Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System

Mockingbird X.0

Imagine if there was one desk that all stories could cross so that, at 4am, a media plan could be decided upon and disseminated where all news outlets coordinated to set the goalposts of debate and hyper focused on specific issues to drive a narrative to control how you vote and how you spend money; where Internet shills were given marching orders in tandem to what was shown on television, printed in newspapers and spread throughout articles on the World Wide Web.
https://i.imgur.com/Elnci0M.png
In the past, we had Operation Mockingbird, where the program was supremely confident that it could control stories around the world, even in instructions to cover up any story about a possible “Yeti” sighting, should it turn out they were real.
https://i.imgur.com/121LXqy.png
If, in 1959, the government was confident in its ability to control a story about a Yeti, then what is their level of confidence in controlling stories, today?
https://i.imgur.com/jQFVYew.png
https://i.imgur.com/ZKMYGJj.png
In fact, we have a recent example of a situation similar to the Yeti. When Bill Clinton and Loretta Lynch met on the TARMAC to spike the Hillary email investigation, the FBI was so confident it wasn’t them, that their entire focus was finding the leaker, starting with searching within the local PD. We have documentation that demonstrates the state of mind of the confidence the upper levels of the FBI have when dealing with the media.
https://i.imgur.com/IbjDOkI.png
https://i.imgur.com/NH86ozU.png
The marriage between mainstream media and government is a literal one and this arrangement is perfectly legal.
https://i.imgur.com/OAd4vpf.png
But, this problem extends far beyond politics; the private sector, the scientific community, even advice forums are shilled heavily. People are paid to cause anxiety, recommend people break up and otherwise sow depression and nervousness. This is due to a correlating force that employs “systems psychodynamics”, focusing on “tension centered” strategies to create “organizational paradoxes” by targeting people’s basic assumptions about the world around them to create division and provide distraction.
https://i.imgur.com/6OEWYFN.png
https://i.imgur.com/iG4sdD4.png
https://i.imgur.com/e89Rx6B.png
https://i.imgur.com/uotm9Cg.png
https://i.imgur.com/74wt9tD.png
In this day and age, it is even easier to manage these concepts and push a controlled narrative from a central figure than it has ever been. Allen & Co is a “boutique investment firm” that managed the merger between Disney and Fox and operates as an overseeing force for nearly all media and Internet shill armies, while having it’s fingers in sports, social media, video games, health insurance, etc.
https://i.imgur.com/zlpBh3c.png
https://i.imgur.com/e5ZvFFJ.png
Former director of the CIA and Paul Brennan’s former superior George Tenet, holds the reigns of Allen & Co. The cast of characters involves a lot of the usual suspects.
https://i.imgur.com/3OlrX7G.png
In 1973, Allen & Company bought a stake in Columbia Pictures. When the business was sold in 1982 to Coca-Cola, it netted a significant profit. Since then, Herbert Allen, Jr. has had a place on Coca-Cola's board of directors.
Since its founding in 1982, the Allen & Company Sun Valley Conference has regularly drawn high-profile attendees such as Bill Gates, Warren Buffett, Rupert Murdoch, Barry Diller, Michael Eisner, Oprah Winfrey, Robert Johnson, Andy Grove, Richard Parsons, and Donald Keough.
Allen & Co. was one of ten underwriters for the Google initial public offering in 2004. In 2007, Allen was sole advisor to Activision in its $18 billion merger with Vivendi Games. In 2011, the New York Mets hired Allen & Co. to sell a minority stake of the team. That deal later fell apart. In November 2013, Allen & Co. was one of seven underwriters on the initial public offering of Twitter. Allen & Co. was the adviser of Facebook in its $19 billion acquisition of WhatsApp in February 2014.
In 2015, Allen & Co. was the advisor to Time Warner in its $80 billion 2015 merger with Charter Communications, AOL in its acquisition by Verizon, Centene Corporation in its $6.8 billion acquisition of Health Net, and eBay in its separation from PayPal.
In 2016, Allen & Co was the lead advisor to Time Warner in its $108 billion acquisition by AT&T, LinkedIn for its merger talks with Microsoft, Walmart in its $3.3 billion purchase of Jet.com, and Verizon in its $4.8 billion acquisition of Yahoo!. In 2017, Allen & Co. was the advisor to Chewy.com in PetSmart’s $3.35 billion purchase of the online retailer.
Allen & Co throws the Sun Valley Conference every year where you get a glimpse of who sows up. Harvey Weinstein, though a past visitor, was not invited last year.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allen_%26_Company_Sun_Valley_Conference
Previous conference guests have included Bill and Melinda Gates, Warren and Susan Buffett, Tony Blair, Google founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin, Allen alumnus and former Philippine Senator Mar Roxas, Google Chairman Eric Schmidt, Quicken Loans Founder & Chairman Dan Gilbert, Yahoo! co-founder Jerry Yang, financier George Soros, Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg, Media Mogul Rupert Murdoch, eBay CEO Meg Whitman, BET founder Robert Johnson, Time Warner Chairman Richard Parsons, Nike founder and chairman Phil Knight, Dell founder and CEO Michael Dell, NBA player LeBron James, Professor and Entrepreneur Sebastian Thrun, Governor Chris Christie, entertainer Dan Chandler, Katharine Graham of The Washington Post, Diane Sawyer, InterActiveCorp Chairman Barry Diller, Linkedin co-founder Reid Hoffman, entrepreneur Wences Casares, EXOR and FCA Chairman John Elkann, Sandro Salsano from Salsano Group, and Washington Post CEO Donald E. Graham, Ivanka Trump and Jared Kushner, and Oprah Winfrey.
https://i.imgur.com/VZ0OtFa.png
George Tenet, with the reigns of Allen & Co in his hands, is able to single-handedly steer the entire Mockingbird apparatus from cable television to video games to Internet shills from a singular location determining the spectrum of allowable debate. Not only are they able to target people’s conscious psychology, they can target people’s endocrine systems with food and pornography; where people are unaware, on a conscious level, of how their moods and behavior are being manipulated.
https://i.imgur.com/mA3MzTB.png
"The problem with George Tenet is that he doesn't seem to care to get his facts straight. He is not meticulous. He is willing to make up stories that suit his purposes and to suppress information that does not."
"Sadly but fittingly, 'At the Center of the Storm' is likely to remind us that sometimes what lies at the center of a storm is a deafening silence."
https://i.imgur.com/YHMJnnP.png
Tenet joined President-elect Bill Clinton's national security transition team in November 1992. Clinton appointed Tenet Senior Director for Intelligence Programs at the National Security Council, where he served from 1993 to 1995. Tenet was appointed Deputy Director of Central Intelligence in July 1995. Tenet held the position as the DCI from July 1997 to July 2004. Citing "personal reasons," Tenet submitted his resignation to President Bush on June 3, 2004. Tenet said his resignation "was a personal decision and had only one basis—in fact, the well-being of my wonderful family—nothing more and nothing less. In February 2008, he became a managing director at investment bank Allen & Company.
https://i.imgur.com/JnGHqOS.png
We have the documentation that demonstrates what these people could possibly be doing with all of these tools of manipulation at their fingertips.
The term for it is “covert political action” for which all media put before your eyes is used to serve as a veneer… a reality TV show facade of a darker modus operandum.
https://i.imgur.com/vZC4D29.png
https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/kent-csi/vol36no3/html/v36i3a05p_0001.htm
It is now clear that we are facing an implacable enemy whose avowed objective is world domination by whatever means and at whatever costs. There are no rules in such a game. Hitherto acceptable norms of human conduct do not apply. If the US is to survive, longstanding American concepts of "fair play" must be reconsidered. We must develop effective espionage and counterespionage services and must learn to subvert, sabotage and destroy our enemies by more clever, more sophisticated means than those used against us. It may become necessary that the American people be made acquainted with, understand and support this fundamentally repugnant philosophy.
http://www.nbcnews.com/id/3340677/t/cia-operatives-shadowy-war-force/
Intelligence historian Jeffrey T. Richelson says the S.A. has covered a variety of missions. The group, which recently was reorganized, has had about 200 officers, divided among several groups: the Special Operations Group; the Foreign Training Group, which trains foreign police and intelligence officers; the Propaganda and Political Action Group, which handles disinformation; the Computer Operations Group, which handles information warfare; and the Proprietary Management Staff, which manages whatever companies the CIA sets up as covers for the S.A.
Scientology as a CIA Political Action Group – “It is a continuing arrangement…”: https://mikemcclaughry.wordpress.com/2015/08/25/scientology-as-a-cia-political-action-group-it-is-a-continuing-arrangement/
…Those operations we inaugurated in the years 1955-7 are still secret, but, for present purposes, I can say all that’s worth saying about them in a few sentences – after, that is, I offer these few words of wisdom. The ‘perfect’ political action operation is, by definition, uneventful. Nothing ‘happens’ in it. It is a continuing arrangement, neither a process nor a series of actions proceeding at a starting point and ending with a conclusion.
CIA FBI NSA Personnel Active in Scientology: https://i.imgur.com/acu2Eti.png
When you consider the number of forces that can be contained within a single “political action group” in the form on a “boutique investment firm,” where all sides of political arguments are predetermined by a selected group of actors who have been planted, compromised or leveraged in some way in order to control the way they spin their message.
https://i.imgur.com/tU4MD4S.png
The evidence of this coordinated effort is overwhelming and the “consensus” that you see on TV, in sports, in Hollywood, in the news and on the Internet is fabricated.
Under the guise of a fake account a posting is made which looks legitimate and is towards the truth is made - but the critical point is that it has a VERY WEAK PREMISE without substantive proof to back the posting. Once this is done then under alternative fake accounts a very strong position in your favour is slowly introduced over the life of the posting. It is IMPERATIVE that both sides are initially presented, so the uninformed reader cannot determine which side is the truth. As postings and replies are made the stronger 'evidence' or disinformation in your favour is slowly 'seeded in.'
Thus the uninformed reader will most likely develop the same position as you, and if their position is against you their opposition to your posting will be most likely dropped. However in some cases where the forum members are highly educated and can counter your disinformation with real facts and linked postings, you can then 'abort' the consensus cracking by initiating a 'forum slide.'
When you find yourself feeling like common sense and common courtesy aren’t as common as they ought to be, it is because there is a massive psychological operation controlled from the top down to ensure that as many people as possible are caught in a “tension based” mental loop that is inflicted on them by people acting with purpose to achieve goals that are not in the interest of the general population, but a method of operating in secret and corrupt manner without consequences.
Notice that Jeffrey Katzenberg, of Disney, who is intertwined with Allen & Co funds the Young Turks. He is the perfect example of the relationship between media and politics.
Katzenberg has also been involved in politics. With his active support of Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama, he was called "one of Hollywood's premier political kingmakers and one of the Democratic Party's top national fundraisers."
With cash from Jeffrey Katzenberg, The Young Turks looks to grow paid subscribers:
https://digiday.com/media/with-cash-from-katzenberg-the-young-turks-look-to-grow-paid-subscribers/
Last week, former DreamWorks Animation CEO Jeffrey Katzenberg’s new mobile entertainment company WndrCo was part of a $20 million funding round in TYT Network, which oversees 30 news and commentary shows covering politics, pop culture, sports and more. This includes the flagship “The Young Turks” program that streams live on YouTube every day. Other investors in the round included venture capital firms Greycroft Partners, E.ventures and 3L Capital, which led the round. This brings total funding for Young Turks to $24 million.
How Hollywood's Political Donors Are Changing Strategies for the Trump Era:
https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/features/hollywood-political-donors-are-changing-strategy-post-trump-1150545
Hollywood activism long has been depicted as a club controlled by a handful of powerful white men: Katzenberg, Spielberg, Lear, David Geffen, Haim Saban and Bob Iger are the names most often mentioned. But a new generation of power brokers is ascendant, including J.J. Abrams and his wife, Katie McGrath, cited for their personal donations and bundling skills; Shonda Rhimes, who held a get-out-the-vote rally at USC's Galen Center on Sept. 28 that drew 10,000 people; CAA's Darnell Strom, who has hosted events for Nevada congresswoman Jacky Rosen and Arizona congresswoman Kyrsten Sinema; and former Spotify executive Troy Carter, who held three fundraisers for Maryland gubernatorial candidate Ben Jealous (Carter also was a fundraiser for President Obama).
Soros Group Buys Viacom's DreamWorks Film Library:
https://www.forbes.com/2006/03/17/soros-viacom-dreamworks-cx_gl_0317autofacescan11.html#541a895f1f22
Viacom, after splitting off from Les Moonves Les Moonves ' CBS , still holds Paramount Pictures, and that movie studio in December agreed to acquire DreamWorks SKG, the creative shop founded by the Hollywood triumvirate of Steven Spielberg, David Geffen and Jeffrey Katzenberg (a former exec at The Walt Disney Co.). DreamWorks Animation had been spun off into a separate company.
Now it's time for Freston to make back some money--and who better to do a little business with than George Soros? The billionaire financier leads a consortium of Soros Strategic Partners LP and Dune Entertainment II LLC, which together are buying the DreamWorks library--a collection of 59 flicks, including Saving Private Ryan, Gladiator, and American Beauty.
The money you spend on media and junk food and in taxes goes to these groups who then decide how best to market at you so that they decide how you vote by creating a fake consensus to trick into thinking that you want something other than what is best for you; but will inevitably result in more money being funneled to the top, creating further separation between the super rich and the average person. The goal will be to assert creeping authoritarianism by generating outrage against policies and issues they hate. Part of manipulating your basic assumptions is also to use schadenfreude (think canned laughter on TV) against characters who support the cause that might actually do you the most good (which reaffirms and strengthens your confirmation biased along predetermined political lines).
https://i.imgur.com/PW1cRtj.png
We have a population being taught to hate socialism and love capitalism when the truth is no country is practicing either. These terms are merely disguises for political oligarchies where the collection of wealth is less about getting themselves rich and more about keeping everyone else poor.
What can you guess about the world around you if it turned out that every consensus that was forced on you was fake?
How much money would it take to make it look like 51% of the Internet believed in completely idiotic ideas? Combine shill operations with automation and AI’s, and the cost becomes a good investment relative to the return when measured in political power.
Even the people who are well intentioned and very vocal do not have to consciously be aware that they are working for a political action group. A covert political group will always prefer an unwitting tool to help push their agenda, so that they can remain in the shadows.
FDA Admonishes Drug Maker Over Kim Kardashian Instagram Endorsement https://www.forbes.com/sites/davidkroll/2015/08/11/fda-spanks-drug-maker-over-kim-kardashian-instagram-endorsement/#25174a29587b
The OSS files offer details about other agents than famous chef, Julia Child; including Supreme Court Justice Arthur Goldberg, major league catcher Moe Berg, historian Arthur Schlesinger Jr., and actor Sterling Hayden. http://www.nbcnews.com/id/26186498/ns/us_news-security/t/julia-child-cooked-double-life-spy/
