3C Blockchain Community Group.
https://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-blockchain/2016May/0052.html

Open Source

In 2016, Roets proposed to release the platform as open source to spread the technology outside of Disney, as others within the W3C group were interested in the solutions that had been created inside of Disney.
Following a long process, step by step, the team met requirements for release. Among the requirements, the team had to:
  • Obtain VP support and approval for the release
  • Verify ownership of the software to be released
  • Verify that no proprietary content would be released
  • Convince the organization that there was a value to the open source community
  • Convince the organization that there was a value to Disney
  • Offer the plan for ongoing maintenance of the project outside of Disney
  • Itemize competing projects
  • Verify no conflict of interest
  • Preferred license
  • Change the project name to not use the name Disney, any Disney character, or any other associated IP - proposed Dragonchain - approved
  • Obtain legal approval
  • Approval from corporate, parks, and other business units
  • Approval from multiple Disney patent groups Copyright holder defined by Disney (Disney Connected and Advanced Technologies)
  • Trademark searches conducted for the selected name Dragonchain
  • Obtain IT security approval
  • Manual review of OSS components conducted
  • OWASP Dependency and Vulnerability Check Conducted
  • Obtain technical (software) approval
  • Offer management, process, and financial plans for the maintenance of the project.
  • Meet list of items to be addressed before release
  • Remove all Disney project references and scripts
  • Create a public distribution list for email communications
  • Remove Roets’ direct and internal contact information
  • Create public Slack channel and move from Disney slack channels
  • Create proper labels for issue tracking
  • Rename internal private Github repository
  • Add informative description to Github page
  • Expand README.md with more specific information
  • Add information beyond current “Blockchains are Magic”
  • Add getting started sections and info on cloning/forking the project
  • Add installation details
  • Add uninstall process
  • Add unit, functional, and integration test information
  • Detail how to contribute and get involved
  • Describe the git workflow that the project will use
  • Move to public, non-Disney git repository (Github or Bitbucket)
  • Obtain Disney Open Source Committee approval for release
On top of meeting the above criteria, as part of the process, the maintainer of the project had to receive the codebase on their own personal email and create accounts for maintenance (e.g. Github) with non-Disney accounts. Given the fact that the project spanned multiple business units, Roets was individually responsible for its ongoing maintenance. Because of this, he proposed in the open source application to create a non-profit organization to hold the IP and maintain the project. This was approved by Disney.
The Disney Open Source Committee approved the application known as OSSRELEASE-10, and the code was released on October 2, 2016. Disney decided to not issue a press release.
Original OSSRELASE-10 document

Dragonchain Foundation

The Dragonchain Foundation was created on January 17, 2017. https://den.social/l/Dragonchain/24130078352e485d96d2125082151cf0/dragonchain-and-disney/
submitted by j0j0r0 to ethereum [link] [comments]

How To Mine 1 Bitcoin in 10 Minutes - Blockchain BTC Miner ... Bitcoin Mining 2019 - Should We Mine Bitcoin? - YouTube How Much Can You Make Mining Bitcoin With 6X 1080 Ti ... How many bitcoins you can mine in an hour on a regular ... how to mine bitcoin a average PC?? Yup, Its still possible and here is how! 2017

Calculating the time to Mine 1 Bitcoin. Determining the exact time it takes to successfully mine 1 Bitcoin is very difficult since this value depends on the computing power of the equipment and the amount of competition at any single moment. On average, the time it takes for all the miner’s computational power in the world to obtain 1 BTC is 20 minutes, a figure which comes as a result of ... The average block confirmation time in the Bitcoin blockchain is 10 minutes. That means that every 10 minutes, the first miner to solve the crypto puzzle receives a block reward. How long does it take to mine 1 Bitcoin? This question has no fixed answer. The reason for this is something called ‘mining difficulty’. It is a dynamic parameter that controls the computing power needed to mine a ... The problem is that the Bitcoin difficulty is constantly adjusting to keep the average time between two blocks more or less constant at 5 minutes. Which mean that the more computing power is dedicated to mining bitcoin (in total), the more computing power you will need to mine the next blocks. This has driven an insane arms race among the miners, which means that it is now practically ... * You can't "mine a bitcoin". What you can mine is a block, which is currently rewarded with 25 bitcoins (plus the fees of included transactions) * What most small miners do (and even some big ones) is pooled mining: you contribute your computing... In brief. Bitcoin mining is a process that sees high-powered computers compete to discover a Bitcoin block and earn rewards for doing so. Using a top of the line ASIC miner such as an Antminer S19 Pro, it would take around 1,200 days to mine a single Bitcoin through a mining pool.

[index] [7380] [21579] [6238] [1815] [12061] [38721] [39670] [25885] [22264] [9219]

How To Mine 1 Bitcoin in 10 Minutes - Blockchain BTC Miner ...

How to calculate bitcoin mining profitability. Innosilicon T3 57TH BTC miner profitability. Learn how to mine bitcoins in 2020 with warrior mining. Start mining bitcoins in our btc mining farm ... Bitcoin Price: Now Is The Time To Buy Bitcoin Published March 24, 2017 I want take a second to tell everyone why it’s time to buy bitcoin and it’s BEEN time to buy bitcoin for a long time. I created this video with the YouTube Video Editor (http://www.youtube.com/editor) What it really takes to mine a Bitcoin in 10 Minutes. Firstly I'll show you a special free method to mine Bitcoin and send funds directly to your wallet in 1... SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE HOW MUCH - http://shorturl.at/arBHL Nviddia GTX 1080 Ti - https://amzn.to/2Hiw5xp 6X GPU Mining Rig Case - https://bitcoinmerch.com/produc...

#