USA Today: Businesses and organizations may refer to it as a tool for competitive advantage and marketing; but make no mistake http://archive.is/37tK3
Shareblue accounts caught in /politics posting links to Shareblue without disclosing their affiliation http://archive.is/7HAkr
Psy Group developed elaborate information operations for commercial clients and political candidates around the world http://archive.is/BBblQ
Top mod of /Mechanical_Gifs tries to sell subreddit on ebay for 999.00 dollars. http://archive.is/kU1Ly
Shill posts picture of a dog in a hammock with the brand clearly visible without indicating that it's an ad in the title of the post http://archive.is/Mfdk9
Arstechnica: GCHQs menu of tools spreads disinformation across Internet- “Effects capabilities” allow analysts to twist truth subtly or spam relentlessly. http://arstechnica.com/security/2014/07/ghcqs-chinese-menu-of-tools-spread-disinformation-across-internet/
Samsung Electronics Fined for Fake Online Comments http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/10/24/samsung-electronics-fined-for-fake-online-comments/?_r=0
Discover Magazine: Researchers Uncover Twitter Bot Army That’s 350 http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2017/01/20/twitter-bot-army/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A%20DiscoverTechnology%20%28Discover%20Technology%29#.WIMl-oiLTnA
Times of Israel - The internet: Israel’s new PR battlefield http://blogs.timesofisrael.com/the-rise-of-digital-diplomacy-could-be-changing-israels-media-image/
Time: Social Media Manipulation? When “Indie” Bloggers and Businesses Get Cozy http://business.time.com/2013/04/22/social-media-manipulation-when-indie-bloggers-and-businesses-get-cozy/
Content-Driven Detection of Campaigns in Social Media [PDF] http://faculty.cs.tamu.edu/caverlee/pubs/lee11cikm.pdf
the law preventing them from using this in America was repealed http://foreignpolicy.com/2013/07/14/u-s-repeals-propaganda-ban-spreads-government-made-news-to-americans/
Redditor who works for a potato mailing company admits to being a shill. He shows off his 27 thousand dollars he made in /pics
http://i.imgur.com/CcTHwdS.png
Screenshot of post since it was removed. http://i.imgur.com/k9g0WF8.png
Just thought I'd contribute to this thread http://imgur.com/OpSos4u
CNN: A PR firm has revealed that it is behind two blogs that previously appeared to be created by independent supporters of Wal-Mart. The blogs Working Families for Wal-mart and subsidiary site Paid Critics are written by 3 employees of PR firm Edelman http://money.cnn.com/2006/10/20/news/companies/walmart_blogs/index.htm
Vice: Your Government Wants to Militarize Social Media to Influence Your Beliefs http://motherboard.vice.com/read/your-government-wants-to-militarize-social-media-to-influence-your-beliefs
BBC News: China's Internet spin doctors http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/7783640.stm
BBC News: US plans to 'fight the net' revealed http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/4655196.stm
Wall Street Journal: Turkey's Government Forms 6 http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424127887323527004579079151479634742?mg=reno64-wsj&url=http%3A%2F%2Fonline.wsj.com%2Farticle%2FSB10001424127887323527004579079151479634742.html
Fake product reviews may be pervasive http://phys.org/news/2013-07-fake-product-pervasive.html#nRlv
USA Today: The co-owner of a major Pentagon propaganda contractor publicly admitted that he was behind a series of websites used in an attempt to discredit two USA TODAY journalists who had reported on the contractor. http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/military/story/2012-05-24/Leonie-usa-today-propaganda-pentagon/55190450/1
ADWEEK: Marketing on Reddit Is Scary http://www.adweek.com/news/technology/marketing-reddit-scary-these-success-stories-show-big-potential-168278
BBC- How online chatbots are already tricking you- Intelligent machines that can pass for humans have long been dreamed of http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20140609-how-online-bots-are-tricking-you
BBC news: Amazon targets 1 http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-34565631
BBC: More than four times as many tweets were made by automated accounts in favour of Donald Trump around the first US presidential debate as by those backing Hillary Clinton http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-37684418
Fake five-star reviews being bought and sold online - Fake online reviews are being openly traded on the internet
http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-43907695
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-20982985
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-20982985
Bloomberg: How to Hack an Election [and influence voters with fake social media accounts] http://www.bloomberg.com/features/2016-how-to-hack-an-election/
"Internet Reputation Management http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2008-04-30/do-reputation-management-services-work-businessweek-business-news-stock-market-and-financial-advice
Buzzfeed: Documents Show How Russia’s Troll Army Hit America http://www.buzzfeed.com/maxseddon/documents-show-how-russias-troll-army-hit-america#.ki8Mz97ly
The Rise of Social Bots http://www.cacm.acm.org/magazines/2016/7/204021-the-rise-of-social-bots/fulltext
CBC News- Canadian government monitors online forums http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/bureaucrats-monitor-online-forums-1.906351
Chicago Tribune: Nutrition for sale: How Kellogg worked with 'independent experts' to tout cereal http://www.chicagotribune.com/business/ct-kellogg-independent-experts-cereal-20161121-story.html
DailyKos: HBGary: Automated social media management http://www.dailykos.com/story/2011/02/16/945768/-UPDATED-The-HB-Gary-Email-That-Should-Concern-Us-All
Meme Warfare Center http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tfulltext/u2/a507172.pdf
Shilling on Reddit is openly admitted to in this Forbes article http://www.forbes.com/sites/julesschroede2016/03/10/the-magic-formula-behind-going-viral-on-reddit/#1d2485b05271
Forbes: From Tinder Bots To 'Cuban Twitter' http://www.forbes.com/sites/kashmirhill/2014/04/17/from-tinder-bots-to-covert-social-networks-welcome-to-cognitive-hacking/#4b78e2d92a7d
Hivemind http://www.hivemind.cc/rank/shills
Huffington Post- Exposing Cyber Shills and Social Media's Underworld http://www.huffingtonpost.com/sam-fiorella/cyber-shills_b_2803801.html
The Independent: Massive British PR firm caught on video: "We've got all sorts of dark arts...The ambition is to drown that negative content and make sure that you have positive content online." They discuss techniques for managing reputations online and creating/maintaining 3rd-party blogs that seem independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/caught-on-camera-top-lobbyists-boasting-how-they-influence-the-pm-6272760.html
New York Times: Lifestyle Lift http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/15/technology/internet/15lift.html?_r=1&emc=eta1
New York Times: Give Yourself 5 Stars? Online http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/23/technology/give-yourself-4-stars-online-it-might-cost-you.html?src=me&ref=general
NY Times- From a nondescript office building in St. Petersburg http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/07/magazine/the-agency.html?_r=1
NY Times: Effort to Expose Russia’s ‘Troll Army’ Draws Vicious Retaliation http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/31/world/europe/russia-finland-nato-trolls.html?_r=1
PBS Frontline Documentary - Generation Like http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/film/generation-like/
Gamers promote gaming-gambling site on youtube by pretending to hit jackpot without disclosing that they own the site. They tried to retroactively write a disclosure covering their tracks http://www.pcgamer.com/csgo-lotto-investigation-uncovers-colossal-conflict-of-interest/
Raw Story: CENTCOM engages bloggers http://www.rawstory.com/news/2006/Raw_obtains_CENTCOM_email_to_bloggers_1016.html
Raw Story: Air Force ordered software to manage army of fake virtual people http://www.rawstory.com/rs/2011/02/18/revealed-air-force-ordered-software-to-manage-army-of-fake-virtual-people/
Redective http://www.redective.com/?r=e&a=search&s=subreddit&t=redective&q=shills
Salon: Why Reddit moderators are censoring Glenn Greenwald’s latest news story on shills http://www.salon.com/2014/02/28/why_reddit_moderators_are_censoring_glenn_greenwalds_latest_bombshell_partne
The Atlantic: Kim Kardashian was paid to post a selfie on Instagram and Twitter advertising a pharmaceutical product. Sent to 42 million followers on Instagram and 32 million on Twitter http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2015/09/fda-drug-promotion-social-media/404563/
WAR.COM: THE INTERNET AND PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS http://www.theblackvault.com/documents/ADA389269.pdf
The Guardian: Internet Astroturfing http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/libertycentral/2010/dec/13/astroturf-libertarians-internet-democracy
The Guardian: Israel ups the stakes in the propaganda war http://www.theguardian.com/media/2006/nov/20/mondaymediasection.israel
Operation Earnest Voice http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2011/ma17/us-spy-operation-social-networks
The Guardian: British army creates team of Facebook warriors http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2015/jan/31/british-army-facebook-warriors-77th-brigade
The Guardian: US military studied how to influence Twitter [and Reddit] users in Darpa-funded research [2014] http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jul/08/darpa-social-networks-research-twitter-influence-studies
The Guardian: Chinese officials flood the Chinese internet with positive social media posts to distract their population http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/may/20/chinese-officials-create-488m-social-media-posts-a-year-study-finds
Times of Israel: Israeli government paying bilingual students to spread propaganda online primarily to international communities without having to identify themselves as working for the government. "The [student] union will operate computer rooms for the project...it was decided to establish a permanent structure of activity on the Internet through the students at academic institutions in the country." http://www.timesofisrael.com/pmo-stealthily-recruiting-students-for-online-advocacy/
USA Today: Lord & Taylor settles FTC charges over paid Instagram posts http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/2016/03/15/lord--taylor-settles-ftc-charges-over-paid-instagram-posts/81801972/
Researcher's algorithm weeds out people using multiple online accounts to spread propaganda - Based on word choice http://www.utsa.edu/today/2016/10/astroturfing.html
http://www.webinknow.com/2008/12/the-us-air-force-armed-with-social-media.html
Wired: Powered by rapid advances in artificial intelligence http://www.wired.co.uk/magazine/archive/2015/06/wired-world-2015/robot-propaganda
Wired: Clinton Staff and Volunteers Busted for Astroturfing [in 2007] http://www.wired.com/2007/12/clinton-staff-a/
Wired: Pro-Government Twitter Bots Try to Hush Mexican Activists http://www.wired.com/2015/08/pro-government-twitter-bots-try-hush-mexican-activists/
Wired: Microsoft http://www.wired.com/2015/09/ftc-machinima-microsoft-youtube/
Wired: Military Report: Secretly ‘Recruit or Hire Bloggers’ http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2008/03/report-recruit/
Wired: Air Force Releases ‘Counter-Blog’ Marching Orders http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2009/01/usaf-blog-respo/
Reddit Secrets https://archive.fo/NAwBx
Reddit Secrets https://archive.fo/SCWN7
Boostupvotes.com https://archive.fo/WdbYQ
"Once we isolate key people https://archive.is/PoUMo
GCHQ has their own internet shilling program https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joint_Threat_Research_Intelligence_Group
Russia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State-sponsored_Internet_sockpuppetry
US also operates in conjunction with the UK to collect and share intelligence data https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UKUSA_Agreement
Glenn Greenwald: How Covert Agents Infiltrate the Internet to Manipulate https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2014/02/24/jtrig-manipulation/
Glenn Greenwald: Hacking Online Polls and Other Ways British Spies Seek to Control the Internet https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2014/07/14/manipulating-online-polls-ways-british-spies-seek-control-internet/
Here is a direct link to your image for the benefit of mobile users https://imgur.com/OpSos4u.jpg
Reddit for iPhone https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/reddit-the-official-app/id1064216828?mt=8
Why Satoshi Nakamoto Has Gone https://medium.com/@ducktatosatoshi-nakamoto-has-gone-4cef923d7acd
What I learned selling my Reddit accounts https://medium.com/@Rob79/what-i-learned-selling-my-reddit-accounts-c5e9f6348005#.u5zt0mti3
Artificial intelligence chatbots will overwhelm human speech online; the rise of MADCOMs https://medium.com/artificial-intelligence-policy-laws-and-ethics/artificial-intelligence-chatbots-will-overwhelm-human-speech-online-the-rise-of-madcoms-e007818f31a1
How Reddit Got Huge: Tons of Fake Accounts - According to Reddit cofounder Steve Huffman https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/how-reddit-got-huge-tons-of-fake-accounts--2
Whistleblower and subsequent investigation: Paid trolls on /Bitcoin https://np.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/34m7yn/professional_bitcoin_trolls_exist/cqwjdlw
Confession of Hillary Shill from /SandersForPresident https://np.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/3rncq9/confession_of_hillary_shill_from/
Why do I exist? https://np.reddit.com/DirectImageLinkerBot/wiki/index
Already a direct link? https://np.reddit.com/DirectImageLinkerBot/wiki/res_links
Here's the thread. https://np.reddit.com/HailCorporate/comments/3gl8zi/that_potato_mailing_company_is_at_it_again/
/netsec talks about gaming reddit via sockpuppets and how online discourse is (easily) manipulated. https://np.reddit.com/netsec/comments/38wl43/we_used_sock_puppets_in_rnetsec_last_year_and_are
Redditor comes clean about being paid to chat on Reddit. They work to promote a politician https://np.reddit.com/offmychest/comments/3gk56y/i_get_paid_to_chat_on_reddit/
Shill whistleblower https://np.reddit.com/politics/comments/rtr6b/a_very_interesting_insight_into_how_certain/
Russian bots were active on Reddit last year https://np.reddit.com/RussiaLago/comments/76cq4d/exclusive_we_can_now_definitively_state_that/?st=j8s7535j&sh=36805d5d
The Bush and Gore campaigns of 2000 used methods similar to the Chinese government for conducting “guided discussions” in chatrooms designed to influence citizens https://np.reddit.com/shills/comments/3xhoq8/til_the_advent_of_social_media_offers_new_routes/?st=j0o5xr9c&sh=3662f0dc
source paper. https://np.reddit.com/shills/comments/4d3l3s/government_agents_and_their_allies_might_ente
or Click Here. https://np.reddit.com/shills/comments/4kdq7n/astroturfing_information_megathread_revision_8/?st=iwlbcoon&sh=9e44591e Alleged paid shill leaks details of organization and actions.
https://np.reddit.com/shills/comments/4wl19alleged_paid_shill_leaks_details_of_organization/?st=irktcssh&sh=8713f4be
Shill Confessions and Additional Information https://np.reddit.com/shills/comments/5pzcnx/shill_confessions_and_additional_information/?st=izz0ga8r&sh=43621acd
Corporate and governmental manipulation of Wikipedia articles https://np.reddit.com/shills/comments/5sb7pi/new_york_times_corporate_editing_of_wikipedia/?st=iyteny9b&sh=b488263f
Ex -MMA fighter and ex-police officer exposes corrupt police practices https://np.reddit.com/shills/comments/6jn27s/ex_mma_fighter_and_expolice_officer_exposes/
User pushes InfoWars links on Reddit https://np.reddit.com/shills/comments/6uau99/chemicals_in_reddit_are_turning_memes_gay_take/?st=j6r0g2om&sh=96f3dbf4
Some websites use shill accounts to spam their competitor's articles https://np.reddit.com/TheoryOfReddit/comments/1ja4nf/lets_talk_about_those_playing_reddit_with/?st=iunay35w&sh=d841095d
User posts video using GoPro https://np.reddit.com/videos/comments/2ejpbb/yes_it_is_true_i_boiled_my_gopro_to_get_you_this/ck0btnb/?context=3&st=j0qt0xnf&sh=ef13ba81
Fracking shill whistleblower spills the beans on Fracking Internet PR https://np.reddit.com/worldnews/comments/31wo57/the_chevron_tapes_video_shows_oil_giant_allegedly/cq5uhse?context=3
https://i.imgur.com/Q3gjFg9.jpg
https://i.imgur.com/q2uFIV0.jpg
TOP SECRET SPECIAL HANDLING NOFORN
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
Directorate of Operations
October 16, 1964
MEMORANDUM FOR THE DIRECTOR OF THE CIA
Subject: After action report of
Operation CUCKOO (TS)
INTRODUCTION

1) Operation CUCKOO was part of the overall operation CLEANSWEEP, aimed at eliminating domestic opposition to activities undertaken by the Central Intelligence Agency's special activities division, in main regard to operation GUILLOTINE.

2) Operation CUCKOO was approved by the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Department of Defense and the office of The President of the United States as a covert domestic action to be under taken within the limits of Washington D.C as outlined by Secret Executive Order 37.

3) Following the publishing of the Warren Commission, former special agent Mary Pinchot Meyer (Operation MOCKINGBIRD, Operation SIREN) also was married to Cord Meyer (Operation MOCKINGBIRD, Operation GUILLOTINE) threatened to disclose the details of several Special Activities Divisions' operations, including but not limited to, Operation SIREN and GUILLOTENE.
​1
TOP SECRET SPECIAL HANDLING NOFORN
4) It was deemed necessary by senior Directorate of Operations members to initiate Operation CUCKOO as an extension of Operation CLEANSWEEP on November 30th. After Mary Pinchot Meyer threatened to report her knowledge of Operation GUILLOTENE and the details of her work in Operation SIREN from her affair with the former President.

5) Special Activities Division was given the green light after briefing president Johnson on the situation. The situation report was forwarded to the Department of Defense and the Joint Chiefs of staff, who both approved of the parameters of the operation, as outlined under article C of secret executive order 37 (see attached copy of article).
​PLANNING STAGES
6) 8 members of the special activities division handpicked by operation lead William King Harvey began planning for the operation on October 3rd, with planned execution before October 16th.

7) The (?) of the operation was set as the neighborhood of Georgetown along the Potomac river, where the operators would observe, take note on routines, and eventually carry the operation.

8) After nothing Meyer's routines, Edward "Eddy" Reid was picked as the operation point man who would intersect Meyer on her walk on October 12th, with lead William King Harvey providing long range support if necessary from across the Chesapeake and Ohio canal (see illustration A for detailed map).

9) Edward Reid was planned to be dressed in the manner of a homeless black man, due to his resemblances to local trash collector (later found out to be Raymond Crump) who inhabits the AO and the path that Reid was planned to intersect Meyer.
2
TOP SECRET SPECIAL HANDLING NOFORN
submitted by The_Web_Of_Slime to Intelligence [link] [comments]

⟳ 870 apps added, 78 updated at f-droid.org

Notice: this update is spurious, and the issue is being looked at.
⟳ f-droid.org from Wed, 26 Feb 2020 20:21:50 GMT updated on Sun, 01 Mar 2020 05:23:29 GMT contains 2962 apps.
Added (870)
Updated (78)
2020-03-01T05:53:18Z
submitted by BrainstormBot to FDroidUpdates [link] [comments]

600K+ HQ Combo list 19.3 mb (netflix,facebook,instagram,coinpot,steam,vpn...)

[ Removed by reddit on account of violating the content policy. ]
submitted by okba29 to u/okba29 [link] [comments]

HELP WANTED: CypherPoker.JS needs a team!

Please allow me to introduce myself.
My name is Patrick Bay and over the past few years I've been working on an open-source project called CypherPoker.JS
It's a decentralized, soon to be anonymous, truly peer-to-peer Texas Hold'em platform that incorporates blockchain technologies and a unique cryptosystem named SRA (based on a MIT research paper from the late 70s), which remove the need for trusted third parties and the things that go along with them: rakes / high fees, censorship susceptibility, etc.
To the best of my knowledge, to date there's nothing out there like this.
The ".JS" part means that the software is written in JavaScript for the modern browser, Node.js, and Electron. Basically, it runs on almost any device or operating system and yes, there's a web demo you can try right now (or download the desktop version if you prefer).

A Short History

After building the core game engine and a basic but extensible UI I incorporated Bitcoin, pumped up the software's peer-to-peer capabilities, and most recently added support for Bitcoin Cash. Because creating a team was the plan from the get-go I spent plenty of time documenting everything along the way.
There's plenty more in store for CypherPoker.JS but it's at a point now where I'm not sure I can continue to do it all on my own in a reasonable amount of time.
So I'm reaching out to YOU, that person who thinks that this is a pretty kick-ass concept-turned-prototype that they'd like to be associated with. It has the potential to transform the online gaming industry, not just poker. Yes, this is that early stage project you've been waiting to join.

"I'm in! What can I do?"

Now, I get that not everyone's a coder or designer and there are many shoes that need to be filled if this project is going to continue to grow at a healthy rate. Here are some suggestions:

Most social networks have a way to bring posts to prominence. I'll leave the details up to you.
Also watch for new releases, updates, and upcoming stuff and share whatever you think is interesting.

Modern (ECMAScript 2017) JavaScript, HTML5 / CSS3, browser, Node.js, Electron. Make GitHub pull requests with any important / useful / cool things. Some suggestions.

Give it a try! Make a free test account (no sign-up required), get some free testnet Bitcoin or Bitcoin Cash and make a deposit (instructions on the site). Once the deposit is confirmed you can transfer it to other accounts, including new ones that you create. Be aware of this outstanding issue if you want to use Bitcoin or Bitcoin Cash proper.
If you find problems, feel free to post them on the subreddit (or DM), tweet about them, or post them directly to the GitHub issues system where they should eventually end up anyway (you can use a free account). I also [do email](mailto:[email protected]).

Spread the gospel of peer-to-peer poker.
Get to know its deeper inner truths.
Play it, praise it, grow the flock!

Those would help a lot, actually. My laptop's been acting up and I'll probably need a new one soon. I also don't have regular internet access; makes working on this project challenging.
DM me for details (I'm tying to abide by the community rules).

If you have some web server space or Node.js / PHP+MySQL hosting please consider hosting a node. Limits have been built into the software (e.g. max database size), so you don't have to worry about it unnecessarily eating up resources. DM or [email](mailto:[email protected]) me for details.

Tournament funding and advertising are two immediate ideas that spring to mind but if you have any other sponsorship ideas I'd be happy to discuss them. Please contact me via DM or [email](mailto:[email protected]).

Quid Pro Quo

Perhaps you need a hand with one of your projects? Maybe you'd like a few guest blog posts? Possibly there's some other reciprocal arrangement you'd like to propose?
Contact me via DM or [email](mailto:[email protected]) to hash out the details.
submitted by monican_agent to btc [link] [comments]

HELP WANTED: CypherPoker.JS needs a team!

Please allow me to introduce myself.
My name is Patrick Bay and over the past few years I've been working on an open-source project called CypherPoker.JS
It's a decentralized, soon to be anonymous, truly peer-to-peer Texas Hold'em platform that incorporates blockchain technologies and a unique cryptosystem named SRA (based on a MIT research paper from the late 70s), which remove the need for trusted third parties and the things that go along with them: rakes / high fees, censorship susceptibility, etc.
To the best of my knowledge, to date there's nothing out there like this.
The ".JS" part means that the software is written in JavaScript for the modern browser, Node.js, and Electron. Basically, it runs on almost any device or operating system and yes, there's a web demo you can try right now (or download the desktop version if you prefer).

A Short History

After building the core game engine and a basic but extensible UI I incorporated Bitcoin, pumped up the software's peer-to-peer capabilities, and most recently added support for Bitcoin Cash. Because creating a team was the plan from the get-go I spent plenty of time documenting everything along the way.
There's plenty more in store for CypherPoker.JS but it's at a point now where I'm not sure I can continue to do it all on my own in a reasonable amount of time.
So I'm reaching out to YOU, that person who thinks that this is a pretty kick-ass concept-turned-prototype that they'd like to be associated with. It has the potential to transform the online gaming industry, not just poker. Yes, this is that early stage project you've been waiting to join.

"I'm in! What can I do?"

Now, I get that not everyone's a coder or designer and there are many shoes that need to be filled if this project is going to continue to grow at a healthy rate. Here are some suggestions:

Most social networks have a way to bring posts to prominence. These may include sharing, re-posting / cross-posting, liking, upvoting, plussing, starring. or otherwise showing approval or providing additional exposure. There's a good chance that you can do that you can do one of these things right now and that it's probably really easy.
Also watch for new releases, updates, and upcoming stuff. Share whatever you think is interesting.

Modern (ECMAScript 2017) JavaScript, HTML5 / CSS3, browser, Node.js, Electron. Make GitHub pull requests with any important / useful / cool things. Some suggestions.

Give it a try! Make a free test account (no sign-up required), get some free testnet Bitcoin or Bitcoin Cash and make a deposit (instructions on the site). Once the deposit is confirmed you can transfer it to other accounts, including new ones that you create. Be aware of this outstanding issue if you want to use Bitcoin or Bitcoin Cash proper.
If you find problems, feel free to post them on the subreddit (or DM), tweet about them, or post them directly to the GitHub issues system where they should eventually end up anyway (you can use a free account). I also [do email](mailto:[email protected]).

Spread the gospel of peer-to-peer poker.
Get to know its deeper inner truths.
Play it, praise it, grow the flock!

Those would help a lot, actually. My laptop's been acting up and I'll probably need a new one soon. I also don't have regular internet access; makes working on this project challenging.
Bitcoin: 18yWpM7CnYox58YMJ2iVa1aJZCs1sufPhg
Bitcoin Cash: bitcoincash:qrgzc6nf6275er7k04tjwauf4ptm9mw9qcaq6fceup

If you have some web server space or Node.js / PHP+MySQL hosting please consider hosting a node. Limits have been built into the software (e.g. max database size), so you don't have to worry about it unnecessarily eating up resources. DM or [email](mailto:[email protected]) me for details.

Tournament funding and advertising are two immediate ideas that spring to mind but if you have any other sponsorship ideas I'd be happy to discuss them. Please contact me via DM or [email](mailto:[email protected]).

Quid Pro Quo

Perhaps you need a hand with one of your projects? Maybe you'd like a few guest blog posts? Possibly there's some other reciprocal arrangement you'd like to propose?
Contact me via DM or [email](mailto:[email protected]) to hash out the details.
submitted by monican_agent to freesoftware [link] [comments]

HELP WANTED: CypherPoker.JS needs a team!

Please allow me to introduce myself.
My name is Patrick Bay and over the past few years I've been working on an open-source project called CypherPoker.JS
It's a decentralized, soon to be anonymous, truly peer-to-peer Texas Hold'em platform that incorporates blockchain technologies and a unique cryptosystem named SRA (based on a MIT research paper from the late 70s), which remove the need for trusted third parties and the things that go along with them: rakes / high fees, censorship susceptibility, etc.
To the best of my knowledge, to date there's nothing out there like this.
The ".JS" part means that the software is written in JavaScript for the modern browser, Node.js, and Electron. Basically, it runs on almost any device or operating system and yes, there's a web demo you can try right now (or download the desktop version if you prefer).

A Short History

After building the core game engine and a basic but extensible UI I incorporated Bitcoin, pumped up the software's peer-to-peer capabilities, and most recently added support for Bitcoin Cash. Because creating a team was the plan from the get-go I spent plenty of time documenting everything along the way.
There's plenty more in store for CypherPoker.JS but it's at a point now where I'm not sure I can continue to do it all on my own in a reasonable amount of time.
So I'm reaching out to YOU, that person who thinks that this is a pretty kick-ass concept-turned-prototype that they'd like to be associated with. It has the potential to transform the online gaming industry, not just poker. Yes, this is that early stage project you've been waiting to join.

"I'm in! What can I do?"

Now, I get that not everyone's a coder or designer and there are many shoes that need to be filled if this project is going to continue to grow at a healthy rate. Here are some suggestions:

Most social networks have a way to bring posts to prominence. These may include sharing, re-posting / cross-posting, liking, upvoting, plussing, starring. or otherwise showing approval or providing additional exposure. There's a good chance that you can do that you can do one of these things right now and that it's probably really easy.
Also watch for new releases, updates, and upcoming stuff. Share whatever you think is interesting.

Modern (ECMAScript 2017) JavaScript, HTML5 / CSS3, browser, Node.js, Electron. Make GitHub pull requests with any important / useful / cool things. Some suggestions.

Give it a try! Make a free test account (no sign-up required), get some free testnet Bitcoin or Bitcoin Cash and make a deposit (instructions on the site). Once the deposit is confirmed you can transfer it to other accounts, including new ones that you create. Be aware of this outstanding issue if you want to use Bitcoin or Bitcoin Cash proper.
If you find problems, feel free to post them on the subreddit (or DM), tweet about them, or post them directly to the GitHub issues system where they should eventually end up anyway (you can use a free account). I also [do email](mailto:[email protected]).

Spread the gospel of peer-to-peer poker.
Get to know its deeper inner truths.
Play it, praise it, grow the flock!

Those would help a lot, actually. My laptop's been acting up and I'll probably need a new one soon. I also don't have regular internet access; makes working on this project challenging.
Bitcoin: 18yWpM7CnYox58YMJ2iVa1aJZCs1sufPhg
Bitcoin Cash: bitcoincash:qrgzc6nf6275er7k04tjwauf4ptm9mw9qcaq6fceup

If you have some web server space or Node.js / PHP+MySQL hosting please consider hosting a node. Limits have been built into the software (e.g. max database size), so you don't have to worry about it unnecessarily eating up resources. DM or [email](mailto:[email protected]) me for details.

Tournament funding and advertising are two immediate ideas that spring to mind but if you have any other sponsorship ideas I'd be happy to discuss them. Please contact me via DM or [email](mailto:[email protected]).

Quid Pro Quo

Perhaps you need a hand with one of your projects? Maybe you'd like a few guest blog posts? Possibly there's some other reciprocal arrangement you'd like to propose?
Contact me via DM or [email](mailto:[email protected]) to hash out the details.
submitted by monican_agent to opensource [link] [comments]

CypherPoker.JS needs a team!

Please allow me to introduce myself.
My name is Patrick Bay and over the past few years I've been working on an open-source project called CypherPoker.JS
It's a decentralized, soon to be anonymous, truly peer-to-peer Texas Hold'em platform that incorporates blockchain technologies and a unique cryptosystem named SRA (based on a MIT research paper from the late 70s), which remove the need for trusted third parties and the things that go along with them: rakes / high fees, censorship susceptibility, etc.
To the best of my knowledge, to date there's nothing out there like this.
The ".JS" part means that the software is written in JavaScript for the modern browser, Node.js, and Electron. Basically, it runs on almost any device or operating system and yes, there's a web demo you can try right now (or download the desktop version if you prefer).

A Short History

After building the core game engine and a basic but extensible UI I incorporated Bitcoin, pumped up the software's peer-to-peer capabilities, and most recently added support for Bitcoin Cash. Because creating a team was the plan from the get-go I spent plenty of time documenting everything along the way.
There's plenty more in store for CypherPoker.JS but it's at a point now where I'm not sure I can continue to do it all on my own in a reasonable amount of time.
So I'm reaching out to YOU, that person who thinks that this is a pretty kick-ass concept-turned-prototype that they'd like to be associated with. It has the potential to transform the online gaming industry, not just poker. Yes, this is that early stage project you've been waiting to join.

"I'm in! What can I do?"

Now, I get that not everyone's a coder or designer and there are many shoes that need to be filled if this project is going to continue to grow at a healthy rate. Here are some suggestions:

Most social networks have a way to bring posts to prominence. These may include sharing, re-posting / cross-posting, liking, upvoting, plussing, starring. or otherwise showing approval or providing additional exposure. There's a good chance that you can do that you can do one of these things right now and that it's probably really easy.
Also watch for new releases, updates, and upcoming stuff. Share whatever you think is interesting.

Modern (ECMAScript 2017) JavaScript, HTML5 / CSS3, browser, Node.js, Electron. Make GitHub pull requests with any important / useful / cool things. Some suggestions.

Give it a try! Make a free test account (no sign-up required), get some free testnet Bitcoin or Bitcoin Cash and make a deposit (instructions on the site). Once the deposit is confirmed you can transfer it to other accounts, including new ones that you create. Be aware of this outstanding issue if you want to use Bitcoin or Bitcoin Cash proper.
If you find problems, feel free to post them on the subreddit (or DM), tweet about them, or post them directly to the GitHub issues system where they should eventually end up anyway (you can use a free account). I also [do email](mailto:[email protected]).

Spread the gospel of peer-to-peer poker.
Get to know its deeper inner truths.
Play it, praise it, grow the flock!

Those would help a lot, actually. My laptop's been acting up and I'll probably need a new one soon. I also don't have regular internet access; makes working on this project challenging.
Bitcoin: 18yWpM7CnYox58YMJ2iVa1aJZCs1sufPhg
Bitcoin Cash: bitcoincash:qrgzc6nf6275er7k04tjwauf4ptm9mw9qcaq6fceup

If you have some web server space or Node.js / PHP+MySQL hosting please consider hosting a node. Limits have been built into the software (e.g. max database size), so you don't have to worry about it unnecessarily eating up resources. DM or [email](mailto:[email protected]) me for details.

Tournament funding and advertising are two immediate ideas that spring to mind but if you have any other sponsorship ideas I'd be happy to discuss them. Please contact me via DM or [email](mailto:[email protected]).

Quid Pro Quo

Perhaps you need a hand with one of your projects? Maybe you'd like a few guest blog posts? Possibly there's some other reciprocal arrangement you'd like to propose?
Contact me via DM or [email](mailto:[email protected]) to hash out the details.
submitted by monican_agent to cypherpoker [link] [comments]

John Maynard Keynes, when pressed on the negative consequences of inflation: "In the long run we are all dead"

Mises: Why Governments Prefer Inflation to Taxation
From Omnipotent Government (page 252) by Ludwig von Mises:
All governments, however, are firmly resolved not to relinquish inflation and credit expansion. They have all sold their souls to the devil of easy money. It is a great comfort to every administration to be able to make its citizens happy by spending. For public opinion will then attribute the resulting boom to its current rulers. The inevitable slump will occur later and burden their successors. It is the typical policy of après nous le déluge. Lord Keynes, the champion of this policy, says: “In the long run we are all dead.”But unfortunately nearly all of us outlive the short run. We are destined to spend decades paying for the easy money orgy of a few years. Inflation is essentially antidemocratic. Democratic control is budgetary control. The government has but one source of revenue— taxes.No taxation is legal without parliamentary consent. But if the government has other sources of income it can free itself from this control. If war becomes unavoidable, a genuinely democratic government is forced to tell the country the truth. It must say: “We are compelled to fight for our independence. You citizens must carry the burden. You must pay higher taxes and therefore restrict your consumption.” But if the ruling party does not want to imperil its popularity by heavy taxation, it takes recourse to inflation.

Never forget why we are here. For those of you who are new and wonder why we need Bitcoin, I urge you to read a book on Austrian Economics. Economics in One Lesson by Henry Hazlitt is what got me started.
If you understand real economics, you will get a huge advantage in this life. Suddenly you will understand politics and the world around you on a whole other level.
Even Keynes, who wasn't a very bright guy, understood that inflation has terrible consequences. The rich get richer and buy off the ruling class, creating a negative spiral and a road to serfdom. It is socialism for the rich. Lord Mises and FA Hayek crushed Keynes arguments over and over and all he could say was "In the long run we are all dead".
Edit: added link
submitted by SwedishSalsa to btc [link] [comments]

Descripción general de Taurus0x

Descripción general de Taurus0x
https://preview.redd.it/nq3md4sfc1411.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=1599683650daf67fa0275f27abf6f14a7e8ba733
Protocolo distribuido fuera de cadena / en cadena que impulsa derivados inteligentes de principio a fin, para cualquier activo sobre cualquier red.
Antecedentes de Taurus0x
¿Recuerdas alrededor de septiembre de 2017 cuando el mundo perdió la calma por los precios de Bitcoin? Fue casi una guerra ideológica para muchos. Se me ocurrió crear una aplicación para que las personas puje por los precios de Bitcoin, y conectaría esa aplicación a un contrato inteligente para ejecutar las ofertas en la cadena de bloques. Me llevó un par de semanas calcular la cantidad de licencias que tendría que adquirir para administrar un negocio de este tipo en los Estados Unidos. Se hizo evidente que la creación de mercado es una gran empresa y está mejor descentralizada en un protocolo de estándar abierto para generar liquidez.
El protocolo debe descentralizarse por completo como requisito principal. ¿Por qué? porque creo en la filosofía de la descentralización y en la creación de creadores de mercado justos, gobernados por una comunidad pública. Es lo que se debe hacer para crear igualdad de oportunidades para los consumidores sin control centralizado y privilegios especiales.
No sorprende a nadie en este momento que la gran mayoría de las "OIC" fueran promesas vacías. La utilidad de la vida real era y es una necesidad para cualquier proyecto viable. La transición de un mundo centralizado a uno centralizado y descentralizado no puede ser abrupto. El protocolo necesitaba apoyar ambos mundos y permitir un resultado de libre mercado en cuanto a la adopción. Escalable en términos de escalabilidad y hasta el día de hoy, Ethereum no podía manejar un DEX completo en tiempo real que pudiera competir con intercambios centralizados avanzados y conocidos. Y, francamente, tal vez no sea su intención. Aquí es cuando comenzó el pensamiento fuera de la cadena, especialmente después de presenciar algunos de los proyectos más exitosos que adoptaron este enfoque, como Lighting y 0xProject..La compensación fue la complejidad del manejo de las comunicaciones criptográficas sin la ayuda de la cadena de bloques.
Conocí a mi cofundador Brett Hayes en ese momento. Necesitaría otros 3 o 4 artículos para explicarle a Brett por usted.
¿Qué es la Criptografía Asimétrica?
La criptografía asimétrica es una forma de criptografía que usa pares de claves públicas y privadas. Cada clave pública viene con su clave privada asociada y única. Si encriptas un dato con un privado, solo la clave pública asociada se puede usar para descifrar los datos. Y viceversa.
Si le envío un "hola" cifrado con mi clave privada, e intenta descifrarlo con mi clave pública (lo cual no es ningún secreto). Si descifra bien, entonces estás seguro de que este "hola" vino de mí. Esto es lo que llamamos firmas digitales.
La siguiente figura es del documento técnico Taurus0x y describe el algoritmo de firma digital elegido ( ECDSA).
https://preview.redd.it/01ayvve8c1411.png?width=640&format=png&auto=webp&s=f6b8af33c870ca0c7701f54e3091173c1b89e436
¿Qué son los derivados inteligentes?
Bueno, ¿qué son los derivados en primer lugar?
En el mundo financiero, un derivado es un contrato entre dos o más partes basado en un activo. Su precio está determinado por las fluctuaciones en el activo subyacente. Los activos subyacentes más comunes incluyen acciones, bonos, materias primas, divisas, tasas de interés e índices de mercado. Los contratos de futuros, contratos a plazo, opciones, swaps, precios de criptomonedas y warrants son derivados comunes.
Los derivados inteligentes son contratos inteligentes que se comportan como derivados financieros. Poseen suficiente información y fondos para permitir la ejecución con resultados garantizados y confiables.
¿Qué es Taurus0x?
Taurus0x es un protocolo distribuido fuera de cadena / en cadena que alimenta derivados inteligentes de extremo a extremo.Taurus0x es tanto de activos como de agnóstico de red. La filosofía es convertirse también en agnóstico de cadenas de bloques a medida que cobran vida más blockchains.
Distribuido= conjunto totalmente descentralizado de contratos y bibliotecas inteligentes.
Fuera de cadena= protocolo ad-hoc no limitado a una cadena de bloques.
En cadena= resultado confiable sin intermediarios.
Asset-agnostic= admite cualquier activo, no limitado a criptomonedas.
Network-agnostic= los contratos se pueden transmitir a través de cualquier red (correo electrónico, texto, twitter, facebook, lápiz y papel, etc.)
¿Quién puede usar Taurus0x?
El protocolo Taurus0x finalmente se construye para servir a los consumidores finales que negocian contratos de derivados. Los participantes pueden participar en contratos de derivados de igual a igual sin la necesidad de una casa en el medio.
El equipo y el asesoramiento de Taurus0x se dan cuenta de que la migración de un mundo centralizado a uno descentralizado no puede ser abrupta, específicamente en FinTech. Taurus0x está diseñado para admitir modelos comerciales existentes así como C2C punto a punto. Los intercambios que deseen asumir el mercado de derivados pueden usar un protocolo de fuente abierta sin preocuparse por construir un back-end completo para manejar el compromiso y la liquidación del contrato. Los intercambios Taurus0x simplemente conectan a los participantes entre sí, usando algoritmos de coincidencia.
Taurus0x tiene la intención de estandarizar el comercio de derivados de una manera abierta. Tener más intercambios usando el protocolo permite la creación de grupos públicos y de permisos para generar liquidez compuesta de contratos. Esto ayuda a los intercambios más pequeños al reducir la barrera de entrada al mercado.
¿Cómo funciona Taurus0x?
El proceso es simple y directo. Los detalles de implementación están enmascarados por el protocolo, lo que hace que sea muy fácil de construir en la parte superior. Los primeros 2 pasos representan el acuerdo de contrato fuera de la cadena, mientras que 3 y 4 solidifican y ejecutan el contrato en cadena.
1- Crear
Un productor crea un contrato de cualquier cliente que utiliza el protocolo Taurus0x, ya sea desde una aplicación, un sitio web o una extensión de navegador. El productor especifica una condición que se espera que ocurra en algún momento en el futuro. Por ejemplo, I (el productor) podría crear un contrato binario con la siguiente condición:
Stock de Apple> $ 200 para el 1 de julio de 2018 con una prima de 10 TESTIGOS (cualquier token ERC20)
El contrato se firmará automáticamente con mi clave privada, lo que confirma que lo creé. Luego puedo compartirlo (un texto hexadecimal largo) con cualquier persona en cualquier red que elija.
2- Signo
Cuando el consumidor recibe el contrato firmado, podrá cargarlo a través de cualquier cliente que use Taurus0x. Si el consumidor no está de acuerdo con el productor en la condición especificada, seguirá adelante y firmará el contrato con su clave privada. Volviendo a nuestro ejemplo anterior, el consumidor podría pensar que las acciones de Apple permanecerán por debajo de los $ 200 el 1 de julio de 2018. Ahora que hemos recopilado ambas firmas, el contrato está listo para publicarse en blockchain.
3- Publicar
Cualquiera que posea el contrato MultiSig y sus 2 firmas puede continuar y publicarlo en el blockchain de Ethereum. Lo más probable es que sea el productor, el consumidor o una parte como un intercambio en el medio que recibe órdenes fuera de la cadena. Tan pronto como se publique el contrato, el proxy Taurus0x (un contrato inteligente de fuente abierta) extraerá los fondos necesarios de los monederos participantes en la Derivada inteligente recién creada. Los fondos vivirán en el contrato derivado hasta la ejecución exitosa.
4- Ejecutar
Si en algún momento antes de la fecha de vencimiento del contrato se cumple la condición especificada (es decir, Apple Stock> $ 200 ), el productor puede seguir adelante y ejecutar el contrato derivado. El contrato calculará el resultado y transferirá los fondos en consecuencia. En este ejemplo binario derivado, el productor recibirá 20 TESTIGOS en su billetera al ejecutar el contrato. Si llega la fecha de vencimiento y el productor nunca ha ejecutado con éxito el contrato, el consumidor puede ejecutarlo y recoger los 20 TESTIGOS.
Esta figura es del documento técnico de Taurus0x que muestra el proceso:
https://preview.redd.it/fnzqb7uac1411.png?width=640&format=png&auto=webp&s=25765385ca5529d7870e72bb9424f009d1d2daf1
Resumen
Taurus0x es un protocolo altamente versátil y modular construido usando contratos inteligentes basados ​​en Ethereum y bibliotecas JS wrapper para la adopción del desarrollador bootstrap. Si bien Derivados Inteligentes es la primera aplicación de Taurus0x, vale la pena señalar que el protocolo no se limita a las criptomonedas o incluso derivados para el caso. Es una solución de administración de contratos escalable y ad-hoc que garantiza resultados de confianza en el futuro en base a las condiciones especificadas en el día de hoy. La naturaleza semi-fuera de la cadena del protocolo ayuda a remediar las limitaciones de escalabilidad de Ethereum y lo convierte en un producto viable.
Finalmente, el plan para Taurus0x debe ser gobernado por una Organización Autónoma Descentralizada o DAO como se describe en la hoja de ruta en https://taurus0x.com. Esta es un área de investigación y desarrollo a partir de hoy. La descentralización no cumple su propósito si la gobernanza se mantiene centralizada, por lo tanto, sin compromiso, Taurus0x sigue una estructura de gobierno descentralizado.
Nos gustaría expresar nuestra gratitud a nuestros mentores y asesores que ayudaron constantemente a revisar y proporcionar comentarios sobre nuestro trabajo. También nos gustaría agradecer a los miembros de la comunidad de Ethereum cuyas innovaciones nos ayudan a crear una economía descentralizada y simbólica. También nos gustaría reconocer el trabajo de equipos como Lightning, 0x Project y Oraclize que allanaron el camino para una mentalidad fuera de la cadena / en la cadena. Un agradecimiento especial a Bernard Abdo, Rees Morgan y Henry Park, cuyo conocimiento y experiencia ayudaron a proporcionar información valiosa a lo largo de este proyecto.
Autor:Rawad Rifai - Cofundador, Taurus0x
Etiquetas (tags): Blockchain Ethereum Taurus0x Decentralized Derivatives
submitted by Taurus0x to Taurus0x [link] [comments]

Gregory Maxwell /u/nullc has evidently never heard of terms like "the 1%", "TPTB", "oligarchy", or "plutocracy", revealing a childlike naïveté when he says: "‘Majority sets the rules regardless of what some minority thinks’ is the governing principle behind the fiats of major democracies."

UPDATE: This post was inspired by a similar previous post which also has lots of great points, but the current post has a slightly different focus because:
(1) This post assumes ignorance (not dishonesty) on the part of nullc.
(2) This post basically gives a list of a bunch of sources on Wikipedia talking about oligarchy and plutocracy, as a starting point for anyone interested in this stuff.
Gregory Maxwell nullc has repeatedly shown that he has a very weak grasp of the political and economic realities shaping our world today.
He should not be (actually nobody should be) in charge of setting major economic policies and parameters (eg money velocity aka "max blocksize") for the most important non-state-based currency in the history of humanity (Bitcoin).
Are serious investors and businesspeople going to believe in a new currency whose economic parameters (eg money velocity aka "max blocksize") are centrally planned by a private for-profit corporation Blockstream whose CTO and CEO (Gregory Maxwell nullc and Adam Back adam3us) have repeatedly shown that they are totally clueless when it comes to markets and economics?
I don't even know where to begin to school this guy on the reality of politics and economics in the world today. It would take literally years of reading up on events in the mainstream media and online in order for him to get familiar enough with this stuff to stop blurting out ridiculously ignorant statements like:
"Majority sets the rules regardless of what some minority thinks" is the governing principle behind the fiats of major democracies.
https://np.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/44meru/why_would_miners_go_against_their_own_interests/czrgb0d
https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/44p5tk/does_the_community_believe_that_gmaxwell_is_being/
Maybe the Wikipedia articles on "Oligarchy" or "Plutocracy" would be a good place for him to start reading up, so he can avoid making such ignorant public pronouncements in the future.
Meanwhile, it is obvious that this guy should not be in charge of centralized planning for Bitcoin's economic aspects such as "max blocksize".
Actually, blocksize is probably not a even a "parameter" which can be "pre-determined" by a C/C++ programmer.
Blocksize is more likely an "emergent phenomenon" which should probably be determined by the market itself.
Below are many, many links talking about how "oligarchy" and "plutocracy" have replaced democracy in politics and economics today.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oligarchy#United_States
Some contemporary authors have characterized current conditions in the United States as oligarchic in nature.[8][9]
Simon Johnson wrote that "the reemergence of an American financial oligarchy is quite recent," a structure which he delineated as being the "most advanced" in the world.[10]
Jeffrey A. Winters wrote that "oligarchy and democracy operate within a single system, and American politics is a daily display of their interplay."[11]
Bernie Sanders,opined in a 2010 The Nation article that an "upper-crust of extremely wealthy families are hell-bent on destroying the democratic vision of a strong middle-class … In its place they are determined to create an oligarchy in which a small number of families control the economic and political life of our country."[12]
The top 1% in 2007 had a larger share of total income than at any time since 1928.[13] In 2011, according to PolitiFact and others, the top 400 wealthiest Americans "have more wealth than half of all Americans combined."[14][15][16][17]
French economist Thomas Piketty states in his 2013 book, Capital in the Twenty-First Century, that "the risk of a drift towards oligarchy is real and gives little reason for optimism about where the United States is headed."[18]
A study conducted by political scientists Martin Gilens of Princeton University, and Benjamin Page of Northwestern University, was released in April 2014,[19] which stated that their "analyses suggest that majorities of the American public actually have little influence over the policies our government adopts."
It also suggested that "Americans do enjoy many features central to democratic governance, such as regular elections, freedom of speech and association, and a widespread (if still contested) franchise."
Gilens and Page do not characterize the US as an "oligarchy" per se; however, they do apply the concept of "civil oligarchy" as used by Jeffrey Winters with respect to the US. Winters has posited a comparative theory of "oligarchy" in which the wealthiest citizens – even in a "civil oligarchy" like the United States – dominate policy concerning crucial issues of wealth- and income-protection.[20]
Gilens says that average citizens only get what they want if economic elites or interest groups also want it; that is, economic elites and interest groups are influential.[21] ...
In a 2015 interview, former President Jimmy Carter stated that the United States is now "an oligarchy with unlimited political bribery," due to the Citizens United ruling, which effectively removed limits on donations to political candidates.[25]
Links for the above references (footnotes) in the Wikipedia article on "Oligarchy":
[8] Kroll, Andy (2 December 2010). "The New American Oligarchy". TomDispatch (Truthout). Retrieved 17 August 2012.
http://www.truth-out.org/archive/component/k2/item/93150:andy-kroll--the-new-american-oligarchy
It used to be that citizens in large numbers, mobilized by labor unions or political parties or a single uniting cause, determined the course of American politics. After World War II, a swelling middle class was the most powerful voting bloc, while, in those same decades, the working and middle classes enjoyed comparatively greater economic prosperity than their wealthy counterparts. Kiss all that goodbye. We're now a country run by rich people.
[9] America on the Brink of Oligarchy 24 August 2012 The New Republic
http://www.tnr.com/article/magazine/books-and-arts/106430/money-politics-inequality-power-one-percent-move-on-effect
Winters conceives of oligarchy not as rule by the few, but as a kind of minority power created by great concentrations of material wealth. Compatible with a wide range of regimes, oligarchy can co-exist and even be “fused” with democracy as it is today in the United States.
[10] Johnson, Simon (May 2009). "The Quiet Coup". The Atlantic. Retrieved 17 August 2012.
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2009/05/the-quiet-coup/307364/?single_page=true
The crash has laid bare many unpleasant truths about the United States. One of the most alarming, says a former chief economist of the International Monetary Fund, is that the finance industry has effectively captured our government—a state of affairs that more typically describes emerging markets, and is at the center of many emerging-market crises. If the IMF’s staff could speak freely about the U.S., it would tell us what it tells all countries in this situation: recovery will fail unless we break the financial oligarchy that is blocking essential reform. And if we are to prevent a true depression, we’re running out of time.
[11] Winters, Jeffrey A. (November–December 2011) [28 September 2011]. "Oligarchy and Democracy". The American Interest 7 (2). Retrieved 17 August 2012.
http://www.the-american-interest.com/2011/09/28/oligarchy-and-democracy/
Democratic institutions aren't sufficient in themselves to keep the wealthy few from concentrating political power.
[12] Sanders, Bernie (22 July 2010). "No To Oligarchy". The Nation. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
http://www.thenation.com/article/no-oligarchy/
While the middle class disappears and more Americans fall into poverty, the wealthiest people in our country are using their wealth and political power to protect their privileged status at everyone else's expense.
[13] "Tax Data Show Richest 1 Percent Took a Hit in 2008, But Income Remained Highly Concentrated at the Top. Recent Gains of Bottom 90 Percent Wiped Out". Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. 25 May 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
http://www.cbpp.org/research/tax-data-show-richest-1-percent-took-a-hit-in-2008-but-income-remained-highly-concentrated?fa=view&id=3309
[14] Kertscher, Tom; Borowski, Greg (10 March 2011). "The Truth-O-Meter Says: True - Michael Moore says 400 Americans have more wealth than half of all Americans combined". PolitiFact. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
http://www.politifact.com/wisconsin/statements/2011/ma10/michael-moore/michael-moore-says-400-americans-have-more-wealth-/
"Right now, this afternoon, just 400 Americans -- 400 -- have more wealth than half of all Americans combined," Moore avowed to tens of thousands of protesters.
"Let me say that again. And please, someone in the mainstream media, just repeat this fact once; we’re not greedy, we’ll be happy to hear it just once.
"Four hundred obscenely wealthy individuals ... -- most of whom benefited in some way from the multi-trillion-dollar taxpayer bailout of 2008 -- now have more cash, stock and property than the assets of 155 million Americans combined."
[15] Moore, Michael (6 March 2011). "America Is Not Broke". Huffington Post. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/michael-moore/america-is-not-broke_b_832006.html
America is not broke.
Contrary to what those in power would like you to believe so that you'll give up your pension, cut your wages, and settle for the life your great-grandparents had, America is not broke. Not by a long shot. The country is awash in wealth and cash. It's just that it's not in your hands. It has been transferred, in the greatest heist in history, from the workers and consumers to the banks and the portfolios of the uber-rich.
Today just 400 Americans have more wealth than half of all Americans combined.
Let me say that again. 400 obscenely rich people, most of whom benefited in some way from the multi-trillion dollar taxpayer "bailout" of 2008, now have more loot, stock and property than the assets of 155 million Americans combined. If you can't bring yourself to call that a financial coup d'état, then you are simply not being honest about what you know in your heart to be true.
[16] Moore, Michael (7 March 2011). "The Forbes 400 vs. Everybody Else". michaelmoore.com. Archived from the original on 2011-03-09. Retrieved 2014-08-28.
https://web.archive.org/web/20110309211959/http://www.michaelmoore.com/words/must-read/forbes-400-vs-everybody-else
According to the most recent information, the Forbes 400 now have a greater net worth than the bottom 50% of U.S. households combined.
[17] Pepitone, Julianne (22 September 2010). "Forbes 400: The super-rich get richer". CNN. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
http://money.cnn.com/2010/09/22/news/companies/forbes_400/index.htm
Forbes magazine released its annual list of the 400 richest Americans on Wednesday, and their combined net worth climbed 8% this year, to $1.37 trillion.
[18] Piketty, Thomas (2014). Capital in the Twenty-First Century. Belknap Press. ISBN 067443000X p. 514
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capital_in_the_Twenty-First_Century
Capital in the Twenty-First Century is a 2013 book by French economist Thomas Piketty. It focuses on wealth and income inequality in Europe and the United States since the 18th century. It was initially published in French (as Le Capital au XXIe siècle) in August 2013; an English translation by Arthur Goldhammer followed in April 2014.
The book's central thesis is that when the rate of return on capital (r) is greater than the rate of economic growth (g) over the long term, the result is concentration of wealth, and this unequal distribution of wealth causes social and economic instability.
[19] Gilens, Martin; Page, Benjamin (9 April 2016). "Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest Groups, and Average Citizens" (PDF): 6.
[20] Gilens & Page (2014) p. 6
https://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=9354310
Each of four theoretical traditions in the study of American politics—which can be characterized as theories of Majoritarian Electoral Democracy, Economic-Elite Domination, and two types of interest-group pluralism, Majoritarian Pluralism and Biased Pluralism—offers different predictions about which sets of actors have how much influence over public policy: average citizens; economic elites; and organized interest groups, mass-based or business-oriented.
Multivariate analysis indicates that economic elites and organized groups representing business interests have substantial independent impacts on U.S. government policy, while average citizens and mass-based interest groups have little or no independent influence. The results provide substantial support for theories of Economic-Elite Domination and for theories of Biased Pluralism, but not for theories of Majoritarian Electoral Democracy or Majoritarian Pluralism.
[21] Prokop, A. (18 April 2014) "The new study about oligarchy that's blowing up the Internet, explained" Vox
http://www.vox.com/2014/4/18/5624310/martin-gilens-testing-theories-of-american-politics-explained
Study: Politicians listen to rich people, not you
Who really matters in our democracy — the general public, or wealthy elites?
[25] http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/videos/jimmy-carter-u-s-is-an-oligarchy-with-unlimited-political-bribery-20150731
Former President Jimmy Carter had some harsh words to say about the current state of America's electoral process, calling the country "an oligarchy with unlimited political bribery" resulting in "nominations for president or to elect the president." When asked this week by The Thom Hartmann Program (via The Intercept) about the Supreme Court's April 2014 decision to eliminate limits on campaign donations, Carter said the ruling "violates the essence of what made America a great country in its political system."
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plutocracy#Post_World_War_II
When the Nobel-Prize winning economist Joseph Stiglitz wrote the 2011 Vanity Fair magazine article entitled "Of the 1%, by the 1%, for the 1%", the title and content supported Stiglitz's claim that the United States is increasingly ruled by the wealthiest 1%.[34]
Some researchers have said the US may be drifting towards a form of oligarchy, as individual citizens have less impact than economic elites and organized interest groups upon public policy.[35]
A study conducted by political scientists Martin Gilens (Princeton University) and Benjamin Page (Northwestern University), which was released in April 2014,[36] stated that their "analyses suggest that majorities of the American public actually have little influence over the policies our government adopts."
Links for the above references (footnotes) in the Wikipedia article on "Plutocracy":
[34] Stiglitz Joseph E. "Of the 1%, by the 1%, for the 1%" Vanity Fair, May 2011; see also the Democracy Now! interview with Joseph Stiglitz: Assault on Social Spending, Pro-Rich Tax Cuts Turning U.S. into Nation "Of the 1 Percent, by the 1 Percent, for the 1 Percent", Democracy Now! Archive, Thursday, April 7, 2011
http://www.vanityfair.com/news/2011/05/top-one-percent-201105
It’s no use pretending that what has obviously happened has not in fact happened. The upper 1 percent of Americans are now taking in nearly a quarter of the nation’s income every year. In terms of wealth rather than income, the top 1 percent control 40 percent.
...
America’s inequality distorts our society in every conceivable way. There is, for one thing, a well-documented lifestyle effect—people outside the top 1 percent increasingly live beyond their means. Trickle-down economics may be a chimera, but trickle-down behaviorism is very real. Inequality massively distorts our foreign policy. The top 1 percent rarely serve in the military—the reality is that the “all-volunteer” army does not pay enough to attract their sons and daughters, and patriotism goes only so far. Plus, the wealthiest class feels no pinch from higher taxes when the nation goes to war: borrowed money will pay for all that. Foreign policy, by definition, is about the balancing of national interests and national resources. With the top 1 percent in charge, and paying no price, the notion of balance and restraint goes out the window. There is no limit to the adventures we can undertake; corporations and contractors stand only to gain. The rules of economic globalization are likewise designed to benefit the rich: they encourage competition among countries for business, which drives down taxes on corporations, weakens health and environmental protections, and undermines what used to be viewed as the “core” labor rights, which include the right to collective bargaining. Imagine what the world might look like if the rules were designed instead to encourage competition among countries for workers. Governments would compete in providing economic security, low taxes on ordinary wage earners, good education, and a clean environment—things workers care about. But the top 1 percent don’t need to care.
[35] Piketty, Thomas (2014). Capital in the Twenty-First Century. Belknap Press. ISBN 067443000X p. 514: "the risk of a drift towards oligarchy is real and gives little reason for optimism about where the United States is headed."
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capital_in_the_Twenty-First_Century
[36] Gilens & Page (2014) Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest Groups, and Average Citizens, Perspectives on Politics, Princeton University. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
PDF! www.princeton.edu/~mgilens/Gilens%20homepage%20materials/Gilens%20and%20Page/Gilens%20and%20Page%202014-Testing%20Theories%203-7-14.pdf
Finally, it is worth mentioning the notorious "Plutonomy" memo prepared by analysts at Citigroup:
https://pissedoffwoman.wordpress.com/2012/04/12/the-plutonomy-reports-download/
Citigroup wrote memos in 2005 and 2006 addressed to investors, basically saying that the world is dividing up more and more into a small group of rich people who drive the economy, surrounded by a large number of poor people whose economic interests can be safely ignored.
As the above links show, it is shockingly naïve for Gregory Maxwell u/nullc to claim that policies for fiat currencies are determined by "democracies".
If he is this ignorant about the reality of so-called democracies and fiat currencies, one can only wonder how much other stuff he is ignorant about, in his ongoing misguided attempts to impose his own centralized economic planning on Bitcoin.
submitted by ydtm to btc [link] [comments]

Bitcoin-NG: A Scalable Blockchain Protocol

arXiv:1510.02037
Date: 2015-11-11
Author(s): Ittay Eyal, Adem Efe Gencer, Emin Gun Sirer, Robbert van Renesse

Link to Paper


Abstract
Cryptocurrencies, based on and led by Bitcoin, have shown promise as infrastructure for pseudonymous online payments, cheap remittance, trustless digital asset exchange, and smart contracts. However, Bitcoin-derived blockchain protocols have inherent scalability limits that trade-off between throughput and latency and withhold the realization of this potential.This paper presents Bitcoin-NG, a new blockchain protocol designed to scale. Based on Bitcoin's blockchain protocol, Bitcoin-NG is Byzantine fault tolerant, is robust to extreme churn, and shares the same trust model obviating qualitative changes to the ecosystem.In addition to Bitcoin-NG, we introduce several novel metrics of interest in quantifying the security and efficiency of Bitcoin-like blockchain protocols. We implement Bitcoin-NG and perform large-scale experiments at 15% the size of the operational Bitcoin system, using unchanged clients of both protocols. These experiments demonstrate that Bitcoin-NG scales optimally, with bandwidth limited only by the capacity of the individual nodes and latency limited only by the propagation time of the network.

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[23] Garcia-Molina, H. Elections in a distributed computing system. Computers, IEEE Transactions on 100, 1 (1982), 48–59.
[24] Hearn, M., and Spilman, J. Rapidly-adjusted (micro)payments to a pre-determined party. https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Contract, retrieved Sep. 2015.
[25] Heilman, E., Kendler, A., Zohar, A., and Goldberg, S. Eclipse attacks on Bitcoin’s peerto-peer network. In 24th USENIX Security Symposium, USENIX Security 15, Washington, D.C., USA, August 12-14, 2015. (2015), pp. 129–144.
[26] Kosba, A., Miller, A., Shi, E., Wen, Z., and Papamanthou, C. Hawk: The blockchain model of cryptography and privacy-preserving smart contracts. Cryptology ePrint Archive, Report 2015/675, 2015. http://eprint.iacr.org/.
[27] Kroll, J. A., Davey, I. C., and Felten, E. W. The economics of Bitcoin mining or, Bitcoin in the presence of adversaries. In Workshop on the Economics of Information Security (2013).
[28] Lamport, L. Using time instead of timeout for fault-tolerant distributed systems. ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems 6, 2 (Apr. 1984), 254–280.
[29] Le Lann, G. Distributed systems-towards a formal approach. In IFIP Congress (1977), vol. 7, Toronto, pp. 155–160.
[30] Lewenberg, Y., Sompolinsky, Y., and Zohar, A. Inclusive block chain protocols. In Financial Cryptography (Puerto Rico, 2015).
[31] Litecoin Project. Litecoin, open source P2P digital currency. https://litecoin.org, retrieved Nov. 2014.
[32] Meiklejohn, S., Pomarole, M., Jordan, G., Levchenko, K., McCoy, D., Voelker, G. M., and Savage, S. A fistful of bitcoins: characterizing payments among men with no names. In Proceedings of the 2013 Internet Measurement Conference, IMC 2013, Barcelona, Spain, October 23-25, 2013 (2013), pp. 127–140.
[33] Miller, A., and Jansen, R. Shadow-Bitcoin: Scalable simulation via direct execution of multithreaded applications. IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive 2015 (2015), 469.
[34] Miller, A., and Jr., L. J. J. Anonymous Byzantine consensus from moderately-hard puzzles: A model for Bitcoin. https://socrates1024.s3.amazonaws.com/consensus.pdf, 2009.
[35] Miller, A., Litton, J., Pachulski, A., Gupta, N., Levin, D., Spring, N., and Bhattacharjee, B. Preprint: Discovering Bitcoins public topology and influential nodes. http://cs.umd.edu/projects/coinscope/coinscope.pdf, 2015.
[36] Moraru, I., Andersen, D. G., and Kaminsky, M. Egalitarian Paxos. In ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles (2012).
[37] Nakamoto, S. Bitcoin: A peer-to-peer electronic cash system. http://www.bitcoin.org/ bitcoin.pdf, 2008.
[38] Nayak, K., Kumar, S., Miller, A., and Shi, E. Stubborn mining: Generalizing selfish mining and combining with an eclipse attack. IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive 2015 (2015), 796.
[39] Pazmino, J. E., and da Silva Rodrigues, C. K. ˜ Simply dividing a Bitcoin network node may reduce transaction verification time. The SIJ Transactions on Computer Networks and Communication Engineering (CNCE) 3, 2 (February 2015), 17–21.
[40] Pease, M. C., Shostak, R. E., and Lamport, L. Reaching agreement in the presence of faults. J. ACM 27, 2 (1980), 228–234.
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submitted by dj-gutz to myrXiv [link] [comments]

Projet: Entrainement de stratégies de trading algorithmiques sur cryptomonnaies

Ce projet consiste en la conception d'un bot qui se connectera à une plateforme de trading ou il assurera le pilotage d'un portefeuille de crypomonnaies, exécutant des ordres d'achat et de vente.

Contexte

Les cryptomonnaies ont acquis une forte popularité durant les récentes années, en tant qu'instruments financiers novateurs et faciles à utiliser, et beaucoup d'acteurs de la Fintech proposent maintenant des applications, frameworks, et librairies pour les mainpuler. Il existe également de nombreuses plateformes où les crypomonnaies peuvent être échangées, achetées et vendues avec des monnaies traditionnelles.
Le trading algorithmique a également connu une forte adoption et représente maintenant la majorité des transactions financières conduites sur les marchés internationaux.
Plusieurs outils peuvent être utilisés pour concevoir un bot qui se connecte à une plateforme de change de cryptomonnaie et conduire du trading algorithmique automatisé.

Cryptomonnaies

La première cryptomonnaie, Bitcoin, a été créée en 2009 par un utilisateur sous pseudonyme Satoshi Nakamoto, sur les bases des précédents travaux de la communauté des cypherpunk.
Voilà l'article original qui a présenté Bitcoin et la technologie de la blockchain sur lequel il s'appuie. En combinant plusieurs techniques fondées sur la cryptographie, Bitcoin permet à sa communauté d'utilisateurs de gérer collective la monnaie sans avoir à recourir à un superviseur central, court-circuitant le secteur bancaire.
Plusieurs principes alternatifs ont depuis été proposés, généralement avec de petite variations protocolaires: ce subreddit ou ce site web peuvent constituer de bons points d'entrée pour les découvrir.
De nombreuses plateformes de change ont également été créées en offrant des fonctionnalités et APIs de trading, mais la plupart des acteurs originaux ont été liquidés pour cause de fraude ou de hacks où une partie des fonds ont été volés. Parmi les acteurs actuels de bonne réputation proposant une API, on peut siter Bitstamp ou Kraken.

L'expérience DNN Bitcoin

Dans la phase initiale de développement du module PKP, l'environnement utilisés pour les TPs de ce cours, DNNBitcoin fut créé comme démonstrateur du moteur de bots pour l'hébergement d'un moteur de trading algorithmique communautaire.
Les utilisateurs pouvaient gratuitement enregistrer un compte et un Bot sur la plateforme, se connectant à plusieurs APIs de plateformes de change, et exécutant des stratégies de Market making. Plusieurs centaines de bots ont tourné simultanément à au plus fort de son utilisation. L'expérience a finalement été stoppée quand les plateformes de change supportées ont fermée, et du fait la maintenance conséquence du service, mais du code obsolète a été conservé dans l'extension DNN et peut constituer un point de départ sur la manière de procéder.

Comment fonctionnait le Bot historique?

Les principales règles d'exécutions, qui ont été conservées en état de refactoring incluaient:

Connecteurs

Quand DNN Bitcoin a été développé, des connecteurs individuels étaient implémentés pour chaque plateforme supportée, par le biais de requêtes Http personnalisées.
La librairie XChange propose désormais une alternative plus confortable, avec de nombreuses plateformes supportées sous un même modèle objet, et plus de nécessité de se ternir à jour des différentes APIs. Pour un développement sous .Net, il devrait être possible de la porter en utilisant IKVM comme ça a été fait pour la librairie AIMA.

Authentification à la plateforme de change

Les plateformes authentifient généralement les comptes utilisateurs par un Hmac cryptographique (on signe le corps de la requête Http avec une clé privée fournie par la plateforme). La librairie XChange devrait prendre en charge cette opération à partir des clés obtenues en ligne.

Format des données

Les données sont généralement récupérées et renvoyées aux APIs des plateformes au format Json. A nouveau la librairie XChange devrait prendre en charge le formattage et fournir un ensemble de classes indépendantes des plateformes cibles.

Moteur de trading

DNNBitcoin fournit un framework léger pour la manipulation des monnaies et l'exécution de stratégies diverses, sous forme de classes .net implémentant une interface commune, avec une méthode qui prend en paramètres un portefeuille, les données de marché et historiques, et renvoie les ordres à exécuter. L'interface utilisateur de PKP transforme la structure des straégies en formulaires web que les utilisateurs peuvent accéder pour personnaliser les paramètres de leurs stratégies.
Ceci était suffisant pour implémenter différent types de stratégies, mais depuis, plusieurs librairies open-source offrant des moteurs de trading complets sont apparues, et fournissent très probablement une meilleure alternative.
La librairie Lean Framework constitue un bon candidat en .Net.

Historique et simulation

Le bot historique incluait également la fonctionnalité d'archivage en local des données historiques, permettant notamment les simulations, sur une période données, de stratégies spécifiques. L'utilisation d'un framework de trading dédié devrait fournir des moyens alternatifs d'obtenir les mêmes fonctionnalités.

Prérequis initiaux

La tâche initiale consiste à intégrer ensemble:
Il devrait s'agit principalement de conjoindre les librairies introduites, et fournir les méthodes pour faire circuler les données de l'une à l'autre.
Automapper est une librairie qui peut faciliter la mis en place de mapping entre les différents modèles objets.

Stratégies de trading

Ensuite, la tâche principale de ce projet est de mettre en oeuvre les stratégies de trading.
Des stratégies traditionnelles peuvent bien fonctionner, la librairie lean framework en fournit un certain nombre et vous pouvez exploer la panneau de droite du subreddit de trading algorithmique.
Ceci dit, les stratéiges les plus intéressantes et puissantes utiliseront les techniques d'IA étudiées en cours, comme les réseaux de neurones. Voir par exemple cet article pour une implémentation basique, et les plus récents exemples d'apprentissage profond dans la gallerie CNTK ou encore cet article.
submitted by jeansylvain to IA101ORT2018 [link] [comments]

Ethereum in the year of the fire monkey! can you keep up?

Soon after we celebrate the two-year anniversary of the official release of the white paper with the one millionth block on the frontier, amazing news keep coming in so rapidly that even the world's fastest client cannot finish syncing before the next incredible story hits.
Since the onset of the chinese new year, the fire monkey's frolics set the whole ethereum ecosystem on fire.
For you indulgence, I cherry picked some recent news:
I mean. Isn't this just crazy? In less than a month?
What is YOUR favourite story?
Bonus points if you give me a reason not to be bullish.
submitted by decypha to ethereum [link] [comments]

[Epub] Lies by T.M. Logan

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Author : T.M. Logan
ISBN : B079DWS56C
Number of pages : 432 pages
Editor : St. Martin's Press
Date of Publication : September 11th 2018

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What if you have the perfect life, the perfect wife and the perfect child—then, in one shattering moment, you discover nothing is as it seems? Now you are in the sights of a ruthless killer determined to destroy everything you treasure.
It’s the evening drive home from work on a route Joe Lynch has taken a hundred times with his young son. But today, Joe sees his wife meet another man—an encounter that will rip two families apart. Raising the question: Can we ever really trust those closest to us?
Joe will do whatever it takes to protect his family, but as the deception unravels, so does his life. A life played out without any rules. And a cunning opponent who’s always one step ahead.
In the tradition of The Girl Before by J. P. Delaney and Behind Closed Doors by B. A. Paris, T. M. Logan’s Lies is an unputdownable thriller that will keep readers guessing until the jaw-dropping finale.

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Bitcoin Basics (Part 1) - IngresosDigitales - YouTube Blockchain e Bitcoin tra rivoluzione tecnologica e bolle ... Bitcoin explained and made simple  Guardian Animations ... Le top 5 des anecdotes incroyables sur le Bitcoin

Bitcoin is a decentralized digital currency that enables instant payments to anyone, anywhere in the world. Bitcoin uses peer-to-peer technology to operate with no central authority: transaction management and money issuance are carried out collectively by the network. The original Bitcoin software by Satoshi Nakamoto was released under the MIT license. . Most client software, derived or "from ... Media in category "Bitcoin" The following 134 files are in this category, out of 134 total. $10,000 in $100 USD bills with 25 BTC Gold Casascius coin by Gage Skidmore.jpg 5,248 × 3,240; 8.4 MB. $100 Bill with 25 BTC Gold Casascius coin on Ben Franklin's face by Gage Skidmore.jpg 5,206 × 2,530; 8.86 MB. 10elqpi.jpg 1,600 × 900; 318 KB. 25 BTC Casascius Gold Round with $10k in fiat currency ... Le bitcoin est une monnaie électronique décentralisée créée en 2009 par Satoshi Nakamoto.. Le bitcoin est basé sur la technologie blockchain (chaîne de blocs) qui permet d'enregistrer les paiements.. Cette monnaie a la particularité d'avoir un nombre de "pièces" fixé à l'avance : il y aura 21 millions de bitcoins. Cette introduction est une présentation technique des mécanismes de création de la blockchain pour la monnaie Bitcoin.Elle est basée sur l'article fondateur de Satoshi Nakamoto et le site Wiki de bitcoin.org.. Les mécanismes de transactions pour les paiements en monnaie Bitcoin ne sont pas abordés : la structure de la transaction n'est pas décrite, notamment la somme et le ... Der Bitcoin nimmt nach der Korrektur auf unter 9.000 Dollar wieder Fahrt auf. Für positive fundamentale Impulse sorgt mal wieder PayPal. Denn die Pläne des Payment-Giganten, Bitcoin in sein ...

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Bitcoin Basics (Part 1) - "Explained For Beginners" - YouTube

A quick guide on the Bitcoin blockchain and how to buy BTC with a wallet. How to mine cryptocurrency: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U9JIanRXsfU Coinbase: h... ¿Quién es Allan Castro? Allan Castro es un Inversionista Profesional de la Bolsa de Valores de los Estados Unidos y del Mercado Forex desde hace más de 20 añ... La famosa criptomoneda denominada Bitcoin, arrastra un gran secreto, un misterio que se esconde detrás de su desconocido creador, Satoshi Nakamoto, un anónim... Vuoi sviluppare una nuova competenza? Non sai come orientarti o da dove partire? Video guide/report mensili che studi in 1 ora. Selezioniamo i migliori nel ... Bitso: http://bit.ly/2Ke4mQA Libro de Bitcoin mas importante: https://amzn.to/336P1g5

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